Oral Dosage Forms That Should Not Be Crushed

The List of Oral Dosage Forms That Should Not Be Crushedcommonly referred to as the "Do Not Crush" list, contains medications that should not be crushed because of their special pharmaceutical formulations or characteristics, such as oral dosage forms that are sustained-release in nature.


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Drug Product Active Ingredients(s) Dosage Form(s) Reasons/Comments
Absorica (ISOtretinoin) Capsule Mucous membrane irritant
Abstral (fentaNYL) Tablet Note: Sublingual tablet; do not suck, chew or swallow whole.
AcipHex (rabeprazole) Tablet Slow-release
Acticlate (doxycycline) Capsule; Tablet Film-coated (h) (Note: tablet scored in thirds rather than half)
Actiq (fentaNYL) Lozenge Slow-release (Note: this lollipop delivery system requires the patient to slowly allow dissolution)
Actonel (risedronate) Tablet Irritant (Note: chewed, crushed or sucked tablets may cause oropharyngeal irritation)
Adalat CC (NIFEdipine) Tablet Slow-release
Adderall XR (amphetamine salts) Capsule Slow-release (a)
AeroHist Plus (combination) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Afeditab CR (NIFEdipine) Tablet Slow-release
Afinitor (everolimus) Tablet Mucous membrane irritant
Aggrenox (combination) Capsule Slow-release
Alavert Allergy (Sinus 12 hour) (combination) Tablet Slow-release
Allegra-D (combination) Tablet Slow-release
Alophen (bisacodyl) Tablet Enteric-coated
ALPRAZolam ER (ALPRAZolam) Tablet Slow-release
Altoprev (lovastatin) Tablet Slow-release
Ambein CR (zolpidem) Tablet Slow-release
Amibid DM (combination) Tablet Slow-release
Amitiza (lubiprostone) Capsule Slow-release
Ampyra (dalfampridine) Tablet Slow-release (Note: formerly fampridine-RS)
Amrix (cyclobenzaprine) Capsule Slow-release
Aplenzin (buPROPion) Tablet Slow-release
Apriso (mesalamine) Capsule Slow-release (a) (Note: maintain pH at < 6.0)
Aptensio XR (methylphenidate) Capsule Slow-release (a)
Aptivus (tipranavir) Capsule Note: oil emulsion within spheres; taste
Aquatab C (combination) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Aquatab D (combination) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Aricept 23 mg (donepezil) Tablet Note: crushing the 23 mg tablet may significantly increase the rate of absorption; the 5 mg and 10 mg tablets are not affected
Arthrotec (diclofenac) Tablet Enteric coated
Asacol (mesalamine) Tablet Slow-release
Aspirin enteric-coated (aspirin) Caplet; Tablet Slow-release; Enteric-coated
Atelvia (risedronate) Tablet Slow-release (Note: tablet coating is an important part of the slow-release; chewed, cut or crushed tablets may cause oropharyngeal irritation)
Augmentin XR (combination) Tablet Slow-release (b,h)
AVINza (morphine) Capsule Slow-release (a; not pudding)
Avodart (dutasteride) Capsule Note:drug may cause fetal abnormalities; women who are, or may become, pregnant, should not handle capsules; all women should use caution in handling capsules, especially leaking capsules
Azulfidine EN-Tabs (sulfaSALAzine) Tablet Slow release (b)
Bayer EC (aspirin) Caplet Enteric-coated
Bayer Regular (aspirin) Caplet Enteric-coated
Belsomra (suvorexant) Tablet Note: not scored; no studies available from company
Belviq XR (lorcaserin) Tablet Slow release
Biaxin-XL (clarithromycin) Tablet Slow release
Bidex A (combination) Tablet Slow release
Bidhist-D (combination) Tablet Slow release
Biltricide (praziquantel) Tablet Taste (h)
Biohist LA (combination) Tablet Slow release (h)
Bisac-Evac (bisacodyl) Tablet Enteric-coated (c)
Bisacodyl (combination) Tablet Enteric-coated (c)
Bisa-Lax (combination) Tablet Enteric-coated (c)
Boniva (ibandronate) Tablet Note: chewed, crushed or sucked ttablets may cause oropharyngeal irritation
Briviact (brivaracetam) Tablet Film-coated (b)
Bromfed PD (combination) Capsule Slow release
Budeprion SR (buPROPion) Tablet Slow release
Bunavail (combination) Buccal Film Note: chewing or swallowing may result in lower peak concentrations and bioavailability
Cabometyx (cabozantinib) Tablet Film-coated
Calan SR (verapamil) Tablet Slow release (h)
Carbatrol (carBAMazepine) Capsule Slow release (a)
Cardene SR (niCARdipine) Capsule Slow release
Cardizem (diltiazem) Tablet Note: although not in the package insert, the drug has a coating that is intended to release the drug over approximately 3 hours
Cardizem CD (diltiazem) Capsule Slow release
Cardizem LA (diltiazem) Tablet Slow release
Cardura XL (doxazosin) Tablet Slow release
Cartia XT (diltiazem) Capsule Slow release
Cefaclor ER -------- Tablet Slow release (b)
Ceftin (cefuroxime) Tablet Taste (b) (Note: use suspension for children)
Cefuroxime -------- Tablet Taste (b) (Note: use suspension for children)
CellCept (mycophenolate) Capsule; Tablet Teratogenic potential (i)
Cerdelga (eliglustat) Capsule Preferably taken with water
Charcoal Plus -------- Tablet Enteric-coated
Chlor-Trimeton 12-H (combination) Tablet Slow release (b)
Cholbam (cholic acid) Capsule Note: capsules may be opened and the contents mixed with food/drink
Cipro XR (ciprofloxacin) Tablet Slow release (b)
Claritin-D 12 Hour (combination) Tablet Slow release
Claritin-D 24 Hour (combination) Tablet Slow release
Colace (docusate) Capsule Taste (e)
Colestid (colestipol) Tablet Slow release
Commit (nicotine) Lozenge Note: integrity compromised by chewing or crushing
Concerta (methylphenidate) Tablet Slow release
Contrave (combination) Tablet Slow release (Note: chewing, dividing, or crushing tablets may alter release rate)
Coreg CR (carvedilol) Capsule Slow release (a) (Note: may add contents of capsule to chilled, not warm, applesauce and consume immediately)
Cotazym-S (pancrelipase) Capsule Enteric-coated (a)
Covera-HS (verapamil) Tablet Slow-release
Creon 5, 10, 20 (pancrelipase) Capsule Slow-release (a)
Crixivan (indinavir) Capsule Taste (Note: capsule may be opened and mixed with fruit puree [e.g. banana])
Cymbalta (DULoxetine) Capsule Slow release (a) (Note: may add contents of capsule to apple juice or applesauce but NOT chocolate)
Cytovene (ganciclovir) Capsule Skin irritant
Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide) Tablet Note: drug may be crushed but company recommends using injection
Depakene (divalproex) Capsule Slow-release; mucus membrane irritant (b)
Depakote (divalproex) Tablet Slow-release
Depakote ER (divalproex) Tablet Slow-release
Detrol LA (tolterodine) Capsule Slow-release
Dexilant (dexlansoprazole) Capsule Slow-release (a)
Diclegis (combination) Tablet Slow-release
Dilacor XR (diltiazem) Capsule Slow-release
Dilatrate-SR (isosorbide) Capsule Slow-release
Dilt-CD (diltiazem) Capsule Slow-release
Diltia XT (diltiazem) Capsule Slow-release
Ditropan XL (oxybutynin) Tablet Slow-release
Divalproex ER (divalproex) Tablet Slow-release
Doxidan (bisacodyl) Tablet Enteric-coated (c)
Drisdol (ergocalciferol) Capsule Liquid filled (d)
Droxia (hydroxyurea) Capsule Note: exposure to the powder may cause serious skin toxicities; health care workers should wear gloves to administer
Dulcolax (bisacodyl) Capsule; Tablet Enteric-coated (c); liquid-filled
Durlaza (aspirin) Capsule Slow-release
DynaCirc CR (isradipine) Tablet Slow-release
E.E.S. 400 (erythromycin) Tablet Enteric-coated  (b)
Easprin (aspirin) Tablet Enteric-coated
EC-Naprosyn (combination) Tablet Enteric-coated
Ecotrin Adult Strength (aspirin) Tablet Enteric-coated
Ecotrin Maximum Strength (aspirin) Tablet Enteric-coated
Ecotrin Regular Strength (aspirin) Tablet Enteric-coated
Effer-K (potassium bicarbonate) Tablet Effervescent tablet (f)
Effervescent Potassium -------- Tablet Effervescent tablet (f)
Effexor XR (venlafaxine) Capsule Slow-release
Embeda (morphine sulfate) Capsule Slow-release (a)
E-Mycin (erythromycin) Tablet Enteric-coated
Enablex (darifenacin) Tablet Slow-release
Entocort EC (budesonide) Capsule Enteric-coated (a)
Envarsus XR (tacrolimus) Tablet Slow-release
Epanova (omega-3-carboxylic acids) Capsule Note: contents of capsule may erode walls of Styrofoam or plastic materials
Equetro (carBAMazepine)   Slow-release (a)
Ergomar (ergotamine) Tablet Sublingual form (g)
Erivedge (vismodegib) Capsule Note: package insert indicates potential teratogenic effects; material safety data sheet warns against skin contact; health care workers should take appropriate precautions
Ery-Tab (erythromycin) Tablet Enteric-coated
Erythromycin Base -------- Tablet Enteric-coated
Erythromycin Delayed-Release -------- Capsule Enteric-coated pellets (a)
Erythromycin Stearate -------- Tablet Enteric-coated
Evista (raloxifene) Tablet Taste; teratogenic potential (i)
Exalgo (HYDROmorphone) Tablet Slow-release (Note: crusing, chewing or dissolving tablets can cause rapid release and absorption of a potentially fatal dose)
Exjade (deferasirox) Tablet Note: do not give as whole tablet; tablets are meant to be given as oral suspension; see company insert
Extendryl JR (combination) Capsule Slow-release
Extendryl  SR (combination) Capsule Slow-release (b)
Farydak (panobinostat) Capsule Irritant
Feen-a-mint (bisacodyl) Tablet Enteric-coated (c)
Feldene (piroxicam) Capsule Mucous membrane irritant
FentaNYL -------- Lozenge Slow-release (Note: this lollipop delivery system requires the patient to slowly dissolve in mouth)
Fentora (fentaNYL) Tablet Note: buccal tablet; swallow whole
Feosol (ferrous sulfate) Tablet Enteric-coated (b)
Feratab (ferrous sulfate) Tablet Enteric-coated (b)
Frgon (ferrous gluconate) Tablet Enteric-coated
Fero-Grad 500 mg (combination) Tablet Slow-release
Ferro-Sequels (combination) Tablet Slow-release
Flagyl ER (metroNIDAZOLE) Tablet Slow-release
Fleet Laxative (bisacodlyl) Tablet Enteric-coated (c)
Flomax (tamsulosin) Capsule Slow-release
Focalin XR (dexmethylphenidate) Capsule Slow-release (a)
Fortamet (metFORMIN) Tablet Slow-release
Fosamax (alendronate) Tablet Mucous membrane irritant
Gleevec (imatinib) Tablet Taste (h) (Note: may be dissolved in water or apple juice)
GlipiZIDE XR (glipiZIDE) Tablet Slow-release
Glucophage XR (metFORMIN) Tablet Slow-release
Glucotrol XL (glipiZIDE) Tablet Slow-release
Glumetza (metFORMIN) Tablet Slow-release
Gralise (gabapentin) Tablet Slow-release
Guaifed (combination) Capsule Slow-release
Guaifed-PD (combination) Capsule Slow-release
Guaifenex DM (combination) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Guaifenex GP (combination) Tablet Slow-release
Guaifenex PSE (combination) Tablet Slow-release (h)
GuaiFENesin/ Pseudoephedrine -------- Tablet Slow-release
GuaiMAX-D (combination) Tablet Slow-release
Halfprin 81 (aspirin) Tablet Enteric-coated
Hetlioz (tasimelteon) Capsule Note: not scored; no studies available from company
Hista-Vent DA (combination) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Horizant (gabapentin) Tablet Slow-release
Hydrea (hydroxyurea) Capsule Note: exposure to the powder may cause serious skin toxicities; health care workers should wear gloves to administer
Hysingla ER (HYDROcodone) Tablet Slow-release (Note: crushing, chewing, or dissolving tablets can cause rapid release and absorption of a potentially fatal dose of HYDROcodone)
Imbruvica (ibrutinib) Capsule Not: not scored; no studies available from company
Imdur (isosorbide) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Impavido (miltefosine) Capsule Not: not scored; no studies available from company
Inderal LA (propranolol) Capsule Slow-release
Indocin SR (indomethacin) Capsule Slow-release (a,b)
InnoPran XL (propranolol) Capsule Slow-release
Intelence (etravirine) Tablet Note: tablet should be swallowed whole and not crushed; tablet may be dispersed in water
Intermezzo (zolpidem) Tablet Sublingual form (g)
Intuniv (guanFACINE) Tablet Slow-release
Invega (paliperidone) Tablet Slow-release
Iressa (gefitinib) Tablet Note: tablet may be dissolved in 4-8 ounces of water
Isoptin SR (verapamil) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Isordil Sublingual (isosorbide) Tablet Sublingual form (g)
Isosorbide Dinitrate Sublingual (isosorbide) Tablet Sublingual form (g)
Isosorbide SR (isosorbide) Tablet Slow-release
Jakafi (ruxolitinib) Tablet Note: see prescribing information for making a suspension
Jalyn (combination) Capsule Mucous membrane irritant (Note: women who are, or may become, pregnant should not handle crushed or broken tablets [l])
Janumet XR (combination) Tablet Slow-release
Jentadueto XR (combination) Tablet Slow-release
Kadian (morphine) Capsule Slow-release (a) (Note: do not give via NG tubes)
Kaletra (combination) Tablet Film-coated
Kaon-CL-10 (potassium) Tablet Slow-release (b)
Kapidex (dexlansoprazole) Capsule Slow-release (a) (Note: name changed to Dexilant)
Kapvay (cloNIDine) Tablet Slow-release
Kazano (combination) Tablet Note: not scored; not studies available from company
K-Dur (potassium) Tablet Slow-release
Keppra (levETIRAcetam) Tablet Taste (b) (Note: some extemporaneous formulas are pharmacy prepared)
Keppra XR (levETIRAcetam) Tablet Slow-release (b)
Ketek (telithromycin) Tablet Slow-release (b)
Khedezla (desvenlafaxine) Tablet Slow-release
Klor-Con (potassium) Tablet Slow-release (b)
Klor-Con M (potassium) Tablet Slow-release (b.h)
Klotrix (potassium) Tablet Slow-release
K-Lyte (potassium) Tablet Effervescent tablet (f)
K-Lyte CL (potassium) Tablet Effervescent tablet (f)
K-Lyte DS (potassium) Tablet Effervescent tablet (f)
Kombiglyze XR (combination) Tablet Slow-release (Note: tablet matrix may remain in stool)
K-Tab (potassium) Tablet Slow-release (b)
LaMICtal XR (lamoTRIgine) Tablet Slow-release
Lenvima (lenvatinib) Capsule Note: may be dissolved in a small glass of liquid
Lescol XL (fluvastatin) Tablet Slow-release
Letairis (ambrisentan) Tablet Slow-release
Levbid (hyoscyamine) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Levsinex Timecaps (hyoscyamine) Capsule Slow-release
Lialda (mesalamine) Tablet Slow-release
Liquibid-PD (combination) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Lithobid (lithium) Tablet Slow-release
Lodrane 24 (brompheniramine) Capsule Slow-release
Lodrane 24D (combination) Capsule Slow-release
LoHist 12 Hour (brompheniramine) Tablet Slow-release
Lovaza (combination) Capsule Note: contents or capsule may erode walls of Styrofoam or plastic materials
Luvox CR (fluvoxaMINE) Capsule Slow-release
Maxifed DM (combination) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Maxifed DMX (combination) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Maxiphen DM (combination) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Medent-DM (combination) Tablet Slow-release
Mestinon ER (pyridostigmine) Tablet Slow-release (b)
Metadate CD (methylphenidate) Capsule Slow-release (a)
Metadate ER (methylphenidate) Tablet Slow-release
Methylin ER (methylphenidate) Tablet Slow-release
Metoprolol ER -------- Tablet Slow-release
Mirco K Extencaps (potassium chloride) Capsule Slow-release (a,b)
Miraphen PSE (combination) Tablet Slow-release
Morphabond (morphine) Tablet Slow-release (b)
Morphine sulfate extended-release -------- Tablet Slow-release
Motrin (ibuprofen) Tablet Taste (b.e)
Movantik (naloxegol) Tablet Film-coated
Moxatag (amoxicillin) Tablet Slow-release
MS Contin (morphine) Tablet Slow-release (b)
Mucinex (guaiFENesin) Tablet Slow-release
Mucinex DM (combination) Tablet Slow-release
Myfortic (mycophenolate) Tablet Slow-release
Myrbetriq (mirabegron) Tablet Slow-release
Namenda XR (memantine) Capsule Slow-release (a)
Namzaric (combination) Capsule Slow-release
Naprelan (naproxen) Tablet Slow-release
NexIUM (esomeprazole) Capsule Slow-release (a)
Niaspan (nicotinic acid) Tablet Slow-release
Nicotinic Acid -------- Capsule; Tablet Slow-release (h)
Nifediac CC (NIFEdipine) Tablet Slow-release
Nifedical XL (NIFEdipine) Tablet Slow-release
Nitrostat (nitroglycerin) Tablet Sublingual form (g)
Norflex ER (orphenadrine) Tablet Slow-release
Northera (droxidopa) Capsule Note: no studies available from company
Norpace CR (disopyramide) Capsule Slow-release form within a special capsule
Norvir (ritonavir) Tablet Note: crushing tablets has resulted in decreased bioavailability of drug (b)
Noxafil (posaconazole) Tablet Slow-release (b)
Nucynta ER (tapentadole) Tablet Slow-release (Note: crushing, chewing or dissolving tablets may result in overdose or death)
OFEV (nintedanib) Capsule Taste
Oleptro (traZODone) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Omtryg (omega-3-acid ethyl esters A) Capsule Note: contents of capsule may erode walls of Styrofoam or plastic materials
Opana ER (oxymorphone) Tablets Slow-release (Note: crushing, chewing or dissolving tablets may result in overdose or death)
Oracea (doxycycline) Capsule Slow-release
Oramorph SR (morphine) Tablet Slow-release (b)
Otezla (apremilast) Tablet Film-coated
OxyCONTIN (oxyCODONE) Tablet Slow-release (Note: tablet disruption may cause a potentially fatal overdose of oxyCODONE)
Pancreaze (pancrelipase) Capsule Enteric-coated (a)
Pancrecarb (pancrelipase) Capsule Enteric-coated (a)
Pancrelipase -------- Capsule Enteric-coated (a)
Paxil CR (PARoxetine) Tablet Slow-release
Pentasa (mesalamine) Capsule Slow-release
Pertyze (pancrelipase) Capsule Slow-release (a)
Plendil (felodipine) Tablet Slow-release
Pradaxa (dabigatran) Capsule Note: breaking, chewing, or emptying contents of the capsule can result in increased exposure.
Pre-Hist-D (combination) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Prevacid (lansoprazole) Capsule Slow-release
Prevacid SoluTab (lansoprazole) Tablet Note: orally disintegrating do not swallow; dissolve in water only and dispense via dosing syringe of NG tube
Prevacid Suspension (lansoprazole) Suspension Slow-release (Note: contains enteric-coated granules; mix with water only; not for NG use)
PriLOSEC (omeprazole) Capsule Slow-release
PriLOSEC OTC (omeprazole) Tablet Slow-release
Pristiq (desvenlafaxine) Tablet Slow-release
Procardia XL (NIFEdipine) Tablet Slow-release
Propecia (finasteride) Tablet Note: women who are, or may become, pregnant, should not handle crushed or broken tablets
Proquin XR (ciprofloxacin) Tablet Slow-release
Proscar (finasteride) Tablet Note: women who are, or may become, pregnant, should not handle crushed or broken tablets
Protonix (pantoprazole) Tablet Slow-release
PROzac Weekly (FLUoxetine) Tablet Entereic-coated
QDALL (combination) Capsule Slow-release
QDALL AR (combination) Capsule Slow-release
Qudexy XR (topiramate) Capsule Slow-release (a)
Ranexa (ranolazine) Tablet Slow-release
Rapamune (sirolimus) Tablet Note: pharmacokinetic parameters may be affected (b)
Rayaldee (calcifedol) Capsule Slow-release
Rayos (predniSONE) Tablet Slow-release (Note: delayed release is dependent on an intact coating)
Razadyne ER (galantamine) Capsule Slow-release
Renagel (sevelamer) Tablet Note: tablets expand in liquid if broken or crushed
Renvela (sevelamer carbonate) Tablet Note: tablets expand in liquid if broken or crushed
Requip XL (rOPINIRole) Tablet Slow-release
Rescon (combination) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Rescon JR (combination) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Rescon MX (combination) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Respahist (combination) Capsule Slow-release (a)
Respaire SR (combination) Capsule Slow-release
Revlimid (lenalidomide) Capsule Note: Teratogenic potential: health care workers should avoid contact with capsule contents/body fluids
Reyataz (atazanavir) Capsule Note: an oral powder is available; see prescribing information for administration instructions
Ritalin LA (methylphenidate) Capsule Slow-release (a)
Ritalin SR (methylphenidate) Tablet Slow-release
R-Tanna (combination) Tablet Slow-release
Rytary (combination) Capsule Slow-release (a)
Rythmol SR (propafenone) Capsule Slow-release
Ryzolt (traMADol) Tablet Slow-release (Note:crushing may cause overdose)
Sensipar (cinacalcet) Tablet Note: tablets are not scored and cutting may cause variable dosage accurace
SEROquel XR (QUEtiapine) Tablet Slow-release
Sinemet CR (levo/carbidopa) Tablet Slow-release (h)
SINUvent PE (combination) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Slo-Niacin (nicotonic acid) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Solodyn (minocycline) Tablet Slow-release
Somnote (chloral hydrate) Capsule Liquid filled
Sprycel (dasatinib) Tablet Film-coated (Note: active ingredients are surrounded by wax matrix to prevent heathcare exposure; women who are, or may become, pregnatn, should not handle crushed or broken tablet)
Strattera (atomoxetine) Capsule Note: capsule contents can cause ocular irritation
Sudafed 12 hour (combination) Capsule Slow-release (b)
Sudafed 24 hour (combination) Capsule Slow-release (b)
Sular (nisoldipine) Tablet Slow-release
Symax Duotab (hyoscyamine) Tablet Slow-release
Symax SR (hyoscyamine) Tablet Slow-release
Tagrisso (osimertinib) Tablet Note: tablet may be dissolved in 2 ounces of water
Targiniq ER (combination) Tablet Slow-release (Note: crushing, chewing or dissolving tablets can cause rapid release and absorption of a potentially fatal dose of oxyCODONE)
Tasinga (nilotinib) Capsule Note: disruption of capsule may yield high blood levels causing enhanced toxicity
Taztia XT (diltiazem) Capsule Slow-release (a)
Tecfidera (dimethyl fumarate) Capsule Slow-release
TEGretol-XR (carBAMazepine) Tablet Slow-release
Temodar (temozolomide) Capsule Slow-release (Note: accidentally opened or damaged capsules require rigorous precautions to avoid inhalation or contact with the skin or mucous membranes [i])
Tessalon Perles (benzonatate) Capsule Note: swallow whole; local anesthesia of the oral mucosa, choking could occur
Theo-24 (theophylline) Capsule Slow-release (Note: contains beads that dissolve throughout the GI tract)
Theochron (theophylline) Tablet Slow-release
Tiazac (diltiazen) Capsule Slow-release (a)
Topamax (topiramate) Capsule; Tablet Taste; Taste (a)
Toprol XL (metoprolol) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Touro CC-LD (combination) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Touro LA-LD (combination) Tablet Slow-release (h)
Toviaz (fesoterodine) Tablet Slow-release
Tracleer (bosentan) Tablet Note: women who are, or may become, pregnant, should not handle crushed or broken tablets
TRENtal (pentoxifylline) Tablet Slow-release
Treximet (combination) Tablet Note: unique drug matrix enhances rapid drug absoption
Trilipix (fenofibric acid) Capsule Slow-release
Tylenol Arthritis (acetaminophen) Tablet Slow-release
Uceris (budesonide) Tablet Slow-release (Note: film coating is designed to break down at or above pH of 7.0)
Ultram ER (traMADol) Tablet Slow-release (Note: tablet disruption may cause a potentially fatal overdose of drug)
Ultrase (pancrelipase) Capsule Enteric-coated
Ultresa (pancrelipase) Capsule Slow-release (a)
Uniphyl (theophylline) Tablet Slow-release
Uptravi (selexipag) Tablet Film-coated
Urocit-K (potassium citrate) Tablet Wax-coated; prevents upper GI release
Uroxatral (alfuzosin) Tablet Slow-release
Valcyte (vanGANCiclovir) Tablet Teratogenic and irritant potential (i, b)
Verapamil SR -------- Tablet Slow-release (h)
Verelan (verapamil) Capsule Slow-release (a)
Verelan PM (verapamil) Capsule Slow-release (a)
VESIcare (solifenacin) Tablet Enteric-coated
Videx EC (didanosine) Capsule Slow-release
Viekira XR (combination) Tablet Slow-release
Vimovo (combination) Tablet Slow-release
Viokace (pancrelipase) Tablet Mucous membrane irritant
Viramune XR (nevirapine) Tablet Slow-release (b)
Voltaren XR (diclofenac) Tablet Slow-release
VoSpire ER (albuterol) Tablet Slow-release
Votrient (pazopanib) Tablet Note: crushing significantly increases the AUC and Tmax
Wellbutrin SR, XL (buPROPion) Tablet Slow-release
Xanax XR (ALPRAZolam) Tablet Slow-release
Xarelto (rivaroxaban) Tablet Note: crushed tablet must be gien within 4 hours
Xartemis XR (combination) Tablet Slow-release (Note: crushing, chewing or dissolving tablets can cause rapid release and absoption of a potentially fatal dose)
Xeljanz XR (tofacitinib) Tablet Slow-release
Xigduo XR (combination) Tablet Slow-release
Xtampza ER (oxycodone) Tablet Slow-release (b)
Zegerid (combination) Capsule Slow-release (b)
Zenpep (pancrelipase) Capsule Slow-release (b)
Zohydro ER (HYDROcodone) Capsule Slow-release (Note: crushing, chewing or dissolving capsules may result in overdose or death)
Zolinza (vorinostat) Capsule Note: irritant; avoid contact with skin or mucous membranes; avoid contact with crushed or broken tablets
Zortress (everolimus) Tablet Note: crushed powder may cause mucous membrane irritation
Zyban (buPROPion) Tablet Slow-release
Zydelig (idelalisib) Tablet Note: not scored; film-coated
Zyflo CR (zileuton) Tablet Slow-release

(a) Capsule may be opened and the contentstaken without crushing or chewing; soft food such as applesauce or pudding may facilitate administration; contents may generally be administered via nasogastric tube using an appropriate fluid provided entire contents are washed down the tube.
(b) Liquid dosage forms of the product are available; however, dose, frequency of administration and manufacturers may differ from that of the solid dosage form.
(c) Antacids and/or milk may prematurely dissolve the coating of the tablet.
(d) Capsule may be opened and the liquid contentsremoved for administration.
(e) The taste of this product form would likely be unacceptable to the patient; administration via nasogastric tube should be acceptable.
(f) Effervescent tablets must be dissolved in the amount of diluent recommended by the manufacturer.
(g) Tablets are made to disintegrate under the tongue.
(h) Tablet is scored and may be broken in half without affecting release characteristics.
(i) Skin contact may enhance tumor production; avoid direct contact.

Disclaimer: This list is not meant to represent all products, either by generic or trade name. While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information presented in this chart, the reader is advised that the authors, editor, or publisher cannot be responsible for the currency of the information, for any errors or omissions, or for any consequences that may arise. Two official USP terms are used to designate special-release medication forms: "extended release" and "delayed release." Others (e.g., sustained release, controlled release) are commonly used on package labeling. The term "Slow-release" is being used here to signify all such drugs with a special-release mechanism.

© ISMP 2016. Permission is granted to reproduce material for internal use within healthcare organizations.

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