FDA Safety Alerts
for Drugs and Medication-Related Medical Devices
Drugs and Therapeutic Biological Products
Warfarin 2 mg Tablets by Zydus Pharmaceuticals USA Inc.: Recall - Due to Oversized Tablets
Zydus Pharmaceuticals USA Inc. is voluntarily recalling one lot of Warfarin 2 mg Tablets, Lot #MM5767, expiration date June 2014 to the retail level. Four tablets of Warfarin 2 mg Tablets, Lot MM5767, have been found to be oversized in one product complaint.
Ingestion of a greater than intended dose of Warfarin, could lead to an increased pharmacological effect of warfarin. As a result, patients would be more likely to develop bleeding as an adverse reaction and in some patients that bleeding into a critical organ (mostly the central nervous system) could be fatal. The risk of bleeding is increased if overdosing is repeated continuously on a daily basis.
The product is used as prophylaxis and treatment of venous thrombosis and its extension, pulmonary embolism (PE), prophylaxis and treatment of thromboembolic complications associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) and/or cardiac valve replacement and reduction in the risk of death, recurrent myocardial infarction (MI), and thromboembolic events such as stroke or systemic embolization after myocardial infarction. Product is packaged in HDPE Bottle of 1000''s count, which may have been dispensed to patients in smaller bottles. The only lot affected of Warfarin 2 mg Tablets being recalled is Lot MM5767.
The product can be identified by its NDC #6838205310. The product was distributed nationwide in the United States to wholesalers/distributors, retailers and mail order providers, from November 2012 to December 2012.
Consumers should contact their physician or healthcare provider if they have experienced any problems that may be related to taking or using this particular lot of Warfarin 2 mg Tablets.
Anyone with an existing inventory of this particular Lot MM5767 of Warfarin 2 mg Tablets should stop use and distribution, quarantine the recalled lots immediately and call INMAR at 1-800-967-5952 between the hours of 7 a.m. to 4 p.m. CST, Monday through Friday, to arrange for their return. In case patients have tablets of this lot of product, make sure all the tablets are of same size and if unsure, patients should consult their dispensing pharmacy.
Olympia Pharmacy Sterile Compounded Products: Recall - Concerns About Sterility Assurance
Lowlite Investments d/b/a Olympia Pharmacy ("Lowlite") notified the public of a voluntary multi-state recall of all sterile drug products compounded by the pharmacy that have not reached the expiration date listed on the product. The recall is being initiated due to concerns associated with prior quality control procedures that impacted sterility assurance. In the event a sterile product is compromised patients are at risk for serious and possible life threatening infections.
The recall includes all sterile products that Olympia Pharmacy supplied to patients and offices of licensed medical professionals with a use by date of 09/25/2013 or earlier. Olympia Pharmacy will be notifying customers by phone, fax, or mail to return the products to the pharmacy.
To date, Lowlite has received no reports of injury or illness associated with the use of the affected products.
Consumers or health care providers with questions regarding this recall may contact Lowlite by phone at 888-323-7788 or 407-673-2222 from the hours of 9:00AM- 6:00PM Eastern Daylight Time Monday through Friday, or at the following e-mail address: Brian@olympiapharmacy.com. Patients who have received any product furnished by Lowlite and have concerns should contact their healthcare provider.
Magnesium Sulfate: Drug Safety Communication - Recommendation Against Prolonged Use in Pre-term Labor
FDA is advising health care professionals against using magnesium sulfate injection for more than 5-7 days to stop pre-term labor in pregnant women. Administration of magnesium sulfate injection to pregnant women longer than 5-7 days may lead to low calcium levels and bone problems in the developing baby or fetus, including thin bones (osteopenia), and fractures. The shortest duration of treatment that can result in harm to the baby is not known. See the Data Summary in the Drug Safety Communication for additional information.
This use of the drug is off-label, and is not an FDA-approved use of the drug. Magnesium sulfate is approved to prevent seizures in preeclampsia, a condition in which the pregnant woman develops high blood pressure and protein in the urine, and for control of seizures in eclampsia. Both preeclampsia and eclampsia are life-threatening complications that can occur during pregnancy. Preeclampsia can lead to eclampsia, seizures, stroke, multiple organ failure, and death of the woman and/or baby.
In light of this new safety information about low calcium levels and bone problems in the developing baby, the following information is being added to the drug label for Magnesium Sulfate Injection, USP 50%:
A new Warning stating that continuous administration of magnesium sulfate injection beyond 5-7 days in pregnancy for the treatment of pre-term labor can cause low calcium levels and bone changes in the baby.
A new Teratogenic Effects section conveying the potential harm to developing babies by changing the Pregnancy Category to D from A. Pregnancy Category D means there is positive evidence of human fetal risk, but the potential benefits from using the drug in pregnant women may be acceptable in certain situations despite its risks.
A new Labor and Delivery section emphasizing that continuous administration of magnesium sulfate injection to treat pre-term labor is not approved and that the safety and efficacy of use for this indication are not established. When used in pregnant women for conditions other than its approved indication, magnesium sulfate injection should be administered only by trained obstetrical personnel in a hospital setting with appropriate obstetrical care facilities.
Pregnant women should discuss with their health care professional the possibility of going into labor before term and the risks and benefits of any treatments that may be used.
Main Street Family Pharmacy in Tennessee: FDA Alerts Health Care Providers of Adverse Reactions Associated with Steroid Injections
Main Street Family Pharmacy, LLC has announced a voluntary nationwide recall of all lots of all sterile products compounded by the pharmacy. The compounded products that are subject to the recall are those with a use by date on or before November 20, 2013. The recall is being initiated due to seven (7) reported cases of adverse events in the form of skin abscesses, one of which appears to be fungal in nature. An investigation into the exact source of the adverse events is still ongoing.
These products were supplied to the offices of licensed medical professionals and patients. Sterile products included in this withdrawal were distributed nationwide.
All Sterile Drug Products Made and Distributed By NuVision Pharmacy Dallas Facility: Recall - Lack Of Sterility Assurance
FDA is alerting health care providers of concerns about a lack of sterility assurance of all sterile drug products made and distributed by NuVision Pharmacy of Dallas, Texas. The FDA is basing this expanded alert on a recent inspection of the NuVision Dallas facility, during which FDA investigators observed poor sterile production practices that raise concerns about a lack of sterility assurance of the company’s sterile drug products. The agency is not aware of any additional adverse event reports associated with other sterile products from NuVision.
In April 2013, NuVision recalled Methylcobalamin injection and lyophilized injection products due to a lack of sterility assurance and concerns associated with the quality control processes identified during the FDA inspection. The FDA received adverse event reports of fever, flu-like symptoms, and soreness at the injection site associated with the Methylcobalamin injection product that was previously recalled.
For all sterile products from NuVision, the FDA recommends that health care providers and other health care professionals, including hospital staff, immediately check their medical supplies for NuVision sterile products, quarantine those products, and not administer them to patients. Patients who were administered any sterile drug products produced and distributed by NuVision and who have concerns should contact their health care provider.
Compounded Prescription Therapies By Pentec Health Inc.: Recall - Lack Of Sterility Assurance
Pentec Health, Inc. initiated a limited, voluntary recall of in-date nutritional prescriptions for renal patients due to lack of sterility assurance associated with one of its laminar flow hoods used in compounding. Pentec Health has received no reports of injury or illness associated with any of the prescriptions subject to this recall. However, because patients are at increased risk of infection in the event a sterile product is compromised, the pharmacy is recalling any unused product whose beyond-use date has not passed.
These renal therapies were supplied to renal dialysis centers and directly to patients. Pentec Health is directly notifying each dialysis center and in-home dialysis patient of the recall. Prescriptions for a total of 163 patients are included in the scope of this recall. The recall covers renal therapies that were compounded in this hood on or before May 2, 2013. Sterility tests associated with the compounding hood involved, as well as testing of finished products made in the hood, have shown sterility.
Consumers or health care providers with questions regarding this recall may contact Pentec Health by phone at 800-223-4376, prompt 7, or e-mail at email@example.com, Monday through Friday, between 9:00 am and 8:00 pm EDT. Patients who have received any prescriptions prepared by Pentec Health and have concerns should contact their health care provider.
The Compounding Shop: FDA News Release - Lack of Sterility Assurance of Drug Products
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is alerting health care providers, hospital supply managers, and pharmacists that the FDA’s preliminary findings of practices at The Compounding Shop of St. Petersburg, Fla., raise concerns about a lack of sterility assurance for sterile drugs produced at and distributed from this site. Therefore, these products should not be administered to patients. If a drug product marketed as sterile has microbial contamination, it potentially places patients at risk of serious infection.
The FDA has advised the firm that it is in the best interest of public health to take action to remove all sterile products from the market. The Compounding Shop has informed the FDA that it is recalling sterile products and is in the process of notifying customers.
The FDA is basing this warning on a recent inspection of The Compounding Shop. The investigators observed poor sterile production practices that raise concerns about a lack of sterility assurance of The Compounding Shop’s sterile drug products.
Health care providers and hospital staff should immediately check their medical supplies, quarantine any sterile products from The Compounding Shop, not administer them to patients, and await further instructions from the company regarding the recalled products. Patients who have received any product produced by The Compounding Shop and have concerns should contact their health care provider.
Kadcyla (ado-trastuzumab emtansine): Drug Safety Communication - Potential Medication Errors Resulting from Name Confusion
The FDA notified health care professionals that the use of the incorrect nonproprietary name for the breast cancer drug Kadcyla (ado-trastuzumab emtansine) in some medication-related electronic systems poses a risk of mix-up with Herceptin (trastuzumab) and may result in medication errors. The dosing and treatment schedules for Kadcyla and Herceptin, another breast cancer drug, are quite different, so confusion between these products could lead to dosing errors and potential harm to patients.
The FDA-approved nonproprietary name for Kadcyla, ado-trastuzumab emtansine, should be used. However, some third-party publications, compendia references, health information systems (e.g., electronic health record systems and systems used for pharmacy prescription processing, wholesaler ordering, pharmacy ordering, etc.), and sites on the Internet are incorrectly using the United States Adopted Name (USAN), which is “trastuzumab emtansine,” and omitting the “ado” prefix and hyphen. Use of this truncated version of Kadcyla’s nonproprietary name may cause confusion with Herceptin (trastuzumab).
It is important for drug information content publishers to identify drug products by the FDA-approved proprietary (brand) and nonproprietary names that are used in FDA-approved drug labels. This will help prevent medication errors and ensure adverse events are reported for the correct product.
No medication errors related to confusion between Kadcyla and Herceptin have been reported to FDA since approval of Kadcyla on February 22, 2013; however medication errors did occur during the clinical trials that evaluated its safety and efficacy prior to approval.
Kadcyla is used to treat HER2-positive breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body in patients who have received prior treatment with Herceptin (trastuzumab) and a taxane chemotherapy. Kadcyla is made up of trastuzumab, an anti-HER2 therapy, connected to a drug called DM1 that interferes with cancer cell growth.
Health care professionals should use both the FDA-approved proprietary (brand) name Kadcyla and its nonproprietary name (ado-trastuzumab emtansine) when communicating medication orders, on preprinted order sets, and in computerized order entry systems. Such redundancy may help to reduce the potential for medication errors. Additionally, strategies should be employed to warn against confusion between Kadcyla (ado-trastuzumab emtansine) and Herceptin (trastuzumab) in medication-related computer systems.
Samsca (Tolvaptan): Drug Safety Communication - FDA Limits Duration and Usage Due To Possible Liver Injury Leading to Organ Transplant or Death
FDA has determined that the drug Samsca (tolvaptan) should not be used for longer than 30 days and should not be used in patients with underlying liver disease because it can cause liver injury, potentially leading to liver transplant or death. FDA has worked with the manufacturer to revise the Samsca drug label to include new limitations.
Samsca is a selective vasopression V2-receptor antagonist indicated for the treatment of clinically significant hypervolemic and euvolemic hyponatremia, including patients with heart failure and Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone (SIADH). An increased risk of liver injury was observed in recent large clinical trials evaluating Samsca for a new use in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD).
Samsca treatment should be stopped if the patient develops signs of liver disease. Treatment duration should be limited to 30 days or less, and use should be avoided in patients with underlying liver disease, including cirrhosis. Patients should be aware that Samsca may cause liver problems, including life-threatening liver failure, and should contact their health care professional to discuss any questions or concerns about Samsca.
Potiga (Ezogabine): Drug Safety Communication - Linked To Retinal Abnormalities And Blue Skin Discoloration
FDA is warning the public that the anti-seizure medication Potiga (Ezogabine) can cause blue skin discoloration and eye abnormalities characterized by pigment changes in the retina. FDA does not currently know if these changes are reversible. FDA is working with the manufacturer to gather and evaluate all available information to better understand these events. FDA will update the public when more information is available.
Potiga is approved as adjunctive (added on to other anti-seizure medications) treatment of partial-onset seizures in adult patients 18 years and older. The skin discoloration in the reported cases appeared as blue pigmentation, predominantly on or around the lips or in the nail beds of the fingers or toes, but more widespread involvement of the face and legs has also been reported. Scleral and conjunctival discoloration, on the white of the eye and inside eyelids, has been observed as well. The skin discoloration generally occurred after four years of treatment with Potiga, but has appeared sooner in some patients. In some cases, retinal abnormalities have been observed in the absence of skin discoloration.
All patients taking Potiga should have a baseline eye exam and periodic eye exams that should include visual acuity testing and dilated fundus photography, and may include fluorescein angiograms (FA), ocular coherence tomography (OCT), perimetry, and electroretinograms (ERG). Patients who are taking Potiga and develop any changes in your vision or any discoloration of your skin, including of your lips and nail beds should contact their health care professional right away. Patients should not stop taking Potiga without talking to their health care professional. Stopping such treatment suddenly can cause serious and life-threatening medical problems such as recurrence of seizures.
All Sterile Compounded Products by Nora Apothecary And Alternative Therapies: Recall - Lack of Sterility Assurance
Nora Apothecary & Alternative Therapies announced a voluntary multi-state recall of all sterile drug products compounded by the pharmacy that have not reached the expiration date listed on the product. The recall is being initiated due to concerns associated with quality control processes that present a lack of sterility assurance and were observed during a recent FDA inspection
The recall includes sterile products that Nora Apothecary & Alternative Therapies supplied to patients and offices of licensed medical professionals. Specifically, the recall includes approximately 95 dosage units of sterile compounded products that the pharmacy supplied to offices of twelve licensed medical professionals located within Indiana. Some patients that received products from those medical professionals may be live in states other than Indiana. The recall also includes approximately 400 prescriptions compounded for patients within Indiana and four other states: four prescriptions for patients in Illinois; and one prescription each for patients in Ohio, Florida and Tennessee. See the firm press release for a list of products.
The compounded products that are subject to the recall are those products within their expiration date that were compounded and dispensed by the pharmacy on or before Friday, April 19, 2013. To date, Nora has received no reports of injury or illness associated with the use of our sterile products.
Consumers or health care providers with questions regarding this recall may contact Nora Apothecary & Alternative Therapies by phone at 800-729-0276 or 317-251-9547 from the hours of 9:30AM- 6:00PM Eastern Daylight Time Monday through Friday, or at the following e-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org. Patients who have received any product furnished by Nora Apothecary & Alternative Therapies and have concerns should contact their healthcare provider.
Balanced Solutions All Sterile Compounded Products: Recall - Lack of Sterility Assurance
Balanced Solutions Compounding Pharmacy, LLC announced a voluntary recall of all lots of sterile products compounded by the pharmacy that are not expired. The recall is being initiated due to concerns associated with quality control processes, which present a lack of sterility assurance. Patients are at increased risk for infections in the event a sterile product is compromised. See the Press Release for a listing of affected products.
These products were supplied to the offices of licensed medical professionals and patients. Sterile products included in this withdrawal were furnished nationwide. The sterile products include all injectables with the Balanced Solutions Compounding Pharmacy name.
Consumers or Health Care providers with questions regarding this recall may contact Balanced Solutions Compounding Pharmacy, LLC by phone at 407-936-2998 or 877-306-0008 from the hours of 9:30AM- 6:00PM Eastern Standard Time Monday-Friday or e-mail address at email@example.com. Patients who have received any product furnished by Balanced Solutions Compounding Pharmacy and have concerns should contact their healthcare provider.
Lyophilized Products Compounded by NuVision Pharmacy: Recall - Sterility Assurance Concerns
NuVision Pharmacy is voluntarily recalling all unexpired lots of lyophilized compounds HcG 5000IU-5ml and Sermorelin/GHRH6-5ml to the user level. The recall is being initiated due to a lack of sterility assurance and concerns associated with the quality control processes identified during the FDA inspection.
These products were supplied to the offices of licensed medical professionals. NuVision Pharmacy’s sterile products covered under this recall were distributed nationwide. To date, NuVision Pharmacy has received no reports of injury or illness associated with the use of our sterile products. However, out of abundance of caution and in the interest of our patients, NuVision Pharmacy has decided to voluntarily proceed with this recall process.
NuVision Pharmacy is notifying its customers by fax or email to return the products to the pharmacy. Consumers or Health Care providers with questions regarding this recall may contact NuVision Pharmacy by phone at 800-914-7435 on Monday through Friday from the hours of 10 am to 6 pm CST, or by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org. Patients who have received any product distributed by NuVision Pharmacy and have concerns should contact their healthcare provider.
Sterile Products Compounded, Repackaged, and Distributed by ApothéCure: Recall - Sterility Assurance Concerns
ApothéCure, Inc. is voluntarily recalling all lots of sterile products compounded by the pharmacy that are not expired to the user level. The recall is being initiated due to the lack of sterility assurance and concerns associated with the quality control processes
The sterile products include all injectables with the clear message, “Independently tested for sterility,” noted on the vials as well as the Apothe’Cure name. ApothéCure’s sterile products covered under this recall were distributed nationwide and supplied to the offices of licensed medical professionals. To date, ApothéCure, Inc. has received no reports of injury or illness associated with the use of our sterile products. However, out of abundance of caution and in the interest of our patients, ApothéCure, Inc. has decided to voluntarily proceed with this recall process.
Consumers or Health Care providers with questions regarding this recall may contact ApothéCure, Inc. by phone at 800-969-6601 or 972-960-6601 from the hours of 9:30AM-6PM central time Monday-Friday or e-mail address at email@example.com. Patients who have received any product distributed by Apothe’Cure and have concerns should contact their healthcare provider.
Green Valley Drugs: Recall of All Lots of All Sterile Products - Quality Control Concerns
Green Valley Drugs notified healthcare professionals and their organizations about the recall of all lots of all sterile products compounded, repackaged, and distributed by the pharmacy due to lack of sterility assurance and concerns associated with the quality control processes. A full list of the recalled products (name, lot # and Beyond Use date) is linked from the press release or can be accessed at greenvalleymed.com. Green Valley Drugs sterile products covered under this recall were distributed nationwide.
The recall of sterile products is conducted based on observations of clean room personnel and certain aseptic techniques. Green Valley has received no reports of injury or illness associated with the use of the products.
Until further notice, healthcare providers should stop using all lots of sterile products and return them to the company. Consumers or healthcare providers with questions regarding this recall may contact Green Valley Drugs by phone at 702-564-2079 Monday through Friday between the hours of 9 am to 5 pm PST, or by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org. Patients who have received any product distributed by Green Valley Drugs and have concerns should contact their healthcare provider.
Palimed Solutions, Inc. Sterile Compound Products: Recall - Visible Particulates Observed
Pallimed Solutions, Inc. of Woburn, MA, doing business as Pallimed Pharmacy, is voluntarily recalling all sterile compound products dispensed since January 1, 2013 to the user level, including all strengths, all dose forms, and all products within expiry date. Recent inspections conducted by the FDA and the Massachusetts Board of Registration in Pharmacy found visible particulates (filaments) observed in vials of several different sterile compounded products. See the Press Release for a listing of all products affected by this recall.
The potential public health risks are unknown as the particulate matter has not yet been identified. However, particulate matter has the potential to damage or obstruct blood vessels, which could induce emboli, cause systemic allergic reaction, or cause tissue responses to the foreign material.
The products are used for a wide range of therapeutic uses, including for treatment of erectile dysfunction, testosterone replacement therapy, vitamin injections, and ophthalmic preparations. All products are packaged in glass vials. All products were distributed to patients and/or physicians’ offices through Friday, March 22, 2013.
Products were distributed directly to patients and/or physicians’ offices located in some or all of the following states: California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, and Wisconsin.
Users or recipients should discontinue use and return the recalled products to Pallimed. All users who received any of the recalled products have been or will be notified by telephone, fax, electronic mail and/or regular mail of the recall. To return product, request assistance, or report complaints related to this recall, users should contact Pallimed at www.pallimed.com and by telephone at (781) 937-3344, Monday through Friday, between 10:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m.
Clinical Specialties Compounding Pharmacy Products: Recall - All Sterile Products Recalled Due To Lack of Sterility Assurance
Clinical Specialties is voluntarily recalling all lots of all sterile products repackaged and distributed by the pharmacy due to lack of sterility assurance. The recall of all sterile products is conducted in follow-up to concerns regarding practices at the site which cannot assure the sterility of the products.
This expanded recall follows the firm’s initial recall of Avastin on March 18, 2013, due to reports of five patients who have been diagnosed with serious eye infections associated with the use of the product. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) notified the FDA of these endophthalmitis infections, which occur inside the eyeball. Endophthalmitis after intravitreal injection is a serious complication that can lead to permanent loss of vision. Clinical Specialties Compounding sterile products covered under this recall were distributed nationwide between October 19, 2012 and March 19, 2013.
Until further notice, health care providers should stop using all sterile products distributed by Clinical Specialties Compounding and return them to the company. Consumers or Health Care providers with questions regarding this recall may contact Clinical Specialties by phone at 866.880.1915 Monday through Friday between the hours of 10 am to 5 pm EST, or e-mail at email@example.com. Patients who have received any product distributed by Clinical Specialties Compounding and have concerns should contact their healthcare provider.
Avastin Unit Dose Syringes by Clinical Specialties: Recall - Potential For Serious Eye Infection
Clinical Specialties is voluntarily recalling Avastin unit dose syringes. The product has or potentially could result in an infection within the eye. Clinical Specialties has received reports of five intra-ocular infections from physician’s office and this is how the problem was identified.
This product was being used solely as an off label use by an ophthalmologist for macular degeneration and is packaged in sterile syringes (see Press Release for a list of lot numbers). This product would be administered by a licensed physician in a surgery or physician’s office setting and syringes were distributed to doctors’ offices in Georgia, Louisiana, South Carolina, and Indiana from December 18, 2012 to present.
Doctors that have product which is being recalled should stop using the Avastin immediately. Consumers with questions regarding this recall may contact Clinical Specialties by phone at 866-880-1915 or e-mail address at firstname.lastname@example.org Monday through Friday between the hours of 10 am to 5 pm EST. Consumers should contact their physician or healthcare provider if they have experienced any problems that may be related to taking or using this drug product.
Azithromycin (Zithromax or Zmax): Drug Safety Communication - Risk of Potentially Fatal Heart Rhythms
FDA is warning the public that azithromycin (Zithromax or Zmax) can cause abnormal changes in the electrical activity of the heart that may lead to a potentially fatal irregular heart rhythm. Patients at particular risk for developing this condition include those with known risk factors such as existing QT interval prolongation, low blood levels of potassium or magnesium, a slower than normal heart rate, or use of certain drugs used to treat abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmias. FDA has issued a Drug Safety Communication today as a result of our review of a study by medical researchers as well as another study by a manufacturer of the drug that assessed the potential for azithromycin to cause abnormal changes in the electrical activity of the heart.
FDA previously released a Statement on May 17, 2012, about a study that compared the risks of cardiovascular death in patients treated with the antibacterial drugs azithromycin, amoxicillin, ciprofloxacin (Cipro), and levofloxacin (Levaquin), or no antibacterial drug. The study reported an increase in cardiovascular deaths, and in the risk of death from any cause, in persons treated with a 5-day course of azithromycin (Zithromax) compared to persons treated with amoxicillin, ciprofloxacin, or no drug. The risks of cardiovascular death associated with levofloxacin treatment were similar to those associated with azithromycin treatment.
Azithromycin is marketed under the brand names Zithromax and Zmax. FDA-approved indications for azithromycin include: acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, acute bacterial sinusitis, community-acquired pneumonia, pharyngitis/tonsillitis, uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections, urethritis and cervicitis, genital ulcer disease.
Health care professionals should consider the risk of torsades de pointes and fatal heart rhythms with azithromycin when considering treatment options for patients who are already at risk for cardiovascular events. FDA notes that the potential risk of QT prolongation with azithromycin should be placed in appropriate context when choosing an antibacterial drug: Alternative drugs in the macrolide class, or non-macrolides such as the fluoroquinolones, also have the potential for QT prolongation or other significant side effects that should be considered when choosing an antibacterial drug.
Omontys (peginesatide) Injection by Affymax and Takeda: Recall of All Lots - Serious Hypersensitivity Reactions
Affymax, Inc. and Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited along with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are informing the public of a voluntary recall of all lots of OMONTYS® (peginesatide) Injection to the user level as a result of new postmarketing reports regarding serious hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, which can be life-threatening or fatal.
To date, fatal reactions have been reported in approximately 0.02% of patients following the first dose of intravenous administration. The reported serious hypersensitivity reactions have occurred within 30 minutes after such administration of Omontys. There have been no reports of such reactions following subsequent dosing, or in patients who have completed their dialysis session. Since launch, more than 25,000 patients have received Omontys in the postmarketing setting. The rate of overall hypersensitivity reactions reported is approximately 0.2% with approximately a third of these being serious in nature including anaphylaxis requiring prompt medical intervention and in some cases hospitalization.
Omontys (peginesatide) Injection is indicated for the treatment of anemia due to chronic kidney disease in adult patients on dialysis and is packaged in 10 mg and 20 mg Multi-dose vials:
10mg Multi-dose Vials - NDC 64764-610-10 Lots C18685, C18881, C19258
20mg Multi-dose vials - NDC 64764-620-20 Lots C18686, C18696
All lots of Omontys are affected by this recall and distributed nationwide, including Puerto Rico and Guam, to dialysis centers via specialty distributors.
Dialysis organizations are instructed to discontinue use. Customers will be provided instructions on how to return the product to the manufacturer for a refund. For customers with questions, please call 1-855-466-6689, 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time, Monday through Friday.
Samsca (tolvaptan): Drug Warning - Potential Risk of Liver Injury
Otsuka and FDA notified healthcare professionals of significant liver injury associated with the use of Samsca. In a double-blind, 3-year, placebo-controlled trial in about 1400 patients with Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) and its open-label extension trial, 3 patients treated with the drug developed significant increases in serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) with concomitant, clinically significant increases in serum total bilirubin. In the trials the maximum daily dose of Samsca administered (90 mg in the morning and 30 mg in the afternoon) was higher than the maximum 60 mg daily dose approved for the treatment of hyponatremia.
Most of the liver enzyme abnormalities were observed during the first 18 months of therapy. Following discontinuation of treatment, all 3 patients improved. An external panel of liver experts assessed these 3 cases as being either probably or highly likely to be caused by tolvaptan. These findings indicate that Samsca (tolvaptan) has the potential to cause irreversible and potentially fatal liver injury. These data are not adequate to exclude the possibility that patients receiving Samsca for its indicated use of clinically significant hypervolemic and euvolemic hyponatremia are at a potential increased risk for irreversible and potentially fatal liver injury.
Samsca is a selective vasopressin V2-receptor antagonist indicated for the treatment of clinically significant hypervolemic and euvolemic hyponatremia. Samsca is not approved for the treatment of ADPKD.
Healthcare providers should perform liver tests promptly in patients who report symptoms that may indicate liver injury, including fatigue, anorexia, right upper abdominal discomfort, dark urine or jaundice. If hepatic injury is suspected, Samsca should be promptly discontinued, appropriate treatment should be instituted, and investigations should be performed to determine probable cause. Samsca should not be re-initiated in patients unless the cause for the observed liver injury is definitively established to be unrelated to treatment with Samsca.
Pradaxa (dabigatran etexilate mesylate) - Should Not Be Used in Patients with Mechanical Prosthetic Heart Valves
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is informing health care professionals and the public that the blood thinner (anticoagulant) Pradaxa (dabigatran etexilate mesylate) should not be used to prevent stroke or blood clots (major thromboembolic events) in patients with mechanical heart valves, also known as mechanical prosthetic heart valves. A clinical trial in Europe (the RE-ALIGN trial)1 was recently stopped because Pradaxa users were more likely to experience strokes, heart attacks, and blood clots forming on the mechanical heart valves than were users of the anticoagulant warfarin. There was also more bleeding after valve surgery in the Pradaxa users than in the warfarin users.
Pradaxa is not approved for patients with atrial fibrillation caused by heart valve problems. FDA is requiring a contraindication (a warning against use) of Pradaxa in patients with mechanical heart valves.
Pradaxa is a blood-thinning medication used to reduce the risk of stroke and blood clots in patients with a specific condition called non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF), a common heart rhythm abnormality that causes the upper chambers of the heart, or atria, to beat rapidly and irregularly. Pradaxa is not indicated for patients with atrial fibrillation caused by heart valve problems.
Health care professionals should promptly transition any patient with a mechanical heart valve who is taking Pradaxa to another medication. The use of Pradaxa in patients with another type of valve replacement made of natural biological tissue, known as a bioprosthetic valves, has not been evaluated and cannot be recommended. Patients with all types of prosthetic heart valve replacements taking Pradaxa should talk to their health care professional as soon as possible to determine the most appropriate anticoagulation treatment. Patients should not stop taking anticoagulant medications without guidance from their health care professional; stopping Pradaxa or other anticoagulants suddenly can increase the risk of blood clots and stroke.
Heparin: Drug Safety Communication - Important change to heparin container labels to clearly state the total drug strength
FDA is notifying health care professionals, caregivers, and patients about a change to the container and carton labels for heparin products.
This label change will require manufacturers of Heparin Lock Flush Solution, USP and Heparin Sodium Injection, USP to clearly state the strength of the entire container of the medication followed by how much of the medication is in 1 milliliter (mL). These modifications will eliminate the need for health care professionals to calculate the total amount of heparin medication in a product containing more than 1 mL, thereby reducing the risk of miscalculations that may result in medication errors.
Heparin is used to prevent blood clots from forming in people who have certain medical conditions or who are undergoing certain medical procedures that may increase the chance that clots will form, or to stop the growth of clots that have already formed in the blood vessels and to prevent blood clots from forming in catheters that are left in veins over a period of time.
Health care professionals, caregivers, and patients should be aware that that there will be a transition period before and after the official implementation date on May 1, 2013, during which both the current heparin container labels and the revised heparin container labels will be available in the marketplace. To minimize the potential for medication errors, users should consider separating the supplies of “current” and “revised” labeled heparin, and use all of the supplies of the “current” heparin before using products with the “revised” container label.
OTC Eye Drops and Nasal Sprays: Serious Adverse Events From Accidental Ingestion by Children
FDA is warning healthcare professionals and the public that accidental ingestion by children of over-the-counter eye drops used to relieve redness and nasal decongestant sprays can result in serious and life-threatening adverse events. The eye drops and nasal sprays that have been involved in the cases of accidental ingestion contain the active ingredients tetrahydrozoline, oxymetazoline, or naphazoline. The cases of accidental ingestion reviewed by FDA occurred in children 5 years of age and younger. No deaths were reported; however, serious events requiring hospitalization such as nausea, vomiting, lethargy, tachycardia, decreased respiration, bradycardia, hypotension, hypertension, sedation, somnolence, mydriasis, stupor, hypothermia, drooling, and coma have occurred. Ingestion of only a small amount (1-2 mL; for reference, there are 5 mL in a teaspoon) of the eye drops or nasal spray can lead to serious adverse events in young children.
Most of these redness-relief eye drops and nasal decongestant sprays currently do not come packaged with child-resistant closures, so children can accidentally ingest the drug if the bottles are within easy reach. These products are sold under various brand names, as generics, and as store brands (see List of Products, included in the Drug Safety Communication, below).
Consumers should store these products out of reach of children at all times. If a child accidentally swallows these eye drops or nasal decongestant spray, call the National Capital Poison Center (1-800-222-1222) and seek emergency medical care immediately.
Fungal Meningitis Outbreak: FDA provides NECC Customer List
FDA is making available two lists of customers (consignees) who received products that were shipped on or after May 21, 2012 from New England Compounding Center’s Framingham, MA facility. The first list includes customer names and addresses, organized by state. The second list contains the same basic information as the first list, but is organized alphabetically by customer name and also includes the specific products shipped, the quantities of product shipped, and the shipping date. The lists were prepared based on information provided by NECC, and FDA cannot vouch for the completeness or accuracy of the lists. Products shipped by NECC may be missing from the list and facility information may be incomplete. Nevertheless, this is the best information we have available, at this time, to help inform facilities and healthcare providers of NECC products shipped to their facilities since May 21, 2012.
FDA is reiterating and updating its previous recommendation that follow-up with patients be done when the following three conditions are met:
• The medication was an injectable product purchased from or produced by NECC, including an ophthalmic drug that is injectable or used in conjunction with eye surgery, or a cardioplegic solution,
• The medication was shipped by NECC on or after May 21, 2012, and
• The medication was administered to patients on or after May 21, 2012.
Since the May 21, 2012 date is the date the first of three lots of methylprednisolone acetate implicated in the current outbreak was produced, products produced and shipped by NECC on or after May 21, 2012 are believed at this time to be of greatest risk of contamination. Now that we have shipping information available, we are updating FDA’s recommendation to health care providers so that they can focus their attention on following up with the patients who are believed to be at greatest risk of receiving a contaminated product.
New England Compounding Center (NECC) Potentially Contaminated Medication: Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
FDA has observed fungal contamination by direct microscopic examination of foreign matter taken from a sealed vial of methylprednisolone acetate collected from New England Compounding Center (NECC). FDA is in the process of conducting additional microbial testing to confirm the exact species of the fungus.
Investigation into the exact source of the outbreak is still ongoing, but the outbreak is associated with a potentially contaminated medication. That product is preservative-free methylprednisolone acetate (80mg/ml), an injectable steroid produced and distributed by New England Compounding Center (NECC) in Framingham, Massachusetts. CDC’s interim data show that all infected patients received injection with this product.
FDA was been working closely with CDC, several state health departments, and the Massachusetts Board of Pharmacy to investigate the scope and cause of the outbreak of fungal meningitis. FDA inspectors in the New England District Office, in cooperation with the Massachusetts Board of Registration in Pharmacy have been conducting an inspection of the New England Compounding Center. The firm voluntarily ceased all operations and surrendered its license to the Massachusetts Board of Registration in Pharmacy on October 3, 2012.
Out of an abundance of caution, FDA is taking the additional step of recommending that health care professionals and consumers not use any product that was produced by NECC at this time. In addition, FDA requests that health care professionals retain and secure all remaining products purchased from NECC until FDA provides further instructions regarding the disposition of these products.
Although the investigation into the source of the outbreak is still ongoing, if you have purchased a product from NECC, FDA is advising not to use it at this time. This includes all products compounded and distributed at NECC; not just the ones that have been recalled. Please see the CDC website for additional information.
Hospira Lactated Ringer's And 5% Dextrose Injection, 1000 Ml, Flexible Containers: Recall - Mold Contamination
FDA and Hospira announced it is initiating a voluntary user-level recall of one lot of Lactated Ringer’s and 5% Dextrose Injection, USP, 1000 mL, Flexible Container, NDC 0409-7929-09. This action is due to one confirmed customer report where a leak was identified in the primary container between the cobra cap and fill-tube seal and a spore-like structured particulate, consistent with mold, was noted in the solution.
When a primary container within an overwrap has a leak, there is an open pathway for contamination of the fluid. The overwrap is not sterile, and any fluid which may have leaked out may become trapped within the overwrap and has the potential to be reintroduced into the primary container. If contaminated solution is used on a patient, critical patient harm may result. Injections of mold could potentially lead to septicemia (blood stream infections), which in a worst-case scenario may have the potential to progress to septic shock, which may be life threatening. Signs and symptoms could include injection site reactions, fever, shortness of breath, fast heart rate and feeling generally ill with nausea and vomiting.
The impacted product is Lactated Ringer’s and 5% Dextrose Injection, USP, 1000 mL; NDC #0409-7929-09 Batch# 12-160-JT* Expiration Date 1DEC2013. Hospira has not received reports of any adverse events associated with this issue for this lot, and has not identified any quality issues with retention samples for this lot. This recall is being conducted as a precautionary measure.
Anyone with an existing inventory should stop use and distribution, quarantine the product immediately, and call Stericycle at 1-877-650-7688, between the hours of 8am and 5pm EST, Monday through Friday, to arrange for the return of the product. Replacement product from other lots is available.
Hydrocodone Bitartrate and Acetaminophen Tablets, USP 10 mg/500 mg (Watson Laboratories): Recall - Potential for Oversized and Superpotent Tablets
Watson Laboratories, Inc. notified the public of a voluntary nationwide recall for two lots of Hydrocodone Bitartrate and APAP Tablets, USP 10 mg/500 mg (Lot Numbers 519406A and 521759A, both with the expiry date April 2014, distributed between 6/27/2012 and 7/18/2012 to wholesale distributors and retail pharmacies nationwide).
A complaint was received for tablets that were thicker and darker shade than the other tablets. It is possible that some tablets from lots 519406A and 521759A exceed the weight specification and may contain higher than indicated amounts of the ingredients Hydrocodone Bitartrate and/or Acetaminophen.
Unintentional ingestion of excessive amounts of acetaminophen may potentially result in an adverse event, including liver toxicity, especially in patients on other acetaminophen containing medications, patients with liver dysfunction, or people who consume more than 3 alcoholic beverages a day. Acetaminophen overdose can potentially cause severe liver damage, at times resulting in liver transplant or death. Unintentional ingestion of excessive amounts of hydrocodone may result in an increase in the severity or frequency of side effects, such as sedation or respiratory depression, particularly in patients who are elderly, have severe kidney or liver impairment, or are also taking interacting medications, such as sedating medications or certain antidepressants.
Hydrocodone bitartrate and acetaminophen 10 mg/500 mg tablets are indicated for the relief of moderate to moderately severe pain.
Pharmacists and wholesalers are asked to check their inventories for lots 519406A or 521759A segregate any material from the lots, and to contact GENCO Pharmaceutical Services at 1-800-950-5479 for instructions on product return.
Qualitest Issues Voluntary, Nationwide Recall for One Lot of Hydrocodone Bitartrate and Acetaminophen Tablets, USP 10 mg/500 mg Due to the Potential for Oversized Tablets
September 10, 2012 - Qualitest, a subsidiary of Endo Health Solutions (Nasdaq: ENDP), today issued a voluntary, nationwide retail level recall for one lot of Hydrocodone Bitartrate and Acetaminophen Tablets, USP 10 mg/500 mg.
The recall includes the following product lot:
Hydrocodone Bitartrate and Acetaminophen Tablets, USP 10 mg/500 mg, NDC 0603-3888-21, 100 count, Lot Number C1440512A, expiry date 12/13.
It is possible that some tablets from lot C1440512A exceed the weight specification and could be super-potent for the ingredients Hydrocodone Bitartrate and Acetaminophen.
Bottles from the affected lot may contain tablets that have a higher dosage of acetaminophen, and as a result, it is possible that consumers could take more than the intended acetaminophen dose. Unintentional administration of tablets with increased acetaminophen content could result in liver toxicity, especially in patients on other acetaminophen containing medications, patients with liver dysfunction, or people who consume more than 3 alcoholic beverages a day. The product label warns consumers that acetaminophen overdose can potentially cause severe liver damage, at times resulting in liver transplant or death. Taking a higher dose of hydrocodone than intended could result in an increase in the severity or frequency of side effects, such as sedation or respiratory depression, particularly in patients who are elderly, have severe kidney or liver impairment, or are also taking interacting medications, for example other sedating medications or certain antidepressants.
No injuries have been reported to date.
Hydrocodone bitartrate and acetaminophen 10 mg/500 mg tablets are indicated for the relief of moderate to moderately severe pain. The affected lot, C1440512A, was distributed between May 14 and Aug. 3, 2012 to wholesale distributors and retail pharmacies nationwide. The lot number can be found on the side of the manufacturer’s bottle. Hydrocodone Bitartrate and Acetaminophen Tablets are approximately 16.51 mm in length, pink, capsule-shaped tablets, with "3600" debossed on one side of the tablet and "V" on the other.
Consumers who have lot C1440512A should contact Qualitest at 1-800-444-4011. Consumers who are unsure if they have the affected lot number should consult their pharmacy or health care professional.
Pharmacists and wholesalers are asked to check their inventories for lot C1440512A, segregate any material from the lot, and to contact MedTurn at 1-800-967-5952 for instructions on product return. Pharmacies that received lot C1440512A will receive a copy of this press release with their recall notification information. In order to make your patients aware of this recall, please post the enclosed press release prominently in the pharmacy area.
For more information please contact Qualitest at 1-800-444-4011; Monday through Friday between the hours of 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. CST. Reports of adverse reactions or quality problems can also be reported to Qualitest at 1-800-444-4011; Monday through Friday between the hours of 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. CST.
Adverse reactions or quality problems experienced with the use of this product may be reported to FDA’s MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program either on line, by regular mail, or by fax.
Revatio (sildenafil): Drug Safety Communication - Recommendation Against Use in Children
FDA notified healthcare professionals and their medical care organizations that Revatio (sildenafil) should not be prescribed to children (ages 1 through 17) for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).This recommendation against use is based on a recent long-term clinical pediatric trial showing that: (1) children taking a high dose of Revatio had a higher risk of death than children taking a low dose and (2) the low doses of Revatio are not effective in improving exercise ability. Treatment of PAH in children with this drug is an off-label use (not approved by FDA) and a new warning, stating the use of Revatio is not recommended in pediatric patients has been added to the Revatio labeling.
Revatio is a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor used to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension by relaxing the blood vessels in the lungs to reduce blood pressure and is approved to improve exercise ability and delay clinical worsening of PAH in adult patients (WHO Group I).
Patients and caregivers are advised to not change the Revatio dose or stop taking Revatio without talking to a health care professional. Healthcare professionals were reminded that use of this product, particularly chronic use, in children is an off-label indication, not approved by FDA, and is not recommended. See the Drug Safety Communication for the Data Summary from the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of 234 patients with PAH, 1 to 17 years of age with mild to moderate symptoms at baseline.
Hospira Hydromorphone Hydrochloride Injection 2 MG/ML, 1 mL fill in 2.5 mL Carpuject: Recall- May Contain More Than The Intended Fill Volume
Hospira and FDA notified healthcare professional of a nationwide voluntraty recall of one lot of Hydromorphone Injection, USP, 2 mg/mL, (C-II), 1 mL fill in 2.5 mL Carpuject, NDC 0409-1312-30, due to a reported complaint of a single Carpuject containing more than the 1 mL labeled fill volume. Opioid pain medications such as Hydromorphone have life-threatening consequences if overdosed. Those consequences can include respiratory depression (slowed breathing or suspension of breathing), low blood pressure and reduced heart rate including circulatory collapse.
The affected product is a prefilled glass cartridge for use with the Carpuject Syringe system. The affected lot number is 12720LL. The expiration date is December 1, 2013 and was distributed in March – May 2012. Hospira has not received any reports of adverse events related to this issue for this lot.
Anyone with an existing inventory should stop use and distribution, quarantine the product immediately, and call Stericycle at 1-866-873-0312 to arrange for the return of the product. Replacement product from other lots is available. Customers can send their DEA 222 form to Hospira, 1635 Stone Ridge Drive, Stone Mountain, GA 30083 to order replacement product.
For medical inquiries, please contact Hospira Medical Communications at 1-800-615-0187. This phone number is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
Hospira Propofol Injectable Emulsion: Recall - Glass Vial Defect
Hospira and FDA notified healthcare professional of a nationwide recall of three lots of Propofol Injectable Emulsion, 1%, 1g/100 mL, due to visible particles embedded in the glass to the user level. There may be potential for product to come into contact with the embedded particles and the particles may become dislodged into the solution. In the event in which particulate matter could be injected into a patient, there may be the potential for patient injury where medical intervention may be required. Risks associated with this defect could include tissue necrosis in one or more organsthat could result in stroke, myocardial infarction, respiratory failure, and loss of renal and hepatic function.
See the Press Release for a listing of affected product lot numbers and expiration dates.
The product is packaged in vials and indicated for the induction or maintenance of anesthesia in surgical patients or to initiate sleep in intensive care units. The affected lots were distributed nationwide to wholesalers and direct customers from September 2011 through February 2012.
Healthcare professionals and patients are encouraged to report adverse events or side effects related to the use of these products to the FDA's MedWatch Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program.
Franck’s Compounding Pharmacy Sterile Preparations: Reports of Fungal Endophthalmitis, Expanded Recall
FDA is notifying all physicians and medical care organizations who have ordered any compounded product sold as a sterile preparation by Franck's Compounding Pharmacy of Ocala, Florida, of the recall of all sterile products sold by Franck's since November 2011 due to the possibility of lack of sterility.
The recall is being carried out to the user physician. An active investigation of this matter by the CDC and FDA is ongoing at this time. In March 2012, FDA received reports of fungal endophthalmitis (eye infections) in patients who were given Brilliant Blue G (BBG), supplied by Franck's Pharmacy, during eye surgeries. Clinicians in several states reported the adverse events. In April 2012, FDA received reports of eye infections in patients who were given injections of Franck’s drug products containing triamcinolone during eye surgery.
FDA advises that any product received from Franck's since November 2011 not be used and customer/physicians follow the instructions provided by Franck’s. FDA also recommends that any adverse events suspected to be associated with use of the products be reported to FDA.
Hospira Carpuject Pre-filled Cartridges - Drug Alert: Products May Contain More Than the Intended Fill Volume
FDA is alerting healthcare providers of a potential safety risk in some Carpuject pre-filled cartridges manufactured by Hospira, Inc. The pre-filled cartridges containing the products listed in the Drug Alert may be overfilled by at least twice the expected amount, resulting in potential overdose.
Because pharmacists and other healthcare providers can visually identify the presence of an overfilled Carpuject pre-filled cartridge, FDA is recommending that these steps be taken at this time rather than a product recall, because a recall of the affected products would result in an immediate shortage.
Hospira, Inc. has informed the FDA of the occurrence of overfilled Carpuject pre-filled cartridges containing morphine and hydromorphone following complaints received from healthcare providers.
Subsequent inspection of retained product by Hospira found additional overfilled Carpuject pre-filled cartridges. The manufacturing problem thought to be responsible for this overfilling has resulted in the risk for overfilled Carpuject pre-filled cartridges for as many as 280 lots of 15 different Carpuject pre-filled cartridge products.
FDA is advising healthcare providers to follow the instructions provided with the medication and visually inspect and confirm that the Carpuject pre-filled cartridge contains the labeled fill volume before dispensing and again before administering to patients.
Hydromorphone Hydrochloride Injection 1 MG/ML, (C-II) 1 ML Fill In 2.5 ML Carpuject: Recall - May Contain More Than the Intended Fill Volume
Hospira, Inc. notified healthcare professionals of a recall of one lot of Hydromorphone Hydrochloride Injection 1 MG/ML, due to reports of a single Carpuject containing more than the 1 mL labeled fill volume. Opioid pain medications such as Hydromorphone have life-threatening consequences if overdosed, including respiratory depression (slowed breathing or suspension of breathing), low blood pressure, and reduced heart rate including circulatory collapse.
The affected lot number is 07547LL, with an expiration date of July 1, 2013. The affected lot was distributed in September – October 2011. It was initially distributed to wholesalers and a limited number of hospitals in Alaska, Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wisconsin.
The affected product is a prefilled glass cartridge for use with the Carpuject Syringe system.
Anyone with an existing inventory should stop use and distribution, quarantine the product immediately, and call Stericycle at 1-888-912-7093 to arrange for the return of the product. Replacement product from other lots is available. Customers can send their DEA 222 form to Hospira, 1635 Stone Ridge Drive, Stone Mountain, GA 30083 to order replacement product.
Brilliant Blue G Compounded by Franck's: Recall of Unapproved Drug - Ongoing Investigation of Fungal Endophthalmitis Cases
[UPDATED 05/04/2012] The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has advised healthcare personnel to avoid use of compounded products labeled as sterile from Franck’s during the ongoing investigation.
[UPDATED 04/20/2012] FDA issues second warning to physicians regarding cvertain compounded drugs from Franck's. FDA received reports of eye infections in patients who were given injections of drug products containing triamcinolone during eye surgery.FDA has received reports of fungal endophthalmitis (eye infections) in patients who were given Brilliant Blue G (BBG), supplied by Franck's Pharmacy, during eye surgeries. Clinicians in several states reported the adverse events. FDA, along with CDC and local and state public health agencies, are actively investigating these adverse events.
The BBG was supplied by Franck’s Compounding Lab, Ocala, Florida. Franck’s Pharmacy issued a recall on March 9, 2012, of all lots of Brilliant Blue G and issued a recall letter (link below). Brilliant Blue G is not an approved drug in the U.S.
Immediately quarantine and return any remaining Brilliant Blue G product from Franck’s Compounding Lab. This includes all lots of Brilliant Blue G received from Franck’s.
FDA requests that practitioners report to MedWatch any cases of endophthalmitis, fungal or bacterial, that occurred within the last six months, associated with eye surgery in which Brilliant Blue G from any source was used.
FDA Reminds the Public about the Potential for Life-Threatening Harm from Accidental Exposure to Fentanyl Transdermal Systems (“Patches”)
FDA reminds patients, caregivers, and healthcare professionals of the importance of appropriate storage, use, application, and disposal of fentanyl patches (including Duragesic and generic products) to prevent potential life-threatening harm from accidental exposure to the active ingredient, fentanyl.
Recently, FDA evaluated a series of 26 cases of pediatric accidental exposures to fentanyl patches reported over the past 15 years. Of these 26 cases, ten resulted in death and 12 in hospitalization. Sixteen of the 26 cases occurred in children two years old or younger.
Young children are at particular risk of accidental exposure to fentanyl patches. Their mobility and curiosity provide opportunities for them to find lost patches, take improperly discarded patches from the trash, or find improperly stored patches, all of which may result in patches being placed in their mouths or sticking to their skin.
Additionally, young children are at risk of exposure when being held by someone wearing a partially detached patch which can then transfer to the child. Exposure of young children to a fentanyl patch can lead to serious adverse events even death, due to the amount of fentanyl present in the patches. This can even occur with used patches which still contain a considerable amount of fentanyl.
The FDA previously alerted the public to the appropriate use and disposal of fentanyl patches in 2005 and 2006, following the receipt of reports of death and life-threatening adverse events related to fentanyl overdose. The adverse events occurred when the fentanyl patch was used to treat pain in patients who were not tolerant to opioids and when opioid-tolerant patients applied more patches than prescribed, changed the patch too frequently or exposed the patch to a heat source. In these advisories, FDA reminded patients, caregivers, and physicians about the appropriate use and disposal of patches.
Additionally, as part of a broader public awareness campaign about the proper disposal of medications in 2011, FDA advised consumers on the proper disposal of fentanyl patches when they are no longer needed. FDA recommends that the adhesive side of the patch should be folded together and then the patch should be flushed down the toilet.
Healthcare professionals are urged to educate their patients and caregivers about the appropriate use and disposal of fentanyl patches. Patients are encouraged to review the fentanyl patch product label for the instructions for use.
Norgestimate and Ethinyl Estradiol Tablets: Recall - Packaging Error, Potential for Incorrect Dosing Regimen
Glenmark Generics Inc. issued a nationwide, consumer-level recall of seven (7) lots of Norgestimate and Ethinyl Estradiol Tablets USP (0.18 mg/0.035 mg, 0.215 mg/0.035 mg, 0.25 mg/0.035 mg), because of a packaging error where select blisters were rotated 180 degrees within the card, reversing the weekly tablet orientation and making the lot number and expiry date visible only on the outer pouch. As a result of this packaging error, the daily regimen for these oral contraceptives may be incorrect and could leave women without adequate contraception, and at risk for unintended pregnancy.
Norgestimate and Ethinyl Estradiol Tablets are used as an oral contraceptive, indicated for the prevention of pregnancy in women. The product was distributed to wholesalers and retail pharmacies nationwide between September 21, 2011 and December 30, 2011.
Consumers exposed to affected packaging should begin using a non-hormonal form of contraception immediately. Patients who have the affected product should notify their physician and return the product to the pharmacy. See the Press Release for a listing of affected lot numbers, expiration dates, and product photos.
Infants’ TYLENOL Oral Suspension, 1 oz. Grape: Recall - Dosing System Complaints
McNeil Consumer Healthcare notified the public of a recall of seven lots (approximately 574,000 bottles) of Infants’ TYLENOL Oral Suspension, 1 oz. Grape. There were complaints from consumers who reported difficulty using the Infants’ TYLENOL SimpleMeasure dosing system. SimpleMeasure includes a dosing syringe, which a parent or caregiver inserts into a protective cover, or “flow restrictor,” at the top of the bottle to measure the proper dose. In some cases, the flow restrictor was pushed into the bottle when inserting the syringe.
Infants’ TYLENOL is an over-the-counter (OTC) product indicated as a pain reliever/fever reducer. The product was distributed nationwide in the United States.
If the flow restrictor is pushed into the bottle, the parent or caregiver should not use the product. See the Press Release for lot number and UPC codes of affected product. Consumers can visit www.tylenol.com1 for additional information.
Lo/Ovral-28 (Norgestrel/EthinylEstradiol) Tablets: Recall - Possibility of Inexact Tablet Counts or Out of Sequence Tablets
Pfizer Inc. notified healthcare professionals and consumers that it recalled 14 lots of Lo/Ovral-28 (norgestrel and ethinyl estradiol) Tablets and 14 lots of Norgestrel and Ethinyl Estradiol Tablets (generic) for customers in the U.S. market. An investigation by Pfizer found that some blister packs may contain an inexact count of inert or active ingredient tablets and that the tablets may be out of sequence. As a result of this packaging error, the daily regimen for these oral contraceptives may be incorrect and could leave women without adequate contraception, and at risk for unintended pregnancy.
These products are oral contraceptives indicated for the prevention of pregnancy. These products are packaged in blister packs containing 21 tablets of active ingredients and seven tablets of inert ingredients. Correct dosing of this product is important in avoiding the associated risks of an unplanned pregnancy.
Patients who have the affected product should notify their physician and return the product to the pharmacy. See the Press Release for a list of affected lot numbers.
Endo Pharmaceuticals Opiate Products by Novartis Consumer Health: Public Health Advisory - Potential Safety Risk
Including the following products:
Opana ER (oxymorphone hydrochloride) Extended-Release Tablets CII
Opana (oxymorphone hydrochloride) CII
Oxymorphone hydrochloride Tablets CII
PERCOCET (oxycodone hydrochloride and acetaminophen USP) Tablets CII
PERCODAN (oxycodone hydrochloride and aspirin, USP) Tablets CII
ENDOCET (oxycodone hydrochloride and acetaminophen USP) Tablets CII
ENDODAN (oxycodone hydrochloride and aspirin, USP) Tablets CII
MORPHINE SULFATE Extended-Release Tablets CII
ZYDONE (hydrocodone bitartrate/acetaminophen tablets, USP) CIII
FDA is advising healthcare professionals and patients of a potential problem with opiate products manufactured and packaged for Endo Pharmaceuticals by Novartis Consumer Health at its Lincoln, Nebraska manufacturing site. Due to problems that occurred when these products were packaged and labeled at the site, tablets from one product type may have carried over into packaging of another product. This could result in a stray pill of one medicine ending up in the bottle of another product.
Opiates are potent medications used to alleviate pain and are available only by prescription. Endo Pharmaceuticals reports that they are aware of only three product mix-ups with respect to these products since 2009; all three were detected by pharmacists. Endo is not aware of any patient having experienced a confirmed product mix-up, nor any adverse events attributable to a product mix-up.
FDA advises patients and healthcare professionals to examine opiate medicines made by Endo in their possession and ensure that all tablets are the same.
Novartis Consumer Health Over-The-Counter Products: Recall - Potential Presence of Foreign Tablets or Chipped or Broken Tablets or Gelcaps including Excedrin, NoDoz, Bufferin, Gas-X Prevention
Novartis Consumer Health Inc. is voluntarily recalling all lots of over-the-counter products Excedrin, Bufferin, Gas-X Prevention and NoDoz. Reports were received of chipped and broken pills and inconsistent bottle packaging clearance practices at the Lincoln, Nebraska facility, which could result in the bottles containing foreign tablets, caplets, or capsules.
Mixing of different products in the same bottle could result in consumers taking the incorrect product and receiving a higher or lower strength than intended or receiving an unintended ingredient. This could potentially result in overdose, interaction with other medications a consumer may be taking, or an allergic reaction if the consumer is allergic to the unintended ingredient.
This voluntary recall pertains to all lots of select bottle packaging configurations from retailers of Excedrin and Nodoz products (expiry dates of December 20, 2014 or earlier), and Bufferin and Gax-X Products (expiry dates of December 20, 2013 or earlier), in the United States.
All of the pills in the bottle should look the same. If patients find a pill that is different in shape, size, color, or markings, they should bring their medicine bottle to their pharmacist and not take any of those pills.
Liquid Acetaminophen marketed for infants: Drug Safety Communication - Potential for Dosing Errors
The FDA is informing the public that an additional concentration of liquid acetaminophen marketed for “infants” (160 mg/5 mL) is now available. This change in the concentration will affect the amount of liquid given to an infant, and should be especially noted if someone is accustomed to using the 80 mg /0.8 mL or 80 mg/mL concentrations of liquid acetaminophen.
Over-the-Counter (OTC) Liquid acetaminophen is used to temporarily reduce fever and relieve minor aches and pains due to the common cold, flu, headache, minor sore throat, and toothache. Acetaminophen is marketed under brand names such as Tylenol, Little Fevers, Triaminic, Infant/Pain Reliever, Pedia Care, Triaminic Infants’ Syrup Fever Reducer Pain Reliever and other store brands (e.g., Rite Aid, CVS, Walgreens brand, etc.).
This change in the concentration will affect the amount of liquid given to an infant, and should be especially noted if someone is accustomed to using the 80 mg /0.8 mL or 80 mg/mL concentrations of liquid acetaminophen. In addition to this change in concentration, this product may also be packaged with an oral syringe instead of a dropper.
Read the Drug Facts label on the package to identify the concentration of the liquid acetaminophen (in mg/mL), dosage, and directions for use.
Use the dosing device provided with the product in order to correctly measure the amount of liquid acetaminophen to be given. Healthcare professionals should provide directions to patients that specify the concentration and dose of liquid acetaminophen that should be given to a child.
Pradaxa (dabigatran etexilate mesylate): Drug Safety Communication - Safety Review of Post-Market Reports of Serious Bleeding Events
FDA) is evaluating post-marketing reports of serious bleeding events in patients taking Pradaxa (dabigatran etexilate mesylate). Bleeding that may lead to serious or even fatal outcomes is a well-recognized complication of all anticoagulant therapies. The Pradaxa drug label contains a warning about significant and sometimes fatal bleeds. In a
Qualitest Pharmaceuticals Oral Contraceptives: Recall - Packaging Error
Qualitest Pharmaceuticals issued a nationwide, retail-level recall of multiple lots of oral contraceptives because a packaging error may result in the daily regimen for these products being incorrect and could leave women without adequate contraception, and at risk for unintended pregnancy. Select blisters were rotated 180 degrees within the card, reversing the weekly tablet orientation and making the lot number and expiry date no longer visible.
These packaging defects do not pose any immediate health risks. Pharmacies are being instructed to contact consumers who have received affected product.
Consumers exposed to affected packaging should begin using a non-hormonal form of contraception immediately and consult their health care provider or pharmacist. Consumers who have affected products should contact Qualitest for information or to arrange return of any affected product.
Reclast (zoledronic acid): Drug Safety Communication - New Contraindication and Updated Warning on Kidney Impairment
FDA notified healthcare professionals and patients of an update to the drug label for Reclast (zoledronic acid) regarding the risk of kidney failure. Cases of acute renal failure requiring dialysis or having a fatal outcome following Reclast use have been reported to FDA. The revised label states that Reclast is contraindicated in patients with creatinine clearance less than 35 mL/min or in patients with evidence of acute renal impairment. The label also recommends that healthcare professionals screen patients prior to administering Reclast in order to identify at-risk patients.
The Reclast Medication Guide for patients is being updated to contain information about the risk of severe kidney problems. In addition, the manufacturer of Reclast will issue a Dear Healthcare Provider letter to inform healthcare professionals about this risk.
Risk factors for developing renal failure include underlying moderate to severe renal impairment, use of kidney-damaging (nephrotoxic) or diuretic medications at the same time as Reclast, or severe dehydration occurring before or after Reclast is given. The risk of developing renal failure in patients with underlying renal impairment also increases with age.
These labeling changes are being made to the Reclast label only, although zoledronic acid, also sold as Zometa, is approved for treatment of cancer-related indications. Renal toxicity is already addressed in the Warnings and Precautions section of the Zometa as well as in the Reclast label. Dose reductions for Zometa are provided for patients with renal impairment.
Reclast is contraindicated in patients with creatinine clearance less than 35 mL/min, or in patients with evidence of acute renal impairment. Healthcare professionals should screen patients prior to administering Reclast in order to identify at-risk patients. Healthcare professionals should also monitor renal function in patients who are receiving Reclast.
Infection Risk from Repackaged Avastin Intravitreal Injections
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is alerting health care professionals that repackaged intravitreal injections of Avastin (bevacizumab) have caused a cluster of serious eye infections in the Miami, Florida area.
The Florida Department of Health (DOH) notified FDA of a cluster of Streptococcus endophthalmitis infections in three clinics following intravitreal injection of repackaged Avastin. Investigators traced the tainted injections to a single pharmacy located in Hollywood, Florida. The pharmacy repackaged the Avastin from sterile injectable 100 mg/4 mL, single-use, preservative-free vials into individual 1 mL single-use syringes.
The pharmacy then distributed the Avastin to multiple eye clinics for use in treating patients. To date, FDA is aware of at least twelve patients in at least three of these clinics who had eye infection. While all of these patients had visual deficits prior to their injections with Avastin, some of these patients lost all remaining vision in that eye due to the endophthalmitis.
The agency and Florida health officials continue to investigate the cause of the infection. While the investigation is not yet complete, the common link for the infections is the pharmacy that repackaged the Avastin and the single lot of Avastin used in the re-packaging.
Health care professionals should be aware that repackaging sterile drugs without proper aseptic technique can compromise product sterility, potentially putting the patient at risk for microbial infections. Health care professionals should ensure that drug products are obtained from appropriate, reliable sources and properly administered.
Avastin solution for intravenous infusion is approved for the treatment of various types of cancers. Some physicians also prescribe Avastin off-label for the treatment of wet age-related macular degeneration, although Avastin is not currently approved for this indication. Lucentis (ranibizumab injection) has been approved by the FDA for wet age-related macular degeneration.
Vasopressin Injection USP, Multiple Dose Vials: Recall - Sub-Potency
American Regent, Inc. is conducting a nationwide voluntary recall of multiple lots of Vasopressin Injection, USP to the Retail/Hospital level. This product recall was initiated by American Regent, Inc. because some vials may not maintain potency throughout their shelf-life. Potential adverse events after administration of solutions that are below potency limits may include reduced effectiveness. See the company Press Release for a listing of affected lot numbers. The products were distributed to wholesalers and distributors nationwide.
Vasopressin Injection, USP is indicated for prevention and treatment of postoperative abdominal distention, in abdominal roentgenography to dispel interfering gas shadows, and in diabetes insipidus.
Hospitals, infusion centers, clinics, retail pharmacies and other healthcare facilities should not use American Regent, Inc., Vasopressin Injection, USP Multiple Dose Vials with the lot #s listed for patient care and should immediately quarantine any product for return to American Regent Inc.
Tamiflu (oseltamivir phosphate) for Oral Suspension: Label Change-New Concentration (6 mg/mL)
Labeling changes are being made to Tamiflu oral suspension to reduce the possibility of prescribing and dosing confusion that can lead to medication errors. The changes to the product label include:
A change in the concentration of Tamiflu from 12 mg/mL to 6 mg/mL. The lower concentration of Tamiflu is less likely to become frothy when shaken, which helps to ensure an accurate measurement.
A change in the measurements of the oral dosing device from milligrams (mg = weight) to milliliters (mL = volume).
A change in the dosing table for Tamiflu to include a column for the volume (mL) based on the new 6 mg/mL concentration. Revised container labels and carton packaging. Revised compounding instructions for pharmacies to prepare a 6 mg/mL oral suspension from Tamiflu capsules in an emergency situation only if the commercially manufactured Tamiflu for oral suspension is unavailable.
Tamiflu is in a class of medications called neuraminidase inhibitors. These drugs work by stopping the spread of the influenza (flu) virus in the body. Genentech, the manufacturer of Tamiflu for oral suspension, plans to begin distribution of the new 6 mg/mL product in July 2011. The company has instituted a voluntary Take Back Program for wholesale buyers, distributors and pharmacies to remove the 12 mg/mL product from the marketplace. The 12 mg/mL product will remain in the marketplace and in state or national stockpiles until current supplies expire.
It is important for healthcare professionals to be aware that a patient may potentially receive either concentration (6 mg/mL or 12 mg/mL) from their pharmacy during the next influenza season (2011-2012). Steps should be taken to avoid the potential for a medication error due to confusion between the two concentrations. Prescribers should include the new concentration (6 mg/mL) and dose in milliliters on all prescriptions for Tamiflu for oral suspension.
Nationwide Recall of Two Lots of Endocet®
Endo Pharmaceuticals today issued a voluntary nationwide consumer level recall of Endocet® (oxycodone/acetaminophen, USP) Tablets, 10 mg/325 mg 100 count bottles, NDC 60951-712-70, Lot # 402415NV and #402426NV. One bottle from each lot of Endocet® (oxycodone/acetaminophen, USP) Tablets, 10 mg/325 mg, Lot # 402415NV and # 402426NV, NDC 60951-712-70, 100 count bottles, was found to contain some Endocet® 10 mg/650 mg Tablets, which are identifiable by their larger size, and different shape and markings.
Qualitest Pharmaceuticals Voluntary, Nationwide Retail Level Recall
Qualitest Pharmaceuticals today issued a voluntary nationwide retail level recall of Butalbital, Acetaminophen, and Caffeine Tablets USP, 50mg/325mg/40mg, and Hydrocodone Bitartrate and Acetaminophen Tablets, USP 7.5mg/500mg. This recall was initiated because an individual bottle of Butalbital, Acetaminophen, and Caffeine Tablets USP, 50mg/325mg/40mg, 500 count was found incorrectly labeled with a Hydrocodone Bitartrate and Acetaminophen Tablets, USP 7.5mg/500mg, 1000 count label, printed with Lot Number C0590909B.
Chantix (varenicline): Label Change - Risk of Certain Cardiovascular Adverse Events
FDA notified healthcare professionals and patients that the Prescribing Information for this drug product will be strengthened to inform the public that use of varenicline may be associated with a small, increased risk of certain cardiovascular adverse events in patients who have cardiovascular disease. This safety information will be added to the Warnings and Precautions section and the patient Medication Guide.
FDA reviewed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of 700 smokers with cardiovascular disease who were treated with Chantix or placebo. While cardiovascular adverse events were infrequent overall, certain events, including heart attack, were reported more frequently in patients treated with Chantix than in patients treated with placebo. The events included angina pectoris, nonfatal myocardial infarction, need for coronary revascularization, and new diagnosis of peripheral vascular disease or admission for a procedure for the treatment of peripheral vascular disease. FDA is continuing to evaluate the cardiovascular safety of Chantix and is requiring the manufacturer to conduct a large, combined analysis (meta-analysis) of randomized, placebo-controlled trials. FDA will update the public when additional information is available.
See the Data Summary section of the Drug Safety Communication for additional information.
Healthcare professionals should be aware that smoking is an independent and major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and smoking cessation is of particular importance in this patient population. The known benefits of Chantix should be weighed against its potential risks when deciding to use the drug in smokers with cardiovascular disease.
Patients are encouraged to read the Medication Guide they receive along with their Chantix prescription.
Risperidone (Risperdal) and Ropinirole (Requip): Medication Errors - Name Confusion
FDA notified healthcare professionals and the public of medication error reports in which patients were given risperidone (Risperdal) instead of ropinirole (Requip) and vice versa. In some cases, patients who took the wrong medication needed to be hospitalized.
The FDA determined that the factors contributing to the confusion between the two products include:
Similarities of both the brand (proprietary) and generic (established) names
Similarities of the container labels and carton packaging
Illegible handwriting on prescriptions
Overlapping product characteristics, such as the drug strengths, dosage forms, and dosing intervals.
Risperidone (Risperdal) is an antipsychotic medication used to treat mental illnesses including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and irritability associated with autistic disorder. Ropinirole (Requip) is a dopamine agonist used in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease and Restless Legs Syndrome.
Healthcare Professionals are reminded to clearly print or spell out the medication name on prescriptions and make certain their patients know the name of their prescribed medication and their reason for taking it.
Zocor (simvastatin): Label Change - New Restrictions, Contraindications, and Dose Limitations
FDA notified healthcare professionals that it is recommending limiting the use of the highest approved dose of the cholesterol-lowering medication simvastatin (80 mg) because of increased risk of muscle damage. Patients taking simvastatin 80 mg daily have an increased risk of myopathy compared to patients taking lower doses of this drug or other drugs in the same class. This risk appears to be higher during the first year of treatment, is often the result of interactions with certain medicines, and is frequently associated with a genetic predisposition toward simvastatin-related myopathy. The most serious form of myopathy, called rhabdomyolysis, can damage the kidneys and lead to kidney failure which can be fatal. FDA is requiring changes to the simvastatin label to add new contraindications (should not be used with certain medications) and dose limitations for using simvastatin with certain medicines.
The new changes to the drug labels for simvastatin-containing medicines are based on FDA's review of the Study of the Effectiveness of Additional Reductions in Cholesterol and Homocysteine (SEARCH) trial and other data described in the Agency's March 2010 Ongoing safety review of high-dose Zocor (simvastatin) and increased risk of muscle injury. Simvastatin 80 mg should be used only in patients who have been taking this dose for 12 months or more without evidence of muscle injury (myopathy).
Simvastatin 80 mg should not be started in new patients, including patients already taking lower doses of the drug.
Coumadin (warfarin sodium) Crystalline 5 mg Tablets: Recall - Tablets May Have Higher than Expected Potency
Bristol-Myers Squibb initiated a voluntary recall of one lot of 1,000-count bottles of Coumadin (warfarin sodium) Crystalline 5 mg tablets. Company testing of tablets from a returned bottle found a tablet to be higher in potency than expected. The lot number affected in the U.S. is 9H49374A with an expiry date of September 30, 2012. A decrease of active ingredient may increase the risk of clots which could lead to heart attack or stroke, and if there is too much active ingredient, there is an increased risk of bleeding.
Coumadin is prescribed to treat or prevent blood clots.
Patients who may have 5 mg tablets should not interrupt their therapy but should seek advice from their pharmacist to see if they have tablets originating from the affected lot and if so, should consult their physician for appropriate medical advice.
Lansoprazole Delayed-Release Orally Disintegrating Tablets by Teva Pharmaceuticals: Letter to Healthcare Professionals - Clogged, Blocked Oral Syringes and Feeding Tubes
The FDA has received reports that Teva’s lansoprazole delayed-release orally disintegrating tablet has clogged and blocked oral syringes and feeding tubes, including both gastric and jejunostomy types, when the drug is administered as a suspension through these devices. The tablets may not fully disintegrate when water is added to them and/or they may disintegrate but later form clumps. These clumps can adhere to the inside walls of oral syringes and feeding tubes. In some cases, patients have had to seek emergency medical assistance and their feeding tubes have had to be unclogged or removed and replaced.
Lansoprazole is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) medication. It is approved for the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), erosive esophagitis (EE), and Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome (a condition involving overproduction of stomach acid).
Teva Pharmaceuticals has voluntarily withdrawn its lansoprazole delayed-release ODT product from distribution at this time. However, some product may remain in stock in pharmacies and other facilities, and some patients may still have the product in their possession. The product may also be sold under the following labels: Sharp Corporation, Cardinal Health, and Quality Packaging Specialist, Inc.
FDA recommends that healthcare professionals evaluate their medication stock and not dispense the Teva lansoprazole delayed-release ODT product to patients for whom the product will be administered through an oral syringe or feeding tube.
Patients and caregivers should be instructed not to administer the Teva lansoprazole delayed-release ODT product through oral syringes and/or feeding tubes due to the potential for clogging and blockage of the oral syringe or tube.
Read the Healthcare Professional Letter for other specific recommendations and for National Drug Code (NDC) numbers for the affected Teva products.
Topamax (topiramate): Recall - Musty Odor
Ortho-McNeil Neurologics Division of Ortho-McNeil-Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., is recalling two lots of Topamax (topiramate) 100mg Tablets. The recall stems from four consumer reports of an uncharacteristic odor thought to be caused by trace amounts of TBA (2,4,6 tribromoanisole). While not considered to be toxic, TBA can generate an offensive odor and a small number of patients have reported temporary gastrointestinal symptoms. There have been no reported serious adverse events caused by the presence of TBA in Topamax.
Topamax is indicated as initial monotherapy in patients 10 years of age and older with partial onset or primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures; as adjunctive therapy for adults and pediatric patients ages 2 − 16 years with partial onset seizures, or primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures, and in patients 2 years of age and older with seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome; and for adults for the prophylaxis of migraine headache.
Patients taking Topamax 100mg Tablets who experience an uncharacteristic odor associated with their medication should return the tablets to their pharmacist, and contact their healthcare professional if they have questions.
Benzocaine Topical Products: Sprays, Gels and Liquids: Risk of Methemoglobinemia
FDA notified healthcare professionals and patients that FDA continues to receive reports of methemoglobinemia, a serious and potentially fatal adverse effect, associated with benzocaine products both as a spray, used during medical procedures to numb the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat, and benzocaine gels and liquids sold over-the-counter and used to relieve pain from a variety of conditions, such as teething, canker sores, and irritation of the mouth and gums.
Methemoglobinemia is a rare, but serious condition in which the amount of oxygen carried through the blood stream is greatly reduced. In the most severe cases, methemoglobinemia can result in death. Patients who develop methemoglobinemia may experience signs and symptoms such as pale, gray or blue colored skin, lips, and nail beds; headache; lightheadedness; shortness of breath; fatigue; and rapid heart rate. Methemoglobinemia has been reported with all strengths of benzocaine gels and liquids, and cases occurred mainly in children aged two years or younger who were treated with benzocaine gel for teething. The signs and symptoms usually appear within minutes to hours of applying benzocaine and may occur with the first application of benzocaine or after additional use. The development of methemoglobinemia after treatment with benzocaine sprays may not be related to the amount applied. In many cases, methemoglobinemia was reported following the administration of a single benzocaine spray.
Benzocaine products should not be used on children less than two years of age, except under the advice and supervision of a healthcare professional.
Adult consumers who use benzocaine gels or liquids to relieve pain in the mouth should follow the recommendations in the product label. Consumers should store benzocaine products out of reach of children. FDA encourages consumers to talk to their healthcare professional about using benzocaine.
Read the two Drug Safety Communications below for other specific recommendations for Healthcare Professionals, for Consumers and Caregivers and the Data Summary which supports these recommendations.
FDA is continuing to evaluate the safety of benzocaine products and the Agency will update the public when it has additional information. FDA will take appropriate regulatory actions as warranted.
Unapproved Cough, Cold, Allergy Products: FDA Prompts Removal From Market
FDA announced that it intends to remove certain unapproved prescription cough, cold, and allergy drug products from the U.S. market. Unapproved prescription cough, cold, and allergy drug products have not been evaluated by the FDA for safety, effectiveness, and quality. People may be at greater risk when using these products than when using FDA-approved prescription drugs or drugs that are appropriately marketed over-the-counter (OTC).
Many health care providers are unaware of the unapproved status of drugs and have continued to unknowingly prescribe them because the drugs’ labels do not disclose that they lack FDA approval.
Cough, cold, and allergy drug products are used to relieve symptoms associated with the common cold or upper respiratory allergies. These symptoms may include coughing, chest congestion, nasal congestion, itchy eyes, and sneezing. Some cough, cold, and allergy products may be purchased over the counter (OTC), while others require a prescription. See link below for a list of the unapproved prescription cough, cold, and allergy drug products FDA intends to remove from the market.
Consumers who believe they are taking an unapproved prescription cough, cold, or allergy product should contact their health care provider to discuss alternatives.
Upsher-Smith Laboratories Announces Expansion of Voluntary Nationwide Recall. Affected Products Include Amantadine, Amlodipine, Androxy, Baclofen, Bethanechol, Jantoven® and Oxybutynin
Upsher-Smith Laboratories, Inc., of Maple Grove, Minnesota is voluntarily expanding its previously announced recall of Jantoven® Warfarin Sodium, USP, 3 mg Tablets to include additional products that were packaged on the same packaging line between May 17, 2010 and November 17, 2010. The company is initiating the recall as a precautionary measure after a bottle labeled as Jantoven® Warfarin Sodium, USP, 3 mg Tablets was found by a retail pharmacy to contain tablets at a higher, 10 mg strength.
At Upsher-Smith, patient safety is of foremost concern. The substitution of warfarin, or any other product, may lead to a change in the therapeutic effect of the intended drug.
Consistent, continuous dosing of any product is necessary for optimal care for many ill patients. Patients should check with their health care provider regarding the appropriateness of their current therapy prior to making any change.
The expanded recall includes the following products:
Product Batch Number Expiration Date Product Identification
Amantadine 100 mg (100-ct bottles) 284166 Aug-12 Peach; imprinted AMT, 832
Amantadine 100 mg (100-ct bottles) 280603 Jul-12 Peach; imprinted AMT, 832
Amantadine 100 mg (100-ct bottles) 283797 Jul-12 Peach; imprinted AMT, 832
Amlodipine 5 mg (90-ct bottles) 280564 May-12 White; scored; imprinted ALP, 5, 832
Amlodipine 5 mg (90-ct bottles) 282661 Aug-12 White; scored; imprinted ALP, 5, 832
Androxy 10 mg (100-ct bottles) 283336 Sep-12 Green; scored; imprinted 86, 832
Baclofen 10 mg (90-ct bottles) 284651 Sep-12 White; scored; imprinted BAC, 10, 832
Baclofen 10 mg (90-ct bottles) 282346 Aug-12 White; scored; imprinted BAC, 10, 832
Baclofen 10 mg (100-ct bottles) 281664 Aug-12 White; scored; imprinted BAC, 10, 832
Bethanechol 5 mg (100-ct bottles) 282255 Aug-12 White; scored; imprinted BCL, 5, 832
Bethanechol 10 mg (100-ct bottles) 280569 Jun-12 White; scored; imprinted BCL, 10, 832
Bethanechol 25 mg (100-ct bottles) 280567 Jun-12 Yellow; scored; imprinted BCL, 25, 832
Jantoven 1 mg (100-ct bottles) 280617 Mar-12 Pink; scored; imprinted WRF, 1, 832
Jantoven 1 mg (100-ct bottles) 282872 Jul-12 Pink; scored; imprinted WRF, 1, 832
Jantoven 2 mg (100-ct bottles) 280598 Jun-12 Lavender; scored; imprinted WRF, 2, 832
Jantoven 2.5 mg (100-ct bottles) 281667 Jul-12 Green; scored; imprinted WRF, 2 ½, 832
Jantoven 3 mg (100-ct bottles) 280612 Jun-12 Tan; scored; imprinted WRF, 3, 832
Jantoven 3 mg (100-ct bottles) 284081 Sep-12 Tan; scored; imprinted WRF, 3, 832
Jantoven 4 mg (100-ct bottles) 283334 Jul-12 Blue; scored; imprinted WRF, 4, 832
Jantoven 5 mg (100-ct bottles) 280581 Jun-12 Peach; scored; imprinted WRF, 5, 832
Jantoven 5 mg (100-ct bottles) 283340 Jul-12 Peach; scored; imprinted WRF, 5, 832
Jantoven 5 mg (100-ct bottles) 283459 Sep-12 Peach; scored; imprinted WRF, 5, 832
Jantoven 5 mg (100-ct bottles) 283455 Jun-12 Peach; scored; imprinted WRF, 5, 832
Jantoven 6 mg (100-ct bottles) 282277 Jun-12 Teal; scored; imprinted WRF, 6, 832
Jantoven 6 mg (100-ct bottles) 284079 Sep-12 Teal; scored; imprinted WRF, 6, 832
Jantoven 7.5 mg (100-ct bottles) 280614 Aug-12 Yellow; scored; imprinted WRF, 7 ½,
Jantoven 10 mg (100-ct bottles) 283342 Aug-12 White; scored; imprinted WRF, 10, 832
Jantoven 10 mg (100-ct bottles) 282917 Feb-12 White; scored; imprinted WRF, 10, 832
Oxybutynin 5 mg (100-ct bottles) 283368 Jul-13 White; scored; imprinted 38, 832
Warfarin Sodium Tablets (Jantoven), 3mg: Recall - Mislabeled Bottles Containing Higher Dosage
Upsher-Smith Laboratories and FDA notified healthcare professionals of the recall of one lot of Jantoven Warfarin Sodium, USP, 3mg Tablets, an anticoagulant, after a single bottle labeled as Jantoven Warfarin Sodium, USP, 3mg Tablets was found to contain tablets at a higher 10mg strength. To date, the company has identified no additional mislabeled bottles.
The recalled lot is numbered as #284081, with an expiration date of September 2012. The product lot was distributed to wholesalers, retail chains and independent pharmacies throughout the United States. The primary risk of substituting 10mg warfarin for 3mg warfarin is overdosing more than 3 times the labeled amount which leads to excessive anticoagulation that could be expected to result in life-threatening hemorrhage in patients.
The two Jantoven tablets (see photo at link below) can be readily identified by color: the 3mg tablet is tan and the 10mg tablet is white. In addition, the 3mg tablet is imprinted with the letters WRF, a line, and the number 3 below the line. The reverse side of the 3mg tablet carries the number 832. The 10mg tablet is imprinted with the letters WRF, a line, and the number 10 below the line. The reverse side of the 10mg tablet carries the number 832. Consumers and pharmacists can call the Upsher-Smith medical information line at 1-888-650-3789 for more information and to access product details, Monday-Friday between 8:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. (CST).
Hydrocodone Bitartrate And Acetaminophen Tablets, Phenobarbital Tablets by Qualitest: Recall - Incorrect Package Labeling
An individual bottle of Hydrocodone Bitartrate and Acetaminophen Tablets, USP 10mg / 500mg, NDC 0603-3888-20, 60 count was found incorrectly labeled with a Phenobarbital Tablets, USP 32.4 mg, NDC 0603-5166-32, 1000 count label, printed with Lot Number T150G10B. Both products are manufactured by Qualitest Pharmaceuticals.
As a result of this mix-up, patients may unintentionally take Hydrocodone and acetaminophen tablets, instead of the intended dose of Phenobarbital. Unintentional administration of Hydrocodone can lead to serious adverse events including respiratory depression, CNS depression, coma and death, especially in opioid naïve patients and patients on other CNS depressants. Unintentional administration of acetaminophen may result in liver toxicity in patients on other acetaminophen containing medications, patients with liver dysfunction, or people who consume more than 3 alcoholic beverages a day. Additionally, missing doses of Phenobarbital could result in loss of seizure control.
The recall includes the following products:
Hydrocodone Bitartrate and Acetaminophen Tablets, USP 10mg / 500mg, NDC 0603-3888-20, 60 count, Lot Numbers T150G10B, T120J10E and T023M10A
Phenobarbital Tablets, USP 32.4 mg, NDC 0603-5166-32, 1000 count, Lot Numbers T150G10B, T120J10E and T023M10A
Recalled lots were distributed between Sept. 21, 2010 and Dec. 29, 2010 to wholesale and retail pharmacies nationwide (including Puerto Rico).
Consumers who have affected product should stop using the product and contact Qualitest at 1-800-444-4011 for reimbursement. Lot numbers can be found on the side of the bottle.
Acetaminophen Prescription Products Limited to 325 mg Per Dosage Unit: Drug Safety Communication
FDA notified healthcare professionals that it has asked drug manufacturers to limit the strength of acetaminophen in prescription drug products, predominantly combinations of acetaminophen and opioids, to 325 mg per tablet, capsule, or other dosage unit, making these products safer for patients. This action will help to reduce the risk of severe liver injury and allergic reactions associated with acetaminophen. A Boxed Warning highlighting the potential for severe liver injury and a Warning highlighting the potential for allergic reactions (swelling of the face, mouth, and throat, difficulty breathing, itching, or rash) will be added to the label of all prescription drug products that contain acetaminophen.
Acetaminophen, one of the most commonly used drugs in the United States, is widely and effectively used in both prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) products to reduce pain and fever. Examples of prescription products that contain acetaminophen include hydrocodone with acetaminophen (Vicodin, Lortab), and oxycodone with acetaminophen (Tylox, Percocet). OTC products containing acetaminophen (e.g., Tylenol) are not affected by this action. Information about the potential for liver injury is already required on the label for OTC products containing acetaminophen. FDA is continuing to evaluate ways to reduce the risk of acetaminophen related liver injury from OTC products. No drug shortages are expected, because the 3-year implementation period should permit adequate time for necessary reformulations.
Healthcare professionals were reminded to advise patients not to exceed the acetaminophen maximum total daily dose (4 grams/day), and not to drink alcohol while taking acetaminophen-containing medications.
Healthcare professionals were encouraged to inform patients that there is no immediate danger to patients who take these combination pain medications, and patients should continue to take them as directed by their health care provider. The Drug Safety Communication provides additional information for healthcare professionals, information for patients, a data summary and a list of all affected products.
Morphine Sulfate Oral Solution 100 mg per 5 mL (20 mg/mL): Medication Use Error - Reports of Accidental Overdose
Roxane Laboratories and FDA notified healthcare professionals of serious adverse events and deaths resulting from accidental overdose of morphine sulfate oral solutions, especially when using the high potency 100 mg/5mL product. In most of these cases, morphine sulfate oral solutions ordered in milligrams (mg) were mistakenly interchanged for milliliters (mL) of the product. The approval of this product is part of FDA’s unapproved drugs initiative. Prior to the recent approval, Roxane marketed a morphine sulfate oral solution with the strength expressed as 20 mg/mL, using a container label and carton labeling that had brown lettering on a white background. The newly approved product labeling and packaging feature revisions intended to reduce the risk of medication errors.
Morphine Sulfate Oral Solution 100 mg per 5 mL (20 mg/mL) is indicated for relief of moderate to severe acute and chronic pain in opioid-tolerant patients.
See Roxane's "Dear Healthcare Professional Letter" for a complete description and photos of labeling and product packaging changes. Changes include:
A warning stating “ONLY FOR USE IN PATIENTS WHO ARE OPIOID TOLERANT” is displayed in a box to highlight that the morphine sulfate oral solution 100 mg per 5 mL (20 mg/mL) is indicated for use in opioid-tolerant patients only. The 100 mg per 5 mL concentration of morphine sulfate may cause fatal respiratory depression when administered to patients not previously exposed to opioids.
The strength is presented as 100 mg per 5 mL followed by a less prominently displayed concentration of (20 mg/mL). The intent of this designation is to help differentiate this product from the 20 mg/5 mL morphine sulfate product.
A bright yellow background is used on multiple sides of this product to differentiate the morphine sulfate oral solution 100 mg per 5 mL (20 mg/mL) from other morphine sulfate oral solutions marketed by Roxane with a white background.
The drug name, strength and concentration are displayed in white lettering on a red background as an additional means of differentiating this product from other concentrations of morphine sulfate oral solutions.
A reminder is presented to the pharmacist to dispense the product to each patient with the enclosed Medication Guide.
Both the 30 mL and 120 mL bottles of morphine sulfate 100 mg per 5 mL (20 mg/mL) oral solution are packaged with a calibrated oral syringe to provide accurate dose measurements. Healthcare providers should read the instructions in the Medication Guide that describe the correct use of the oral syringe in order to help prevent medication errors from occurring.
Healthcare providers should discuss the correct use of the oral syringe with their patients.
Metronidazole Tablets, 250mg: Recall - Underweight Tablets
Teva Pharmaceuticals and FDA notified healthcare professionals and the public of a recall of Metronidazole Tablets USP, 250mg, lot #312566, expiration date 05/2012. This product lot is being recalled due to the presence of underweight tablets. Underweight tablets may not contain the full amount of active ingredient within a single tablet, and a consumer may not receive the prescribed dose. This may cause the infection the drug was intended to treat to worsen or recur, which could be life-threatening when treating severe infections.
Metronidazole is indicated for the treatment of symptomatic and asymptomatic trichomoniasis, and treatment of asymptomatic consorts, amebiasis and a variety of anaerobic bacterial infections. The affected Metronidazole lot is packaged in 250 count bottles and was distributed nationwide to wholesalers and retailers.
Consumers who have lot 312566 in their possession are instructed to cease using the product and return it to their pharmacy.
Albuterol Sulfate Inhalation Solution 0.083%, 3 mL Unit Dose Vials: Recall - Mislabeled Unit Dose Vials
The Ritedose Corporation is conducting a voluntary recall of 0.083% Albuterol Sulfate Inhalation Solution, 3 mL in 25, 30, and 60 unit dose vials. This product is being recalled because the 2.5 mg/3 mL single use vials are embossed with the wrong concentration of 0.5 mg/ 3 mL and therefore, represents a potential significant health hazard. Only the unit dose vials are incorrectly embossed as containing 0.5 mg/3 mL. The correct concentration of 2.5 mg/3 mL is labeled on the primary foil overwrap pouches and shelf cartons. Administration of this defective product could result in a range of potential health effects that spans from temporary and medically reversible to life threatening and death.
There is significant concern that health professionals who read the incorrect embossed concentration may upwardly adjust the volume of product used resulting in an administered amount that is 5 times the recommended dose. In the hospital setting, the vials are often not accompanied by the rest of the packaging, making it more likely that such a dosing error could occur. Significant overdosing of a patient could lead to signs and symptoms of albuterol toxicity, which includes tremors, dizziness, nervousness, headache, seizures, angina, high blood pressure, low potassium levels, and rapid heart rates up to 200 beats/minute.
This product is a prescription inhalation solution, administered via nebulization, for the treatment and maintenance of acute asthma exacerbations and exercise induced asthma in children and adults. The product is packaged as a single use unit dose vials in a protective foil overwrap packaged in a shelf carton. The following lot numbers manufactured by The Ritedose Corporation under NDC: 0591-3797-83, 0591-3797-30, and 0591-3797-60 are included in the recall: 0N81, 0N82, 0N83, 0N84, 0NE7, 0NE8, 0NE9, 0NF0, 0P12, 0P13, 0P46, 0P47, 0PF0, and 0S15. No other Albuterol formulations or products are included in this recall. This product was distributed nationwide and Puerto Rico.
Consumers should immediately return the affected product to the place it was obtained (i.e. doctor’s office, pharmacy, etc.). Wholesalers and retailers should return the product to the address stated in the firm Press Release.
Abbott Glucose Test Strips: Recall - False Low Blood Glucose Results
FDA and Abbott Diabetes Care notified healthcare professionals and patients of a recall of 359 different lots of glucose test strips marketed under the following brand names: Precision Xceed Pro, Precision Xtra, Medisense Optium, Optium, OptiumEZ and ReliOn Ultima. The problem relates to a defect that inhibits sufficient absorption of blood into the test strip. Strips exposed to warm weather or prolonged storage may be more likely to provide a false result. Test strips with lot numbers that have been recalled may give falsely low blood glucose results, which can lead patients to try to raise their blood glucose when it is unnecessary, or to fail to treat elevated blood glucose due to a falsely low reading. Both scenarios pose risks to health.
These strips are used with Abbott’s Precision Xtra, Precision Xceed Pro, MediSense Optium, Optium, Optium EZ and ReliOn Ultima blood glucose monitoring systems. As many as 359 million strips may be affected by the recall. The test strips, which were manufactured between January and May 2010, are sold both in retail and online settings directly to consumers, but are also used in health care facilities.
Tessalon (benzonatate): Drug Safety Communication - Potential for Accidental Ingestion by Children
FDA is warning the public that accidental ingestion of benzonatate by children under the age of 10 years can result in death from overdose. Overdose with benzonatate in children less than 2 years of age has been reported following accidental ingestion of as few as 1 or 2 capsules. Benzonatate may be attractive to children because of the drug's appearance (it is a round-shaped liquid-filled gelatin capsule).
Benzonatate is a prescription drug approved for relief of cough in patients over 10 years of age. The safety and effectiveness of benzonatate in children under 10 years of age have not been established. Benzonatate is sold under the brand-name Tessalon and is also sold in generic preparations. Individuals who experience overdose of benzonatate may exhibit restlessness, tremors, convulsions, coma, and cardiac arrest. Signs and symptoms of overdose can occur rapidly after ingestion (within 15-20 minutes). Deaths in children have been reported within hours of the accidental ingestion.
Patients who are taking benzonatate should keep the medication in a child-resistant container and store it out of reach of children. If a child accidentally ingests benzonatate, seek medical attention immediately. Signs and symptoms of benzonatate overdose can occur rapidly after ingestion (within 15-20 minutes) and may include restlessness, tremors, convulsions, coma, and cardiac arrest.
Reese Pharmaceutical: Recall Mislabeled Guaifenesin Tablets
Reese Pharmaceutical Company has voluntarily recalled lot# 091612 only in 60-count size bottles identified under four different brand names, listed below, because cold decongestant tablets (containing Acetaminophen 325 mg, Phenylephrine 5 mg & Chlorpheniramine Maleate 2 mg) were mislabeled as containing only 200mg Guaifenesin tablets. This mislabeling could cause a consumer to ingest the product and unknowingly be exposed to serious side effects of acetaminophen, phenylephrine or chlorpheniramine.
• Refenesen Expectorant (guaifenesin 200 mg tablets)
• Select Brand Mucus Relief Expectorant (guaifenesin 200 mg)
• QC Medifin Expectorant (guaifenesin 200 mg)
• Leader Cough Tabs Expectorant (guaifenesin 200 mg)
The mislabeled product does not warn consumers that Acetaminophen may cause liver damage. Ingesting high doses of Acetaminophen can potentially cause severe liver damage. The likelihood of acute liver damage is higher among consumers with pre-existing liver disease and those who drink three or more alcoholic drinks per day. Overdose may specially occur if consumers are also taking other cold/cough products that contain Acetaminophen in addition to the mislabeled product. Contraindications for Phenylephrine are high-blood pressure, poor blood flow to the extremities, and patients on antidepressants known as MAO Inhibitors. Furthermore, products that contain Phenylephrine should be used with caution in patients with high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, increased intraocular pressure, hyperthyroidism, or enlarged prostate. Consumers who are allergic to any of the ingredients or who have narrow angle glaucoma, or are pregnant or nursing mothers, also should not take the product.
Propoxyphene: Withdrawal - Risk of Cardiac Toxicity
FDA notified healthcare professionals that Xanodyne Pharmaceuticals has agreed to withdraw propoxyphene, an opioid pain reliever used to treat mild to moderate pain, from the U.S. market at the request of the FDA, due to new data showing that the drug can cause serious toxicity to the heart, even when used at therapeutic doses. FDA concluded that the safety risks of propoxyphene outweigh its benefits for pain relief at recommended doses. FDA requested that the generic manufacturers of propoxyphene-containing products remove their products as well.
FDA’s recommendation is based on all available data including data from a new study that evaluated the effects that increasing doses of propoxyphene have on the heart (see Data Summary in Drug Safety Communication). The results of the new study showed that when propoxyphene was taken at therapeutic doses, there were significant changes to the electrical activity of the heart: prolonged PR interval, widened QRS complex and prolonged QT interval. These changes can increase the risk for serious abnormal heart rhythms.
FDA recommends that healthcare professionals stop prescribing and dispensing propoxyphene-containing products to patients, contact patients currently taking propoxyphene-containing products and ask them to discontinue the drug, inform patients of the risks associated with propoxyphene, and discuss alternative pain management strategies. Patients were advised to dispose of unused propoxyphene in household trash by following the recommendations outlined in the Federal Drug Disposal Guidelines.
Needleless Pre-filled Glass Syringes: Stakeholder Advisory - Compatibility Problems with Needleless Intravenous Access Systems
FDA is notifying healthcare professionals, especially those working in emergency and critical care settings, of reports of compatibility problems when certain needleless pre-filled glass syringes are used with some needleless intravenous (IV) access systems. These syringes may malfunction, break, or become clogged during the process of attempting to connect to needleless IV access systems. Most of the reports have been related to pre-filled needleless glass syringes that contain adenosine, often when attempting to connect to some pin activated needleless IV access systems. Adenosine is a cardiac drug that is administered when a patient has a rapid or irregular heart rhythm in an attempt to return their heart rhythm to normal. Adenosine must be injected rapidly into the blood stream in emergency situations and this failure could delay treatment.
In some cases where an attempt is made to connect to pin activated needleless IV access systems, the syringe may cause the pin to break thus clogging the syringe, or damaging the IV tubing and/or the needleless connector and requiring reestablishment of a new intravenous access. These failures can cause a delay in administration of the medication, which could potentially result in serious harm to patients.
Adenosine pre-filled glass syringes are marketed by Teva, Sagent, Baxter, and Wockhardt. FDA has also received reports of problems related to certain pre-filled needleless glass syringes containing the cardiac drug amiodarone. See the FDA letter for a list of affected adenosine and amiodarone products.
Healthcare professionals, risk managers, and staff who purchase, stock, or administer emergency crash cart medications, operating room medications, emergency drug boxes, or types of emergency drug caches should be alerted to this incompatibility problem and potential for damage or blockage of the IV line and delay in administering the medication. Healthcare organizations currently using glass prefilled syringes should consider stocking adenosine supplied in vials or pre-filled plastic syringes as a back up measure.
FDA has expanded the scope of its review to include all currently marketed pre-filled needleless glass syringes intended for use with needleless intravenous access systems, where delay in administration could potentially result in a life threatening event. FDA is working with manufacturers to correct the problem and identify additional mitigation strategies.
Healthcare professionals and healthcare organization managers are encouraged to report adverse events or problems experienced with the use of needleless pre-filled glass syringes to the FDA's MedWatch Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program. FDA is interested in receiving information on the type, manufacturer and NDC numbers of the prefilled syringes and type and manufacturer of needleless IV access devices. FDA is especially interested in any description of the nature of the syringe failure, any adverse patient outcomes, and any mitigation strategies that have been identified or implemented by users of these products.
Methotrexate Injection, 50mg/2mL and 250mg/10mL Vials: Recall - Presence of Glass Particulates
Sandoz and FDA notified healthcare professionals of a recall of Methotrexate Injection, 50mg/2mL and 250mg/10mL vials, due to small glass flakes detected in a limited number of vials in four lots. The flakes are the result of delamination of the glass used to manufacture the vials of the two dosage presentations.
Parenteral injection of drug from the affected lots could lead to serious adverse events in areas where the particles lodge. Potential adverse events after intravenous administration include local damage to blood vessels in the lung, localized swelling, and granuloma formation. Intramuscular administration could result in foreign-body inflammatory response, with local pain, swelling and possible long term granuloma formation. Neurologic damage could result from intrathecal administration.
Methotrexate is an antimetabolite used in the treatment of neoplastic diseases, severe psoriasis, and rheumatoid arthritis, including polyarticular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
Customers and patients should immediately discontinue use of this product and patients should contact their physician or healthcare provider if they experience any problem that might be related to the use of this product. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration.
Heparin Sodium (B. Braun): Recall - Trace Contaminant
B. Braun Medical Inc. and FDA notified healthcare professionals of a nationwide recall of certain lots of Heparin Sodium USP Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) sold to B. Braun because testing indicated a trace amount of oversulfated chondroitin sulfate (OSCS) contaminant. These lots were manufactured in 2008 and will be expiring on October 31, 2010 and November 30, 2010.
Heparin is a blood thinner used to treat and prevent blood clots.
Customers who have product from the recalled product lots in their possession should discontinue use immediately. Product lot numbers, expiration dates, and recall instructions are listed in the Press Release.
Fentanyl Transdermal System: Recall - Potential for Active Ingredient to Release Faster Than Specified
FDA notified healthcare professionals and patients that laboratory testing identified a patch that released its active ingredient faster than the approved specification. An accelerated release of Fentanyl can lead to adverse events for at-risk patients, including excessive sedation, respiratory depression, hypoventilation (slow breathing), and apnea (temporary suspension of breathing).
Fentanyl Transdermal System is indicated for the management of persistent, moderate to severe chronic pain that requires continuous, around-the-clock opioid administration for an extended period of time and cannot be managed by other means such as non-steroidal analgesics, opioid combination products, or immediate release opioids. The product is manufactured for Actavis by Corium International in the United States.
Wholesalers and retailers are being asked to return the product they have on hand or in stock. See the Press Release for recalled product lots. The Control/Lot number appears on the bottom of the product box and on the black and white side of each individual patch packaging, in the lower left corner.
Tylenol 8 Hour Caplets 50 Count: Recall
McNeil is recalling TYLENOL 8 Hour caplets 50 count bottles to the retail level following a small number of complaints of a musty or moldy odor. The uncharacteristic odor is thought to be caused by the presence of trace amounts of a chemical called 2,4,6-tribromoanisole.
This voluntary action is being taken as a precaution and the risk of adverse medical events is remote. To date, observed events reported to McNeil were temporary and non-serious. The product lot number for the recalled product can be found on the side of the bottle label.
Consumers should stop using the affected product and contact McNeil Consumer Healthcare, either at www.tylenol.com or by calling 1-888-222-6036 (Monday-Friday 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Eastern Time, and Saturday-Sunday 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Eastern Time) for instructions about receiving a refund or product coupon. Consumers who have medical concerns or questions should contact their healthcare provider.
Avandia (rosiglitazone): REMS - Risk of Cardiovascular Events
FDA notified healthcare professionals and patients that it will significantly restrict the use of the diabetes drug Avandia (rosiglitazone) to patients with Type 2 diabetes who cannot control their diabetes on other medications. These new restrictions are in response to data that suggest an elevated risk of cardiovascular events, such as heart attack and stroke, in patients treated with Avandia.
Avandia is in a class of drugs known as thiazolidinediones, or TZDs. It is intended to be used in conjunction with diet and exercise to improve glucose (blood sugar) control in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Rosiglitazone also is available in combination with other diabetes medications, metformin under the brand name Avandamet or glimepiride under the brand name Avandaryl.
FDA will require that GSK develop a restricted access program for Avandia under a risk evaluation and mitigation strategy, or REMS. Under the REMS, Avandia will be available to new patients only if they are unable to achieve glucose control on other medications and are unable to take Actos (pioglitazone), the only other drug in this class. Current users of Avandia who are benefiting from the drug will be able to continue using the medication if they choose to do so.
Doctors will have to attest to and document their patients' eligibility; patients will have to review statements describing the cardiovascular safety concerns associated with this drug and acknowledge they understand the risks. The agency anticipates that the REMS will limit use of Avandia significantly.
Lamictal (lamotrigine) Label Change - Risk of Aseptic Meningitis
FDA notified healthcare professionals and patients that Lamictal (lamotrigine), a medication commonly used for seizures in children two years and older, and bipolar disorder in adults, can cause aseptic meningitis. Symptoms of meningitis may include headache, fever, stiff neck, nausea, vomiting, rash, and sensitivity to light. In cases of meningitis, it is important to rapidly diagnose the underlying cause so that treatment can be promptly initiated.
The decision to revise the Lamictal label is based on FDA's identification of 40 cases of aseptic meningitis in patients taking Lamictal (from December 1994 to November 2009). See the Data Summary section of the Drug Safety Communication for additional information.
Patients should be advised to contact their healthcare professional immediately if they experience signs and symptoms of meningitis while taking Lamictal. If meningitis is suspected, patients should be evaluated for other causes of meningitis and treated as indicated. Discontinuation of Lamictal should be considered if no other clear cause of meningitis is identified.
Nimodipine Oral Capsules: Medication Errors - IV Administration May Result in Death, Serious Harms
FDA reminded healthcare professionals that oral nimodipine capsules should be given only by mouth or through a feeding or nasogastric tube and should never be given by intravenous administration. Nimodipine is a medication intended to be given in a critical care setting to treat neurologic complications from subarachnoid hemorrhage (ruptured blood vessels in the brain) and is only available as a capsule. Intravenous injection of nimodipine can result in death, cardiac arrest, severe falls in blood pressure, and other heart-related complications.
In 2006, FDA added a Boxed Warning and made other revisions to the prescribing information to warn against intravenous use of nimodipine. The prescribing information also provides clear instructions on how to remove the liquid contents from the capsules for nasogastric tube administration in patients who are unable to swallow. The instructions recommend that the syringe used for withdrawal of capsule contents be labeled with "Not for IV Use." FDA continues to receive reports of intravenous nimodipine use, with serious, sometimes fatal, consequences.
The Drug Safety Communication provides additional information for Healthcare Professionals, for Patients, and a Data Summary of reported medication errors. FDA will continue working with the manufacturers of nimodipine and with outside groups to evaluate and implement additional ways to prevent medication errors with this product.
Evamist (estradiol transdermal spray): Drug Safety Communication - Unintended Exposure of Children and Pets to Topical Estrogen
FDA notified healthcare professionals and patients that it is reviewing reports of adverse effects from Evamist, an estrogen hormone used to reduce hot flashes during menopause. Children unintentionally exposed to the drug through skin contact with women may experience premature puberty. Female children may experience nipple swelling and breast development. Male children may experience breast enlargement.
Evamist is a topical product, sprayed on the skin on the inside of the forearm between the elbow and the wrist. FDA is currently reviewing reported adverse events and is working with the company to identify any factors that may contribute to unintended exposure. The Agency will update the public when this review is complete. FDA and the company are also evaluating ways to minimize the risk.
Patients should make sure that children are not exposed to Evamist and that children do not come into contact with any skin area where the drug was applied. Women who cannot avoid contact with children should wear a garment with long sleeves to cover the application site. Additional information for Healthcare Professionals, Information for Patients, and a Data Summary are provided in the Drug Safety Communication.
Coumadin 1 mg Tablet Blister Packs: Recall
Bristol-Myers Squibb determined that some of the tablets, over time, may not meet specification for isopropanol. Isopropanol is used to maintain the active ingredient, Coumadin, in the crystalline state, and could affect the therapeutic levels of the active ingredient. A decrease of active ingredient may increase the risk of clots which could lead to heart attack or stroke, and if there is too much active ingredient, there is an increased risk of bleeding.
The following lot numbers are included in this recall: Physician Sample Blister Packs: Lot# 9A48931A, 9A48931B, 9A48931C, expiration January 2012; HUD Blister Pack: Lot# 8F34006B, 8K44272A, 8K46168A, 9F44437A and 9K58012B with expiry dates between June 2011 and November 2012.
The recall only involves Coumadin 1 mg tablet blister-packs distributed in the U.S. This recall does not involve Coumadin 1 mg supplied in bottles or any other strengths and dosage forms of the product. Patients who may have product from the subject lots should contact their physicians to ensure that their anticoagulation therapy is not interrupted.
See the company Press Release for additional contact information.
Vitamin D Supplement Products: Medication Use Error
Some liquid Vitamin D supplement products are sold with droppers that could allow parents to accidentally give harmful amounts of Vitamin D to their infant. Excessive amounts of Vitamin D can be harmful to infants, and may be characterized by nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, excessive thirst, frequent urination, constipation, abdominal pain, muscle weakness, muscle and joint aches, confusion, and fatigue, as well as more serious consequences like kidney damage.
The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended a dose of 400 International Units (IU) of Vitamin D Supplement per day to breast-fed and partially breast-fed infants (AAP Pediatric Nutrition Handbook, 6th edition, p.466).
The easiest way to insure that an infant will not get more than the recommended dose is to use a product supplied with a dropper that will give no more than 400 IU per dose. If a caregiver cannot clearly determine the dose of Vitamin D that should be given to an infant or has any other questions, FDA recommends consulting with a healthcare provider before giving any of these products to an infant.
Benadryl Extra Strength Itch Stopping Gel: Packaging Changes to Reduce Use Errors
Johnson & Johnson and FDA notified consumers and healthcare professionals of changes to the graphics and information displayed on the front of the product container to reduce the risk of serious side effects from swallowing the topical Benadryl Extra Strength Itch Stopping Gel intended “For Skin Use Only". FDA received reports of consumers ingesting the gel rather than using it topically. Swallowing the gel can result in people receiving dangerously large amounts of the active ingredient diphenhydramine.
Between 2001 and 2009, 121 cases of ingestion of Benadryl Extra Strength Itch Relief Gel were reported to the manufacturer. Of these cases, 7 were considered serious because patients required treatment in the emergency room, hospitalization, or admission to the intensive care unit. Others reported adverse events included hallucinations, unconsciousness, sleepiness, difficulty walking, dizziness and inability to speak.
McNeil Consumer Healthcare Over-the-Counter Infants’ and Children’s Products: Recall
McNeil Consumer Healthcare and FDA notified healthcare professionals of a voluntary recall of certain over-the-counter (OTC) Children’s and Infants’ liquid products manufactured in the United States, including Tylenol, Motrin, Zyrtec, and Benadryl products. Some of these products may not meet required quality standards. This recall is not being undertaken on the basis of adverse medical events. However, as a precautionary measure, parents and caregivers should not administer these products to their children. These products were distributed in the United States, Canada, Dominican Republic, Dubai (UAE), Fiji, Guam, Guatemala, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Panama, Trinidad & Tobago, and Kuwait. Read the McNeil Press Release below for a list of affected products. Consumers can contact the company at 1-888-222-6036 and also at www.mcneilproductrecall.com
Name Change for Heartburn Drug Kapidex in effort to prevent medication errors
FDA Approves Name Change for Heartburn Drug Kapidex - change to Dexilant is part of FDA effort to prevent medication errors
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved a name change for the heartburn drug Kapidex (dexlansoprazole) to avoid confusion with two other medications – Casodex and Kadian. Effective in late April 2010, Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America Inc. will market Kapidex under the new name Dexilant.
Since Kapidex was approved in January 2009, there have been reports of dispensing errors because of confusion with the drugs Casodex (bicalutamide) and Kadian (morphine sulfate), which have very different uses from Kapidex and from each other.
Kapidex is a proton pump inhibitor used to treat heartburn and other conditions by reducing the amount of acid produced in the stomach. Casodex, marketed by AstraZeneca, is used to treat men with advanced prostate cancer. Kadian, distributed by Actavis Kadian LLC, is an opioid analgesic used to treat pain.
“The FDA is pleased to have worked with Takeda to take swift and responsible steps to change the name of this product in the interest of patient safety,” said Janet Woodcock, M.D., director of the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research.
The FDA evaluates new drug names before a product is approved to minimize confusion with existing drugs. Sometimes unexpected name confusions can occur once the product goes to market.
To improve this safety process, the FDA has issued a new guidance for industry titled Contents of a Complete Submission for the Evaluation of Proprietary Names. The guidance explains what information should be submitted to help in the evaluation of a proposed proprietary drug or biologic name, and to ensure compliance with other requirements for labeling and promotion.
These efforts are part of the agency’s Safe Use Initiative which was launched in November 2009. The goal of this initiative is to reduce preventable medical errors through collaboration with public and private institutions.
There will be no changes made to Kapidex other than its name. Health care professionals and other individuals responsible for ordering, stocking, and billing for the product should be aware that Dexilant will have a new National Drug Code (NDC) number associated with the product.
Individuals and health care professionals who have questions about the name change should contact Takeda at 877-TAKEDA-7.
Maalox Total Relief and Maalox Liquid Products: Medication Use Errors
FDA notified consumers and healthcare professionals about reports of serious medication errors involving consumers who used Maalox Total Relief when they had intended to use a Maalox liquid antacid product. Maalox Total Relief and the traditional Maalox products are both liquid medications available without a prescription, but are not interchangeable and are intended to treat different medical conditions. Maalox Total Relief is an upset stomach reliever and anti-diarrheal medication, while traditional Maalox liquid products Maalox Advanced Regular Strength and Maalox Advanced Maximum Strength are antacids.
Maalox Total Relief is not appropriate for individuals who want to use an antacid, since it contains the active ingredient bismuth subsalicylate which is chemically related to aspirin and may cause serious adverse effects such as bleeding. Maalox Total Relief should not be used in people who have or have a history of gastrointestinal ulcers or a bleeding disorder. It also should not be taken by children and teens if they are recovering from a viral infection, nor by individuals who are taking certain medications including: oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs), anticoagulation (thinning the blood) drugs such as warfarin (Coumadin) and clopidogrel (Plavix), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), and other anti-inflammatory drugs.
The Drug Safety Communication and Consumer Update contain additional information for healthcare professionals and consumers, as well as product label photos.
McNeil Consumer Healthcare Over-The-Counter Products: Recall
McNeil and FDA notified healthcare professionals of an expansion of the December 2009 recall. McNeil Consumer Healthcare has now applied broader criteria to identify and remove all product lots that it believes may have the potential to be affected, even if they have not been the subject of consumer complaints. Consumers who purchased product from the lots included in this recall should stop using the product and contact McNeil Consumer Healthcare for instructions on a refund or replacement. The affected product names and lot numbers for the recalled products can be found in firm's Press Release. Any adverse reactions may also be reported to the FDA’s MedWatch Program by fax at 1-800-FDA-0178, by mail at MedWatch, FDA, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20852-9787, or on the MedWatch website at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
Alka-Seltzer Plus Day & Night Cold Formula Liquid Gels - Incorrect Packaging
Bayer Consumer Care and FDA notified Consumers of a recall of a single product lot of the combination package of Alka-Seltzer Plus Day & Night Cold Formula Liquid Gels. The labeling on the foil blister card of certain packages within the lot were printed with the label reversed. The label for the green Night product appears under some of the blue Day product and vice versa. Consumers using the affected product lot may not be aware of the warnings of an antihistamine in the product that could cause drowsiness.
The affected Alka-Seltzer Plus product lot number can be found on both the interior blister package (in black text adjacent to the expiration date) as well as on the exterior carton containing the blister packaging (embossed on the side panel under the Bayer logo). This product was sold only in the U.S. at retail outlets nationwide.
* Package size: 20 liquid filled capsules per carton (12 day formulation capsules and 8 night formulation capsules)
* UPC#: 016500537779
* Lot #: 296939L
* Expiration: 5/11
Consumers who purchased combination packages of Alka-Seltzer Plus Day and Night Cold Formula Liquid Gels from the lot included in this recall should stop using the product and contact Bayer with any questions or for instructions on a refund or replacement. See the company Press Release for contact information
Local Anesthetics, Continuously Infused
FDA notified healthcare professionals of 35 reports of chondrolysis (necrosis and destruction of cartilage) in patients given continuous intra-articular infusions of local anesthetics with elastomeric infusion devices to control post-surgical pain. The local anesthetics (with and without epinephrine) were infused for extended periods of time (48 to 72 hours) directly into the intra-articular space using an elastomeric pump. Joint pain, stiffness, and loss of motion were reported as early as the second month after receiving the infusion. In more than half of these reports, the patients required additional surgery, including arthroscopy or arthroplasty (joint replacement).
Local anesthetics are approved as injections for the production of local or regional anesthesia or analgesia. The approved drug labels for local anesthetics do not include an indication for continuous intra-articular postoperative infusions or use of infusion devices, such as elastomeric pumps. The FDA has not cleared any infusion devices with an indication for use in intra-articular infusion of local anesthetics. Health care professionals are encouraged to follow the instructions for use of elastomeric infusion devices, and to not use these devices for continuous intra-articular infusion of local anesthetics after orthopedic surgery.
This notice provides further management considerations for healthcare professionals, information for patients, a data summary of the 35 reports, and references.
Dexferrum (iron dextran injection) - labeling change
American Regent and FDA notified healthcare professionals that anaphylactic-type reactions, including fatalities, have followed the parenteral administration of iron dextran injection. The Boxed Warning has been modified to recommend administering a test dose prior to the first therapeutic dose and observing for signs or symptoms of anaphylactic-type reactions during administration of Dexferrum. Fatal reactions have followed the test dose of iron dextran injection, even in situations where the test dose was tolerated. Patients with a history of drug allergy or multiple drug allergies may be at increased risk of anaphylactic-type reactions. It is recommended that resuscitation equipment and personnel trained in the detection and treatment of anaphylactic-type reactions be readily available during Dexferrum administration.
Relenza (zanamivir) Inhalation Powder
GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) and FDA notified healthcare professionals of a report of the death of a patient with influenza who received Relenza (zanamivir) Inhalation Powder which was solubilized and administered by mechanical ventilation. Relenza (zanamivir) Inhalation Powder is not intended to be reconstituted in any liquid formulation and is not recommended for use in any nebulizer or mechanical ventilator.
GSK is aware that Relenza Inhalation Powder is being removed from its FDA-approved packaging and dissolved in various solutions for the purpose of nebulizing zanamivir for inhalation by patients with influenza who are unable to take oral medications or unable to inhale Relenza Inhalation Powder using the Diskhaler. Relenza or zanamivir for nebulization have not been approved by the FDA. The safety, effectiveness, and stability of zanamivir use by nebulization have not been established.
Relenza Inhalation Powder should only be used as directed in the prescribing information by using the Diskhaler device provided with the drug product. Relenza Inhalation Powder is a mixture of zanamivir active drug substance and lactose drug carrier. This formulation is not designed or intended to be administered by nebulization. There is a risk that the lactose sugar in this formulation can obstruct proper functioning of mechanical ventilator equipment.
Heparin: Change in Reference Standard
FDA notified healthcare professionals and patients of a change to heparin, effective October 1, 2009, which will include a new reference standard and test method used to determine the potency of the drug and able to detect impurities that may be present in heparin. The change, which will also harmonize the USP unit dose with the WHO International Standard unit dose, will result in approximately a 10% reduction in the potency of the heparin marketed in the United States.
This may have clinical significance in some situations, such as when heparin is administered as a bolus intravenous dose and an immediate anticoagulant effect is clinically important. Healthcare providers should be aware of the decrease in heparin potency as they monitor the anticoagulant effect of the drug; more heparin may be required to achieve and maintain the desired level of anticoagulation in some patients.
There will be simultaneous availability of heparin manufactured to meet the “old” and “new” USP monograph, with potential differences in potency. Products using the new “USP unit” potency definition are anticipated to be available on or after October 8. FDA is working with the manufacturers of heparin to ensure that an appropriate identifier is placed on heparin made under the new USP monograph. Most manufacturers will place an “N” next to the lot number. FDA is also working with the heparin manufacturers to study the impact of this variation in potency and will make the results available when the studies have concluded.
Tamiflu (oseltamivir) for Oral Suspension: Potential Medication Errors
FDA issued a Public Health Alert to notify prescribers and pharmacists about potential dosing errors with Tamiflu (oseltamivir) for Oral Suspension. U.S. health care providers usually write prescriptions for liquid medicines in milliliters (mL) or teaspoons, while Tamiflu is dosed in milligrams (mg). The dosing dispenser packaged with Tamiflu has markings only in 30, 45 and 60 mg. The Agency has received reports of errors where dosing instructions for the patient do not match the dosing dispenser. Health care providers should write doses in mg if the dosing dispenser with the drug is in mg. Pharmacists should ensure that the units of measure on the prescription instructions match the dosing device provided with the drug.
Promethazine Hydrochloride Injection
FDA notified healthcare professionals that a Boxed Warning is being added to the prescribing information for Promethazine Hydrochloride products, describing the risks of severe tissue injury, including gangrene, requiring amputation following intravenous administration of promethazine. The Boxed Warning will remind practitioners that due to the risks of intravenous injection, the preferred route of administration is deep intramuscular injection and that subcutaneous injection is contraindicated.
Perivascular extravasation, unintentional intra-arterial injection and intraneuronal or perineuronal infiltration of the drug may result in irritation and tissue damage. Healthcare professionals should be alert for signs and symptoms of potential tissue injury including burning or pain at the site of injection, phlebitis, swelling, and blistering.
GDH-PQQ Glucose Monitoring Technology: possibility of falsely elevated blood glucose results
FDA notified healthcare professionals of the possibility of falsely elevated blood glucose results when using GDH-PQQ glucose test strips on patients who are receiving therapeutic products containing certain non-glucose sugars. These sugars can falsely elevate glucose results, which may mask significant hypoglycemia or prompt excessive insulin administration, leading to serious injury or death.
GDH-PQQ glucose monitoring measures a patient’s blood glucose value using methodology that cannot distinguish between glucose and other sugars. Certain non-glucose sugars, including maltose, xylose, and galactose, are found in certain drug and biologic formulations, or can result from the metabolism of a drug or therapeutic product. The FDA Public Health Notification provides a list of GDH-PQQ Glucose Test Strips and recommends that healthcare practitioners avoid using GDH-PQQ glucose test strips in healthcare facilities or take steps to never use them on patients receiving interfering substances.
FDA encourages the voluntary reporting of any medical device adverse events related to glucose meters or glucose test strips that do not meet the requirements for mandatory reporting. Adverse events should be reported to the FDA's MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program online, by phone [1-800-332-1088], or by returning the postage-paid FDA Form 3500 by mail [to MedWatch, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20852-9787] or fax [1-800-FDA-0178].
Dextroamphetamine, Amphetamine 20 mg Tablets (Barr Laboratories) recall
Barr Laboratories, Inc. issued a voluntary recall of Dextroamphetamine Saccharate, Amphetamine Aspartate, Dextroamphetamine Sulfate and Amphetamine Sulfate (Mixed Salts of a Single Entity Amphetamine Product) 20 mg Tablets, 100 count bottles, lot number 311756. The product is being recalled because the affected lot may contain some tablets exceeding weight requirements which may lead to super-potent tablets.
Clinically significant adverse reactions to a supratherapeutic dose could include cardiovascular, neurologic, psychiatric and gastrointestinal reactions. Customers who have this lot in their possession are instructed to cease using the product and return it to their pharmacy/distributor.
Colchicine (marketed as Colcrys)
FDA notified healthcare professionals of the approval of the first single-ingredient oral colchicine product, Colcrys, for the treatment of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and acute gout flares and of two previously uncharacterized safety concerns associated with the use of colchicine. Oral colchicine has been used for many years as an unapproved drug with no FDA-approved prescribing information, dosage recommendations, or drug interaction warnings.
FDA analyzed safety data for colchicine from adverse events reported to the Agency, the published literature, and company-sponsored pharmacokinetic and drug interaction studies. This analysis revealed cases of fatal colchicine toxicity reported in certain patients taking standard therapeutic doses of colchicine and concomitant medications that interact with colchicine, such as clarithromycin. These reports suggest that drug interactions affecting the gastrointestinal absorption and/or hepatic metabolism of colchicine play a central role in the development of colchicine toxicity. Data submitted supporting the safety and efficacy of Colcrys in acute gout flares demonstrated that a substantially lower dose of colchicine was as effective as the higher dose traditionally used. Moreover, patients receiving the lower dose experienced significantly fewer adverse events compared to the higher dose.
Based on this information, FDA has included important safety considerations in the approved prescribing information to assure safe use of Colcrys and is providing background information, a data summary and recommendations in this alert.
Recall: Prevnar Pneumococcal 7-valent Conjugate Vaccine, Wyeth
Wyeth is voluntarily recalling a lot of Prevnar®, Pneumococcal 7-valent Conjugate Vaccine, single dose pre-filled syringes. During a routine physical reconciliation of Prevnar® pre-filled syringes, Wyeth determined that a portion of a bulk lot of pre-filled syringes, which was not intended for commercial use, was inadvertently packaged and distributed with commercial product under Lot D50002. The product distributed as Lot D50002 met Wyeth’s quality acceptance criteria. Although some of the units of Lot D50002 were not intended for the commercial market, Wyeth performed a medical assessment and has concluded that the affected syringes present no health or safety risk to patients and that there is no need to revaccinate.
PRODUCT / LOT NUMBER / EXPIRATION DATE:
Prevnar pneumococcal 7-valent Conjugate Vaccine (Diptheria CRM197Protein)
0.5 mL single dose pre-filled syringe (10 per package)
NDC: 0005-1970-50 (10’s)/0005-1970-49 (Singles)
Lot Number: D50002
Expiration Date: February 28, 2011
Teva Pharmaceuticals USA issues a voluntary user-level nationwide recall
Teva Pharmaceuticals USA is initiating a voluntary recall of Propofol Injectable Emulsion 10 mg/mL 100 mL vials, lot numbers 31305429B and 31305430B. The product lots identified are being recalled due to the presence of elevated endotoxin levels in some vials within these lot numbers.
Teva has been notified of 41 propofol-treated patients who experienced post-operative fever, chills and other flu-like symptoms. Based on available information it appears that all febrile or flu-like reactions were self-limiting with spontaneous resolution.
Adverse health effects, such as fever, chills, or rigors, are possible with exposure to product with elevated levels of endotoxins. Serious adverse effects, such as disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, acute respiratory distress syndrome, shock, and death, are possible with exposure to product with high endotoxin levels.
For use as an anesthetic agent, propofol should be used only by professionals trained in the administration of general anesthesia. For sedation of intubated, mechanically ventilated patients in the Intensive Care Unit, propofol should be administered only by persons skilled in the management of critically ill patients.
Customers who have Propofol lots 31305429B and 31305430B in their possession are instructed to cease using the product and return it to their distributor.
Teva Pharmaceuticals USA is voluntarily recalling the aforementioned lots. FDA and CDC have been apprised of this action.
Consumers with questions may contact 1-866-262-1243 from 8:00 am – 8:00 pm EDT Monday – Friday.
Any adverse reactions experienced with the use of this product should also be reported to the FDA’s MedWatch Program by phone at 1-800 FDA-1088; by fax at 1-800-FDA-0178; by mail at MedWatch, HF-410, FDA, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20852-9787, or on the MedWatch website at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
Immunosuppressant Drugs: Required Labeling Changes
The FDA is requiring the makers of certain immunosuppressant drugs to update their labeling to reflect that immunosuppressed patients are at increased risk for opportunistic infections, such as activation of latent viral infections, including BK virus-associated nephropathy. These immunosuppressant drugs are used to protect against the rejection of certain organ transplants. The association of BK virus-associated nephropathy has previously been reported for another immunosuppressant drug, tacrolimus (marketed as Prograf). Monitoring for this serious risk and early intervention by the health care provider is critical. Adjustments in immunosuppression therapy should be considered for patients who develop BK virus-associated nephropathy.
FDA is continuing to review the safety of immunosuppressant drug products used in renal transplantation. The FDA urges both healthcare professionals and patients to report side effects from the use of immunosuppressant drug products to the FDA's MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program.
Brookstone Pharmaceuticals Issues a Voluntary Recall
Brookstone Pharmaceuticals, LLC, Alpharetta, GA has initiated anationwide voluntary recall of all lots of Concentrated Acetaminophen Drops (NDC#42192-504-16) in 16 ounce (473 ml) bulk containers. This 16oz container is comparableto the size generally used to package regular strength acetaminophen liquid preparations.This aspect of the product coupled with the absence of an integrated dosage deliverydevice is a contributing factor to possible dosing errors, especially inadvertentoverdosing. Brookstone has distributed 344 bottles nationally and has donated 5301bottles to charity for international distribution.
Over dosage of acetaminophen may result in liver toxicity, kidney damage, and blooddisorders. FDA is aware of several medication error reports that document lifethreateningor fatal adverse events in children less than three years of age, due toconfusion associated with the concentrated versus regular strength acetaminophen liquid.Also, in a recent FDA advisory panel, it was recommended that one of the two strengthsof acetaminophen should be removed from the market due to possible confusion whichcould result in overdosing.
Brookstone’s concentrated acetaminophen contains acetaminophen 80 mg/0.8 mL.Regular strength acetaminophen elixir contains 160 mg/5 ml. The firm is recalling itsproduct to the consumer level as a cautionary measure to minimize any confusion andpotential risk to patients from dosing errors.
Brookstone Pharmaceuticals has notified customers that it has voluntarily stoppedmanufacturing and shipping Concentrated Acetaminophen Drops in bulk containers andhas also advised customers (wholesalers and hospitals) to quarantine and hold the productfor return to Brookstone Pharmaceuticals for a full refund. Customers with questionsabout the recall may contact Brookstone Pharmaceuticals, LLC at 1-800-541-4802,option 2. Brookstone has not received any adverse events associated with this product butdue to recent advisory panel concerns, Brookstone has taken voluntary action.
The recalled drops were manufactured by Pharmaceutical Associates, Inc. This recall isbeing conducted with the knowledge of the Food and Drug Administration.
Customers who have this product in their possession should stop using it immediately.Any adverse events that may be related to the use of this product should be reported tothe FDA's MedWatch Program by phone at 1-800-FDA-1088 or by fax at 1-800-FDA-0178 or by mail at MedWatch, HF-2, FDA, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20852-9787.
MedWatch June 2009 Safety Labeling Changes
The MedWatch June 2009 Drug Safety Labeling Changes posting includes 31 drug products with safety labeling changes to the following sections: BOXED WARNING, CONTRAINDICATIONS, WARNINGS, PRECAUTIONS, ADVERSE REACTIONS, PATIENT PACKAGE INSERT, and MEDICATION GUIDE.
The "Summary Page" provides a listing of drug names and safety labeling sections revised. Clicking on a drug product name in the Summary View will take you to the "detailed view" page, which identifies safety labeling sections and subsections revised, along with a brief summary of new or modified safety information to the BOXED WARNING, CONTRAINDICATIONS, and/or WARNINGS sections.
The following drugs had modifications to the BOXED WARNING, CONTRAINDICATIONS, and WARNINGS sections: Prometrium (progesterone), Reglan (metoclopramide), Coreg (carvedilol), Prandin (repaglinide), Videx (didanosine), Amaryl (glimepiride), Aristospan (triamcinolone hexacetonide injectable suspension, USP), Cancidas (caspofungin acetate), CellCept (mycophenolate mofetil), Combivent (ipratropium bromide and albuterol sulfate), Coreg CR (carvedilol phosphate), Patanase (olopatadine hydrochloride), Rocephin (cefTRIAXone sodium), Strattera (atomoxetine hydrochloride)
FDA notified healthcare professionals that it is taking several actions to reduce the risk of overdose in patients using pain medications that contain propoxyphene because of data linking propoxyphene and fatal overdoses. The agency will require manufacturers of propoxyphene-containing products to strengthen the label, including the boxed warning, emphasizing the potential for overdose when using these products and to provide a medication guide to patients stressing the importance of using the drugs as directed.
FDA is requiring a new safety study assessing unanswered questions about the effects of propoxyphene on the heart at higher than recommended doses. Findings from this study, as well as other data, could lead to additional regulatory action. To further evaluate the safety of propoxyphene, FDA plans to work with several groups including the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services and the Veterans Health Administration to study how often the elderly are prescribed propoxyphene instead of other pain relievers and the difference in the safety profiles of propoxyphene compared to other drugs.
Varenicline (marketed as Chantix) and Bupropion (marketed as Zyban, Wellbutrin, and generics)
FDA notified healthcare professionals and patients that it has required the manufacturers of the smoking cessation aids varenicline (Chantix) and bupropion (Zyban and generics) to add new Boxed Warnings and develop patient Medication Guides highlighting the risk of serious neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients using these products. These symptoms include changes in behavior, hostility, agitation, depressed mood, suicidal thoughts and behavior, and attempted suicide. The added warnings are based on the continued review of postmarketing adverse event reports for varenicline and bupropion received by the FDA. These reports included those with a temporal relationship between the use of varenicline or bupropion and suicidal events and the occurrence of suicidal ideation and suicidal behavior in patients with no history of psychiatric disease.
Healthcare professionals should advise patients to stop taking varenicline or bupropion and contact a healthcare provider immediately if they experience agitation, depressed mood, and any changes in behavior that are not typical of nicotine withdrawal, or if they experience suicidal thoughts or behavior.
Cefepime (marketed as Maxipime) Update of Ongoing Safety Review
FDA notified healthcare professionals that it has finished its analysis of a possible risk of higher death with cefepime, an antibiotic, following publication of a study that suggested a higher rate of death in patients treated with this drug, as compared to patients treated with similar drugs. FDA reviewed this study data and conducted additional analyses based on additional data, including data submitted by Bristol Meyers Squibb. FDA has determined that the data do not indicate a higher rate of death in cefepime-treated patients. Cefepime remains an appropriate therapy for its approved indications. FDA will continue to review the safety of cefepime. As part of this ongoing review, both FDA and Bristol Meyers Squib are conducting separate analyses of death potentially associated with cefepime, using hospital drug use data. The results of these analyses likely will be reported in approximately one year.
Zicam Cold Remedy Nasal Products
FDA notified consumers and healthcare professionals to discontinue use of three Zicam Nasal Gel/Nasal Swab products (Cold Remedy Nasal Gel, Cold Remedy Nasal Swabs, and Cold Remedy Swabs, Kids Size) sold over-the-counter as cold remedies because they are associated with the loss of sense of smell that may be long-lasting or permanent. The FDA has received more than 130 reports of loss of sense of smell associated with the use of the three Zicam products. In these reports, many people who experienced a loss of smell said the condition occurred with the first dose; others reported a loss of the sense of smell after multiple uses of the products. People who have experienced a loss of sense of smell or other problems after use of the affected Zicam products should contact their health care professional. The loss of sense of smell can adversely affect a person’s quality of life, and can limit the ability to detect the smell of gas or smoke or other signs of danger in the environment.
Stimulant Medication in Children with AD/HD - Communication about an Ongoing Safety Review
FDA notified healthcare professionals that it is providing its perspective on study data published in the American Journal of Psychiatry on the potential risks of stimulant medications used to treat Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children. This study, funded by the FDA and the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), compared the use of stimulant medications in 564 healthy children from across the United States who died suddenly to the use of stimulant medications in 564 children who died as passengers in a motor vehicle accident.The study authors concluded that there may be an association between the use of stimulant medications and sudden death in healthy children. Given the limitations of this study’s methodology, the FDA is unable to conclude that these data affect the overall risk and benefit profile of stimulant medications used to treat ADHD in children. FDA believes that this study should not serve as a basis for parents to stop a child’s stimulant medication. Parents should discuss concerns about the use of these medicines with the prescribing healthcare professional. Any child who develops cardiovascular symptoms (such as chest pain, shortness of breath or fainting) during stimulant medication treatment should immediately be seen by a doctor.
FDA is continuing its review of the strengths and limitations of this and other epidemiological studies that evaluate the risks of stimulant medications used to treat ADHD in children. FDA and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality are sponsoring a large epidemiological study that will provide further information about the potential risks associated with stimulant medication use in children. The data collection for this study will be complete later in 2009.
Products involved include: Focalin, Focalin XR (dexmethylphenidate HCl ); Dexedrine, Dexedrine Spansules, Dextroamphetamine ER, Dextrostat (dextroamphetamine sulfate); Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine dimesylate); Desoxyn (methamphetamine); Concerta, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Metadate ER, Methylin, Methylin ER, Ritalin, Ritalin-LA, Ritalin-SR (methylphenidate); Adderall, Adderall XR (mixed salts amphetamine); Cylert (pemoline) and generics.
Levemir Insulin: Check personal supply of insulin to identify possible stolen and dangerous product.
FDA notified patients and healthcare professionals that some stolen vials of the long-acting insulin Levemir made by Novo Nordisk Inc. are being sold in the U.S. market, may not have been stored and handled properly, and may be dangerous for patients to use. The agency is advising patients who use Levemir insulin to:
1) Check your personal supply of insulin to determine if you have Levemir insulin from one of the following lots: XZF0036, XZF0037, and XZF0038.
2) Do not use your Levemir insulin if it is from one of these lots.
3) Always visually inspect your insulin before using it. Levemir is a clear and colorless solution.
4) Contact the Novo Nordisk Customer Care Center at 1-800-727-6500 for what to do with vials from these lots or if you have any other questions.
Propylthiouracil associated with risk of serious liver injury and death
FDA notified healthcare professionals of the risk of serious liver injury, including liver failure and death, with the use of propylthiouracil in adult and pediatric patients. Reports to FDA’s Adverse Event Reporting System (AERS) suggest there is an increased risk of hepatotoxicity with propylthiouracil when compared to methimazole. FDA has identified 32 (AERS) cases (22 adult and 10 pediatric) of serious liver injury associated with propylthiouracil use. Although both propylthiouracil and methimazole are indicated for the treatment of hyperthyroidism due to Graves’ disease, healthcare professionals should carefully consider which drug to initiate in a patient recently diagnosed with Graves’ disease. Physicians should closely monitor patients on propylthiouracil therapy for symptoms and signs of liver injury, especially during the first six months after initiation of therapy. Propylthiouracil should not be used in pediatric patients unless the patient is allergic to or intolerant of methimazole, and there are no other treatment options available.
Digoxin, USP 0.125 mg, Digoxin, USP 0.25 mg (Caraco brand)
AS Medication Solutions, LLC, a drug repackage company, announced today that all tablets of Caraco brand Digoxin, USP, 0.25 mg, distributed prior to March 31, 2009, which are not expired and are within the expiration date of August, 2011, are being voluntarily recalled to the consumer level. The tablets are being recalled because they may differ in size and therefore could have more or less of the active ingredient, digoxin. Caraco Pharmaceutical Laboratories, Ltd manufactured the recalled tablets. The recalled product is a scored round biconvex white tablet imprinted with “441”, with an NDC number of 54569-5758-0 (30-count). Consumers with the product that are within expiration should return these products to their pharmacy or place of purchase.
Tarceva (erlotinib): warning about GI perforation, exfoliative skin conditions and corneal perforation/ulceration
OSI, Genentech and FDA notified healthcare professionals of new safety information added to the WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS sections of the prescribing information for Tarceva. Gastrointestinal perforation (including fatalities), bullous, blistering and exfoliative skin conditions including cases suggestive of Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis, in some cases fatal, and ocular disorders, including corneal perforation or ulceration have been reported during use of Tarceva. The new safety information comes from routine pharmacovigilance activities of clinical study and postmarketing reports. Tarceva monotherapy is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer after failure of at least one prior chemotherapy regimen. In combination with gemcitabine, Tarceva is also indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic pancreatic cancer.
Testosterone gel products: Boxed warning of risk of unintended secondary exposure of children
FDA notified healthcare professionals that it will require two prescription topical testosterone gel products, AndroGel 1% and Testim 1%, to include a boxed warning on the products’ labels after receiving reports of adverse effects in children who were inadvertently exposed to testosterone through contact with another person being treated with these products. Despite the currently labeled precautions, FDA has received reports of eight cases of secondary exposure to testosterone in children ranging in age from nine months to five years. Since that time, additional reports of secondary exposure have been received by the agency and are presently under review. Of the fully reviewed cases, adverse events reported in these children included inappropriate enlargement of the genitalia (penis or clitoris), premature development of pubic hair, advanced bone age, increased libido and aggressive behavior. The gels are approved for use in men who either no longer produce testosterone or produce it in very low amounts. Both products are applied once daily, to the shoulders or upper arms. FDA has provided recommendations and precautions to minimize the potential for secondary exposure.
FDA warned consumers to immediately stop using Hydroxycut products by Iovate Health Sciences, Inc. Hydroxycut products are associated with a number of serious liver injuries. Hydroxycut products are dietary supplements that are marketed for weight-loss, as fat burners, as energy-enhancers, as low carb diet aids, and for water loss under the Iovate and MuscleTech brand names.
FDA has received 23 reports of serious health problems ranging from jaundice and elevated liver enzymes, an indicator of potential liver injury, to liver damage requiring liver transplant. One death due to liver failure has been reported to FDA. Other health problems reported include seizures; cardiovascular disorders; and rhabdomyolysis, a type of muscle damage that can lead to other serious health problems such as kidney failure.
The agency has not yet determined which ingredients, dosages, or other health-related factors may be associated with risks related to these Hydroxycut products. The FDA continues to investigate the potential relationship between Hydroxycut dietary supplements and liver injury or other potentially serious side effects.
Botox and Botox Cosmetic (Botulinum toxin Type A) and Myobloc (Botulinum toxin Type B)
FDA notified healthcare professionals that after an ongoing safety review initiated in February 2008, the manufacturers of licensed botulinum toxin products will be required by FDA to strengthen warnings in product labeling and add a boxed warning regarding the risk of adverse events when the effects of the toxin spread beyond the site where it was injected.
FDA will also require that manufacturers develop and implement a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy [REMS], including a communication plan to provide more information regarding the risk for distant spread of botulinum toxin effects after local injection, as well as information to explain that botulinum toxin products cannot be interchanged. The REMS would also include a Medication Guide that explains the risks to patients, their families, and caregivers. FDA is requiring the manufacturers to submit safety data after multiple administrations of the product in a specified number of children and adults with spasticity to assess the signal of serious risk regarding distant spread of toxin effects.
Libimax - Recall of dietary supplement due to undeclared drug tadalafil
Nature & Health Co. and FDA notified healthcare professionals of a recall of a supplement product, Libimax. FDA analysis found the product contains tadalafil, an active ingredient of an FDA-approved drug for erectile dysfunction. This product poses a threat to health because tadalafil may interact with nitrates found in some prescription drugs (such as nitroglycerin) and may lower blood pressure to dangerous levels. Consumers with diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or heart disease often take nitrates. Consumers who have Libimax in their possession should stop using it immediately and contact their physician if they experienced any problem that may be related to taking this product.
Dietary Supplements [Universal ABC Beauty Supply] - Recall
ABC Beauty Supply and FDA notified consumers and healthcare professionals of a recall of 34 dietary supplement products. FDA lab analyses identified undeclared sibutramine, an FDA-approved drug, used as an appetite suppressant for weight loss. FDA advises that these products pose a threat to consumers because sibutramine is known to substantially increase blood pressure and/or pulse rate in some patients and may present a significant risk for patients with a history of coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, arrhythmias or stroke. See the firm's press release for a list of affected products.
Influend Cough and Cold Products: Recall due to possibility of product being superpotent
ION Labs and FDA notified consumers and healthcare professionals of the recall of all Influend Cough and Cold products sold on or after May 30, 2008 due to the possibility that the products may be superpotent with possible complications ranging from tachycardia, palpitations, arrhythmias, and cardiovascular collapse with hypotension to headaches, dizziness, anxiety, restlessness and nervousness. Customers who have this product in their possession should stop using it immediately and contact their physician if they have experienced any problems that may be related to taking this product.
Ceftriaxone: Update on interaction with calcium-containing products
FDA notified healthcare professionals of an update to a previous alert that addresses the interaction of ceftriaxone with calcium-containing products, based on previously reported fatal cases in neonates. At the request of FDA, the manufacturer of ceftriaxone (Roche) conducted two in vitro studies to assess the potential for precipitation of ceftriaxone-calcium when ceftriaxone and calcium-containing products are mixed in vials and in infusion lines. These two in vitro studies were conducted in neonatal and adult plasma to assess the potential for precipitation of ceftriaxone-calcium using varying ceftriaxone and calcium concentrations, including concentrations in excess of those achieved in vivo. Based on the results from these studies, FDA now recommends that ceftriaxone and calcium-containing products may be used concomitantly in patients greater than 28 days of age, using the precautionary recommendations noted because the risk of precipitation is low in this population. FDA had previously recommended, but no longer recommends, that in all age groups ceftriaxone and calcium-containing products should not be administered within 48 hours of one another.
Raptiva (efalizumab) - Withdrawn from market
Genentech and FDA notified healthcare professionals of the voluntary, phased withdrawal of Raptiva, a medication for treatment of psoriasis, from the U.S. market due to a potential risk to patients of developing progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). By June 8, 2009, Raptiva will no longer be available in the United States. Prescribers are being asked not to initiate Raptiva treatment for any new patients. Prescribers should immediately begin discussing with patients currently using Raptiva how to transition to alternative therapies. The FDA strongly recommends that patients work with their health care professional to transition to alternative therapies for psoriasis.
Digoxin (Caraco brand) - Recall of tablets because they may differ in size
Caraco Pharmaceutical Laboratories and FDA notified healthcare professionals of a consumer-level recall of Caraco brand Digoxin, USP, 0.125 mg, and Digoxin, USP, 0.25 mg, distributed prior to March 31, 2009, which are not expired and are within the expiration date of September, 2011. The tablets are being recalled because they may differ in size and therefore could have more or less of the active ingredient, digoxin, a drug product used to treat heart failure and abnormal heart rhythms. The drug has a narrow therapeutic index and the existence of higher than labeled dose may pose a risk of digoxin toxicity in patients with renal failure. Digoxin toxicity can cause nausea, vomiting, dizziness, low blood pressure, cardiac instability, and bradycardia. Death can also result from excessive digoxin intake. A lower than labeled dose may pose a risk of lack of efficacy potentially resulting in cardiac instability. Consumers with the recalled product should return these products to their pharmacy or place of purchase.
FDA Acts to Halt Marketing of Certain Unapproved Prescription Narcotic Drugs
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today warned nine companies to stop manufacturing 14 unapproved narcotic drugs that are marketed in several dosage forms and are widely used to treat pain. The FDA's warning letters notified the companies they may be subject to enforcement action if they do not stop manufacturing and distributing prescription unapproved products that include high concentrate morphine sulfate oral solutions and immediate release tablets containing morphine sulfate, hydromorphone or oxycodone. This action does not include oxycodone capsules.
Watson Announces Voluntary Recall of Propafenone HCL Tablets
FDA and Watson Pharmaceuticals notified healthcare professionals and patients of a recall of Propafenone HCL 225 mg tablets, a drug product used to treat cardiac arrhythmias. The drug is being recalled because some tablets may contain slightly higher levels of the active ingredient than specified. Because it has a narrow therapeutic index, some patients who are particularly sensitive to small variations in dose may experience potentially serious side effects, including arrhythmias (irregular heartbeat) or low blood pressure. The affected lot [lot number 112680A, expiration date July 31, 2010] of Propafenone HCL tablets was shipped to customers between October 15, 2008 and November 26, 2008. The Press Release includes instructions for identifying and returning the affected product.
Myfortic (mycophenolic acid) Medication Guide released
FDA and Novartis notified healthcare professionals of the introduction of a Myfortic Medication Guide to provide important safety information in language that patients can easily comprehend. By May 15, 2009, a copy of the Myfortic Medication Guide will be enclosed with every Myfortic bottle. Pharmacists are required to distribute a copy of the Medication Guide with every Myfortic prescription.
DAYTRANA (methylphenidate transdermal system) patches
Shire plc announced today a voluntary market withdrawal/recall of thirty-nine (39) lots of the ADHD patch DAYTRANA. Shire is taking this action because some DAYTRANA patches no longer meet their release liner removal specification, and as a result, patients and caregivers could have difficulties removing the liners. Physicians, patients, and caregivers who have questions about DAYTRANA should call Shire’s DAYTRANA customer service line at 1-800-828-2088, option 1, and pharmacists should call 1-888-202-3822.
Zencore Plus recalled due to product containing undeclared drug
Bodee LLC and FDA notified consumers and healthcare professionals of a nationwide recall of all the company's supplement product sold under the name Zencore Plus. FDA lab analysis of Zencore Plus samples found the product contains benzamidenafil, an undeclared drug product and a PDE5 inhibitor. The use of Zencore Plus by an unsuspecting user of organic nitrates may pose a life-threatening risk of sudden and profound drop of blood pressure due to potential interaction between benzamidenafil and organic nitrates. Zencore Plus is sold in health food stores and by mail order on internet nationwide. Consumers who have this product in their possession should stop using it immediately.
Weight Loss Products - nationwide alert expanded
FDA expanded its nationwide alert to consumers about tainted weight loss products containing undeclared, active pharmaceutical ingredients. The FDA has identified additional weight loss products (Herbal Xenicol, Slimbionic, and Xsvelten) and new undeclared active pharmaceutical ingredients (fenproporex, fluoxetine, furosemide, and cetilistat). The current list now includes 72 products.
Insulin Pens: Risk of Transmission of Blood-borne Pathogens from Shared Use
The FDA notified healthcare providers and patients that insulin pens and insulin cartridges are never to be shared among patients. Sharing of insulin pens may result in transmission of hepatitis viruses, HIV, or other blood-borne pathogens. Insulin pens are not designed, and are not safe, for one pen to be used for more than one patient, even if needles are changed between patients because any blood contamination of the pen reservoir could result in transmission of already existing blood-borne pathogens from the previous user. The FDA is working with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, professional societies and healthcare organizations to reinforce patient and healthcare provider education about proper and safe use of insulin pens.
Transdermal Drug Patches with Metallic Backings
FDA notified healthcare professionals and patients that certain transdermal patches (medicated patches applied to the skin), containing aluminum or other metals in the backing of the patches, can overheat during an MRI scan and cause skin burns in the immediate area of the patch. FDA is in the process of reviewing the labeling and composition of all medicated patches to ensure that those made with materials containing metal provide a warning about the risk of burns to patients who wear the patches during an MRI scan. Until this review is complete, FDA recommends that healthcare professionals referring patients to have an MRI scan identify those patients who are wearing a patch before the patients have the MRI scan. The healthcare professional should advise these patients about the procedures for removing and disposing of the patch before the MRI scan, and replacing the patch after the MRI scan. MRI facilities should follow published safe practice recommendations concerning patients who are wearing patches.
Metoclopramide-containing drugs: chronic use linked to tardive dyskinesia
FDA notified healthcare professionals that manufacturers of metoclopramide, a drug used to treat gastrointestinal disorders, must add a boxed warning to their drug labels about the risk of its long-term or high-dose use. Chronic use of metoclopramide has been linked to tardive dyskinesia, which may include involuntary and repetitive movements of the body, even after the drugs are no longer taken. These symptoms are rarely reversible and there is no known treatment. Metoclopramide is available in a variety of formulations including tablets, syrups and injections. Names of metoclopramide-containing products include Reglan Tablets, Reglan Oral Disintegrating Tablets, Metoclopramide Oral Solution, and Reglan Injection. Manufacturers will be required to implement a risk evaluation and mitigation strategy [REMS] to ensure patients are provided with a medication guide that discusses this risk. Current product labeling warns of the risk of tardive dyskinesia with chronic metoclopramide treatment.
CellCept (mycophenolate mofetil) Medication Guide
FDA and Roche Laboratories notified healthcare professionals of the introduction of a CellCept Medication Guide to provide important safety information in language that patients can easily comprehend. FDA regulations require a pharmacist to distribute a copy of the Medication Guide to every patient who fills a CellCept prescription from this point forward. FDA has also required the introduction of a Medication Guide for mycophenolic acid, marketed as Myfortic by Novartis.
Ethex recalls prescription prenatal vitamin and iron supplement products
ETHEX Corporation expanded the company's previous recall notices to include prescription prenatal vitamin and iron supplement products. See the 02/03/2009 Press Release (www.fda.gov/oc/po/firmrecalls/ethex02_09.html) for a list of products included in the recall.
Ethex Corporation Product Recall
FDA notified pharmacists and consumers that ETHEX Corporation has expanded two previous 2008 recalls to include over 60 generic drug products recalled to wholesalers, and two generic drug products, Hydromorphone HCl and Metoprolol Succinate, recalled to retailer level. These generic products may have been manufactured under conditions that did not sufficiently comply with current Good Manufacturing Practices. Some of these products have had specific lots recalled earlier due to defects found, including oversized tablets delivering higher than labeled doses. These additional products are being removed to assure that no other defective products remain in the marketplace. Patients who may have these medicines in their possession should continue to take them in accordance with their prescriptions, as the risk of suddenly stopping needed medication may place patients at risk. Patients should contact their physician or healthcare provider if they have experienced any problems that may be related to taking or using these products, or to obtain replacement medications or prescriptions.
Ther-Rx Corporation Nationwide Voluntary Recall of Products
Ther-Rx Corporation, a subsidiary of KV Pharmaceutical, is issuing, as previously disclosed by KV Pharmaceutical Company on January 26, 2009, a voluntary nationwide recall of the products identified below (all lots within expiration) as a precautionary measure because they may have been manufactured under conditions that did not sufficiently comply with current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMPs).
The Drug Safety Newsletter, Volume 2, Issue 1, 2009 is now available
The Drug Safety Newsletter (DSN), Volume 2, Issue 1, 2009 is now available. DSN is published online quarterly, and provides information for healthcare professionals about the findings of selected post-marketing drug safety reviews, important emerging drug safety issues, and recently approved new drugs. The newsletter is intended to complement other FDA methods of communicating drug safety information to the public. FDA also hopes the newsletter will raise awareness of reported adverse events, and stimulate additional adverse event reporting by healthcare professionals.
Topical Anesthetics: reminder of potentially serious hazards of using skin numbing products
FDA issued a public health advisory to remind patients, healthcare professionals, and caregivers about potentially serious hazards of using skin numbing products, also known as topical anesthetics, for relieving pain from mammography and other medical tests and conditions. FDA is concerned about the potential for these products to cause serious, life-threatening adverse effects, such as irregular heartbeat, seizures, breathing difficulties, coma and even death, when applied to a large area of skin or when the area of application is covered. FDA is working with healthcare professional organizations and other media that distribute healthcare information to spread the message about the potential hazards and safe use of topical anesthetics. The Advisory and the Dear Colleague letter provide recommendations to both doctors and patients on safe use of these products.
HYDROmorphone HCl 2 mg Tablets (ETHEX Corp. and KV Pharmaceutical)
ETHEX and FDA notified heathcare professionals of a nationwide recall of a single lot of HYDROmorphone HCl 2 mg Tablets due to potential for oversized tablets. HYDROmorphone is a drug used for pain management. If someone were to take a higher than expected dose of HYDROmorphone, the risk of adverse effects known to be associated with the drug may be increased, including respiratory depression (difficulty or lack of breathing), low blood pressure, and sedation. The recalled tablets are a blue, round tablet with a script "E" on one side and a "2" on the other side.
The parent company of ETHEX Corporation, KV Pharmaceutical has advised FDA that it is voluntarily suspending shipments of all FDA-approved drug products in tablet form. This action is being taken as a precautionary measure, to allow KV to address manufacturing issues that have come to management’s attention. See the full MedWatch 2008 Safety summary for links to the Ethex and KV press releases and a list of KV products affected by the suspension.
Weight Loss Pills contain undeclared, active pharmaceutical ingredients
FDA alerted consumers nationwide not to purchase or consume more than 25 different products marketed for weight loss because they contain undeclared, active pharmaceutical ingredients that may put consumers' health at risk. The undeclared active pharmaceutical ingredients in some of these products include sibutramine (a controlled substance), rimonabant ( a drug not approved for marketing in the United States), phenytoin ( an anti-seizure medication), and phenolphthalein (a solution used in chemical experiments and a suspected cancer causing agent). The weight loss products, some of which are marked as "dietary supplements," are promoted and sold on various web sites and in some retail stores.
FDA advises consumers who use the products to stop taking them and consult their healthcare professional immediately as the health risks posed by these products can be serious (for example, high blood pressure, seizures, tachycardia, palpitations, heart attack or stroke). FDA also encourages consumers to seek guidance from healthcare professional before purchasing weight loss products. See the FDA News Release for a listing of the names of the 25 referenced products.
Oral Sodium Phosphate (OSP) Products for Bowel Cleansing (marketed as Visicol and OsmoPrep, and oral sodium phosphate products available without a prescription)
FDA has become aware of reports of acute phosphate nephropathy, a type of acute kidney injury, associated with the use of oral sodium phosphate products (OSP) for bowel cleansing prior to colonoscopy or other procedures. These products include the prescription products, Visicol and OsmoPrep, and OSPs available over-the-counter without a prescription as laxatives (e.g., Fleet Phospho-soda). In some cases when used for bowel cleansing, these serious adverse events have occurred in patients without identifiable factors that would put them at risk for developing acute kidney injury.
FDA is requiring the manufacturer of Visicol and OsmoPrep, the two OSPs available by prescription only, to add a Boxed Warning to the labeling for these products. FDA is also requiring that the manufacturer develop and implement a risk evaluation and mitigation strategy (REMS), which will include a Medication Guide, to ensure that the benefits of these products outweigh the risk of acute phosphate nephropathy, and to conduct a postmarketing clinical trial to further assess the risk of acute kidney injury with use of these products. FDA recommends, in light of the risk of acute phosphate nephropathy, over-the-counter laxative OSP products should not be used for bowel cleansing. Consumers should only use OSPs for bowel cleansing pursuant to a prescription from a healthcare professional.
Hospira's 20 mEq Potassium Chloride in 5% Dextrose and 0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP
Hospira, Inc. notified healthcare professionals of a recall of one lot (lot number 65-620-FW, expiration date May 1, 2010, NDC 0409-7902-09) of 20 mEq Potassium Chloride in 5% Dextrose and 0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP in 1000 mL flexible plastic containers. A small number of the containers may be incorrectly labeled with a bar code for 5% Dextrose Injection, USP (NDC 0409-7922-09). The incorrect bar code could lead to a medication error resulting in the wrong drug being delivered to a patient if a bar code system is used to confirm the medication. Potential adverse events related to an error of this type include electrolyte imbalance, cardiac dysfunction, gastrointestinal disturbances, paresthesia and mental confusion. The affected lot was shipped to U.S. customers between July 2008 and September 2008. Healthcare facilities with an existing inventory should quarantine the product immediately and call Hospira Customer Care at 1-877-946-7747 for instructions on how to return it.
Phenytoin and Fosphenytoin Sodium associated with potential increased risk of serious skin reactions
FDA is investigating new preliminary data regarding a potential increased risk of serious skin reactions including Stevens Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) from phenytoin therapy in Asian patients positive for human leukocyte antigen (HLA) allele, HLA-B*1502. This allele occurs almost exclusively in patients with ancestry across broad areas of Asia, including Han Chinese, Filipinos, Malaysians, South Asian Indians, and Thais. Until the FDA evaluation is completed, healthcare providers who are considering the use of phenytoin or fosphenytoin should be aware of the risks and benefits described in the current prescribing information for this drug. Healthcare providers should consider avoiding phenytoin and fosphenytoin as alternatives for carbamazepine in patients who test positive for HLA-B*1502. A summary of the data currently being analyzed by FDA, and information for patients and healthcare professionals to consider, can be found in the links provided in the MedWatch safety alert.
Infants' Mylicon Gas Relief Dye Free Drops (Simethicone-Antigas)
Johnson & Johnson - Merck Consumer Pharmaceuticals Company and FDA notified consumers and healthcare professionals of a voluntary recall of Infants' Mylicon Gas Relief Dye Free Drops (Lot No. SMF007 and SMF008) sold in 1 oz plastic bottles that were distributed after October 5, 2008, nationwide. The product was recalled because some bottles could include metal fragments that were generated during the manufacturing process. Parents who have given the product to their infant and are concerned should contact their healthcare professional.
ETHEX Corporation - Nationwide Voluntary Recall of Five Generic Products
Ethex Corp and FDA notified healthcare professionals of a voluntary recall of five generic products (Propafenone HCl Tablets, Isosorbide Mononitrate Extended Release Tablets, Morphine Sulfate Extended Release Tablets, Morphine Sulfate Immediate Release Tablets, and Dextroamphetamine Sulfate Tablets). The products were recalled because they may contain oversized tablets. Oversized tablets may contain more than the intended levels of the active drug ingredient that could result in patients receiving as much as twice the expected dosage of these drugs, which could cause serious or life-threatening consequences.
Overdoses can include arrhythmias and low blood pressure with Propafenone HCl; fainting and low blood pressure with Isosorbide Mononitrate; respiratory depression and low blood pressure with Morphine Sulfate; and rapid heart rate and high blood pressure with Dextroamphetamine Sulfate. Patients who experience any adverse reactions to these drugs should contact their healthcare professional immediately. See the manufacturer's recall notice for specific lot numbers of the products affected by this recall.
Dextroamphetamine Sulfate 5mg Tablets (Ethex)
Ethex Corp and FDA notified healthcare professionals of a voluntary recall of three lots of Dextroamphetamine Sulfate 5mg tablets. The product was recalled due to the potential presence of oversized tablets that may contain as much as twice the labeled amount of the active ingredient. Taking a higher than expected dose of Dextroamphetamine Sulfate may be associated with an increased risk of adverse effects such as tachycardia, hypertension, tremors, decreased appetite, headache, insomnia, dizziness, blurred vision, stomach upset, and drug mouth. Consumers and their caregivers should not use any Dextroamphetamine Sulfate tablets that appear to be oversized and should consult their healthcare professional with any questions.
Over The Counter Cough and Cold Medications
FDA notified healthcare professionals and consumers that the Consumer Healthcare Products Association (CHPA) is voluntarily modifying the product labels for consumers of over the counter (OTC) cough and cold medicines to state "do not use" in children under 4 years of age. FDA supports CHPA members to help prevent and reduce misuse and to better inform consumers about the safe and effective use of these products for children. FDA continues to assess the safety and efficacy of these products and to revise its OTC list of approved ingredients and amounts for these medicines. Parents and care givers should adhere to the dosage instructions and warnings on the label that accompanies OTC cough and cold medications before giving the product to children, and should consult their healthcare professionals if they have any questions or concerns.
OSI and Genentech notified healthcare professionals that cases of hepatic failure and hepatorenal syndrome, including fatalities, have been reported during use of Tarceva, particularly in patients with baseline hepatic impairment. Patients with hepatic impairment receiving Tarceva should be closely monitored during therapy and the product should be used with extra caution in patients with total bilirubin >3x ULN. Dosing should be interrupted or discontinued if changes in liver function are severe, such as doubling of total bilirubin and/or tripling of transaminases in the setting of pretreatment values outside the normal range. New information from a pharmacokinetic study in patients with moderate hepatic impairment associated with significant liver tumor burden has been provided in the revised prescribing information, and other recommendations are included in the WARNINGS and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION sections.
Epoetin alfa - Early Communication about an Ongoing Safety Review
FDA has been made aware of preliminary safety findings from a clinical trial conducted in Germany investigating the use of epoetin alfa to treat acute ischemic stroke. The clinical trial utilized doses of epoetin alfa that were considerably higher than the doses recommended for the treatment of anemia as described in the FDA-approved labeling for the product. Over a period of ninety days after the start of the trial, there were more deaths in the group of patients who received epoetin alfa compared to patients who received the placebo (16% versus 9%). Roughly half of all deaths in both groups occurred within the first seven days after starting the drug, with death from intracranial hemorrhage (bleeding within the brain) occurring among approximately 4% of patients who received epoetin alfa compared to 1% of patients in the placebo group.
FDA anticipates the receipt of additional data within the next several weeks. As soon as the review of these data is complete, FDA will communicate our conclusions and recommendations to the public. The finding of increased mortality in patients receiving epoetin alfa in the German trial suggests the need to closely monitor patients enrolled in other ongoing trials for adverse outcomes and to evaluate whether the potential benefits for enrolled patients outweigh the risks in these trials.
FDA informed healthcare professionals of the risk of adverse injection site reactions in patients receiving naltrexone. Naltrexone is indicated for the treatment of alcohol dependence in patients who are able to abstain from alcohol in an outpatient setting prior to initiation of treatment. Naltrexone is administered as an intramuscular gluteal injection and should not be administered intravenously, subcutaneously, or inadvertently into fatty tissue. Physicians should instruct patients to monitor the injection site and contact them if they develop pain, swelling, tenderness, induration, bruising, pruritus, or redness at the injection site that does not improve or worsens within two weeks. Physicians should promptly refer patients with worsening injection site reactions to a surgeon. Read the FDA recommendations for healthcare professionals to consider regarding the use of Naltrexone injection.
Simvastatin Used With Amiodarone
FDA notified healthcare professionals of the risk of muscle injury, rhabdomyolysis, which can lead to kidney failure or death, when simvastatin is used with amiodarone. This risk is dose-related and increases when a dose of simvastatin greater than 20 mg per day is given with amiodarone. Although a revision of the simvastatin labeling in 2002 described an increased risk of rhabdomyolysis when amiodarone is taken with simvastatin doses greater than 20 mg daily, FDA continues to receive reports of rhabdomyolysis in patients treated concurrently with amiodarone and simvastatin. Prescribers should be aware of the increased risk of rhabdomyolysis when simvastatin is prescribed with amiodarone, and they should avoid doses of simvastatin greater than 20 mg per day in patients taking amiodarone.
Fluoroquinolone Antimicrobial Drugs
FDA notified healthcare professionals that a BOXED WARNING and Medication Guide are to be added to the prescribing information to strengthen existing warnings about the increased risk of developing tendinitis and tendon rupture in patients taking fluoroquinolones for systemic use.
Fluoroquinolones are associated with an increased risk of tendinitis and tendon rupture. This risk is further increased in those over age 60, in kidney, heart, and lung transplant recipients, and with use of concomitant steroid therapy. Physicians should advise patients, at the first sign of tendon pain, swelling, or inflammation, to stop taking the fluoroquinolone, to avoid exercise and use of the affected area, and to promptly contact their doctor about changing to a non-fluoroquinolone antimicrobial drug. Selection of a fluoroquinolone for the treatment or prevention of an infection should be limited to those conditions that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria.
Solodyn (minocycline HCL) Extended Release Tablets 90 mg
Medicis and FDA notified healthcare professionals of the recall of lot numbers B080037 (Exp: 12/09) and B080038 (Exp: 12/09) of Solodyn Extended Release Tablets. The product was recalled because one of the bottles contained Azasan (azathioprine tablets) 75mg instead of Solodyn 90mg Tablets. Azasan is an immunosuppressive agent used in transplant patients to prevent kidney rejection and for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Taking Azasan instead of Solodyn presents a health hazard and safety risk to patients. Side effects associated with the use of Azasan, particularly in the elderly, include myelosuppression, infection, bleeding, chills, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Joint and muscle pain are also common side effects. Additionally, unanticipated interactions with other drugs may also lead to serious adverse events. The recall is limited to the lots referenced above. Healthcare professionals are urged to check their inventory and pull the referenced lot numbers from their stock and make arrangements with the manufacturer to return the product.
Use Caution with Over-the-Counter Creams, Ointments
Acne, cough due to a cold, athlete's foot, hemorrhoids, itching from insect bites, and minor aches and pains of muscles and joints—these are among the conditions that people treat by applying over-the-counter (OTC) creams and ointments to their skin. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) urges consumers to keep safety in mind when using such treatments.
FDA 101: Medication Errors
FDA has published a consumer-oriented article on efforts to reduce medication errors. The article discusses collaborative efforts undertaken by FDA, USP, and ISMP.
Tussionex: Reports of life-threatening events and deaths
FDA informed healthcare professionals of life-threatening adverse events and death in patients, including children, who have received Tussionex Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension (Tussionex). The reports indicate that healthcare professionals have prescribed Tussionex for patients younger than the approved age group of 6 years old and older, and more frequently than the labeled dosing interval of every 12 hours. Tussionex is contraindicated for use in patients less than 6 years of age because of their susceptibility to life-threatening and fatal respiratory depression.
Patients have administered the incorrect dose due to misinterpretation of the dosing directions, and have used inappropriate devices to measure the suspension. Overdose of Tussionex in older children, adolescents, and adults has also been associated with life-threatening and fatal respiratory depression. Prescribers should be familiar with the dosing recommendations of Tussionex before prescribing. In addition, patients and caregivers should use a properly marked measuring device to measure Tussionex to prevent overdose.
Spiriva & Foradil Capsules For Inhalation - Correct Use Of The Products
FDA informed healthcare professionals and consumers of the correct way to use Spiriva and Foradil inhalation powder capsules. FDA and the American Association of Poison Control Center’s (AAPCC) National Poison Data System have received many reports of patients swallowing Spiriva and Foradil capsules rather than placing the capsules in the inhalation devices. Both products are to be used in the HandiHaler (Spiriva) and Aerolizer (Foradil) devices to deliver the medicine to the lungs to improve breathing in patients with asthma, and in individuals affected by chronic obstructive lung disease and bronchitis. Both products will not treat a patient's breathing condition if the contents of a capsule are swallowed rather than inhaled. Healthcare professionals should discuss with patients how to correctly use the Spiriva HandiHaler or Foradil Aerolizer. See the Public Health Advisory for important information on the correct use of both products.
Cough and Cold Medications in Children Less Than Two Years of Age
FDA informed consumers and healthcare professionals that the Agency has completed its review of information regarding the safety of over-the-counter (OTC) cough and cold medicines in children under 2 years of age and recommends that these drugs not be used to treat children in this age group because serious and potentially life-threatening side effects can occur. FDA's recommendation is based on both the review of the information the Agency received about serious side effects in children in the referenced age group and the discussion and recommendations made at the October 18 -19, 2007, public advisory committee meeting at which this issue was discussed. FDA has not completed its review of information about the safety of OTC cough and cold medicines in children 2 through 11 years of age.
Edetate Disodium (marketed as Endrate and generic products)
FDA notified healthcare professionals and patients about important safety information concerning Edetate Disodium. There have been cases where children and adults have died when they were mistakenly given Edetate Disodium instead of Edetate Calcium Disodium (Calcium Disodium Versenate) or when Edetate Disodium was used for "chelation therapies" and other uses that are not approved by the FDA. Edetate Disodium was approved as an emergency treatment for certain patients with hypercalcemia (very high levels of calcium in the blood) or certain patients with heart rhythm problems as a result of very high amounts of digitalis in the blood. Edetate Calcium Disodium was approved to reduce dangerously high blood lead levels (severe lead poisoning).
The two drugs have very similar names and are commonly referred to only as EDTA. As a result, the two products are easily mistaken for each other when prescribing, dispensing, and administering them. Edetate Disodium and Edetate Calcium Disodium works by binding with heavy metals or minerals in the body allowing them to be passed out of the body through the urine.
Fentanyl Transdermal System - Updated Information On Appropriate Prescribing, Dose Selection, and Safe Use
FDA issued an update that highlights important information on appropriate prescribing, dose selection, and the safe use of the fentanyl transdermal system (patch). FDA previously issued a Public Health Advisory and Information for Healthcare Professionals in July 2005 regarding the appropriate and safe use of the transdermal system. However, the Agency continues to receive reports of death and life-threatening adverse events related to fentanyl overdose that have occurred when the fentanyl patch was used to treat pain in opioid-naive patients and when opioid-tolerant patients have applied more patches than prescribed, changed the patch too frequently, and exposed the patch to a heat source. The fentanyl patch is only indicated for use in patients with persistent, moderate to severe chronic pain who have been taking a regular, daily, around-the-clock narcotic pain medicine for longer than a week and are considered to be opioid-tolerant.
Patients must avoid exposing the patch to excessive heat as this promotes the release of fentanyl from the patch and increases the absorption of fentanyl through the skin which can result in fatal overdose. Directions for prescribing and using the fentanyl patch must be followed exactly to prevent death or other serious side effects from fentanyl overdose.
ISMP has written about this serious issue in past newsletters, which can be found at "Ongoing, preventable fatal events with fentanyl transdermal patches are alarming!"
FDA Public Health Advisory for Fentora
FDA issued a Public Health Advisory and a Healthcare Professional Sheet to alert healthcare professionals and consumers regarding concerns over the use of Fentora (fentanyl buccal) tablets after recent reports of deaths and other adverse events. The deaths reported were the result of improper selection of patients, dosing, or improper product substitution.
FDA further stated that it is dangerous to use Fentora for any short-term pain such as headaches or migraines. It is critical that Fentora not be used in patients who are not opioid tolerant.
Patients also must be under a doctor’s care and close supervision while taking Fentora and the dose should be carefully adjusted to control breakthrough pain adequately.
In addition, FDA is concerned about the improper substitution of Fentora, a quick acting pain drug, for other pain medicines. Fentora is not the same as other fentanyl products and cannot be substituted for Actiq, another fentanyl product used to treat breakthrough cancer pain. Because Fentora delivers more fentanyl to the blood than Actiq, substituting Fentora for Actiq using the same dose can result in a fatal overdose.
Fentora (fentanyl buccal tablet) and the occurrence of serious adverse events
Cephalon issued two Dear Healthcare Professional Letters to inform prescribers and other healthcare providers of important safety information regarding Fentora. Fentora is indicated only for the management of breakthrough pain in patients with cancer who are already receiving and who are tolerant to opioid therapy for their underlying persistent cancer pain. Serious adverse events, including deaths, have occurred in patients treated with Fentora. These deaths occurred as a result of improper patient selection (e.g., use in opioid non-tolerant patients), improper dosing, and/or improper product substitution.
Topical Anesthetic Drugs for Cosmetic Procedures
FDA is issuing this advisory to alert consumers to the potential hazards of using skin numbing products, also known as topical anesthetics, for cosmetic procedures. These topical anesthetics contain anesthetic drugs such as lidocaine, tetracaine, benzocaine, and prilocaine in a cream, ointment, or gel. Topical anesthetics are widely used to numb the skin for medical and cosmetic procedures, and to relieve pain and burning and itching due to a variety of medical conditions. Applying topical anesthetics for a medical procedure is usually done in a doctor’s office by a trained medical professional. However, FDA is aware that use of these products before a cosmetic procedure may not be supervised by trained health professionals. Without this supervision, a patient may apply large amounts of topical anesthetics to their skin. This application can result in high levels of these products in the blood causing life-threatening side effects, such as an irregular heartbeat, seizures, and death.
Compounded topical anesthetic creams can cause serious reactions including seizures, irregular heartbeats and death
FDA notified healthcare professionals and consumers about the serious public health risks related to compounded topical anesthetic creams. FDA issued warning letters to five firms to stop compounding and distributing standardized versions of topical anesthetic creams, marketed for general distribution. Exposure to high concentrations of local anesthetics, like those in compounded topical anesthetic creams, can cause grave reactions including seizures, irregular heartbeats and death. Compounded topical anesthetic creams are often used to lessen pain in procedures such as laser hair removal, tattoos, and skin treatments. They may be dispensed by clinics and spas that provide these procedures, or by pharmacies and doctors' offices.
ISMP has written on this topic on many occasions including our May 2005 issue of the ISMP Medication Safety Alert!, Community/Ambulatory Edition.
Advisory for Users of Diastat AcuDial Delivery Systems
The Food and Drug Administration is advising patients with epilepsy and their care givers of a potential hazard caused by cracks in the applicator tips of Diastat AcuDial (diazepam rectal gel) delivery systems. These cracks can result in the leakage of gel during its application, which results in the patient not getting enough of the medicine to control seizures. Caregivers for these patients are advised to call their local emergency response center or 911 for help in any seizure emergency.
Diastat AcuDial pre-filled syringes are designed to deliver diazepam gel rectally in patients with acute repetitive seizures, a condition that, if inadequately treated, can progress to a life-threatening condition in which seizures are continuous. The drug is typically administered by family members or caregivers at home.
Adverse events with benzocaine sprays
The FDA issued a Public Health Advisory to notify healthcare professionals and patients about adverse events, including methemoglobinemia, associated with the use of benzocaine sprays used in the mouth and throat. Benzocaine sprays are used in medical practice for locally numbing mucous membranes of the mouth and throat for minor surgical procedures or when a tube must be inserted into the stomach or airways. On February 8, 2006, the Veterans Health Administration (VA) announced the decision to stop using benzocaine sprays for these purposes. The FDA is aware of the reported adverse events and is reviewing all available safety data, but at this time is not planning action to remove the drugs from the market. ISMP has written on this topic on many occasions including our Oct. 3, 2002 ISMP Medication Safety Alert!, an article in the Archives of Internal Medicine (Reported Adverse Event Cases of Methemoglobinemia Associated With Benzocaine Products Thomas J. Moore; Christopher S. Walsh, PharmD; Michael R. Cohen, RPh, MS, DSc Arch Intern Med. 2004;164:1192-1196) as well as a recent press release.
Alert for Healthcare Professionals Nimodipine (marketed as Nimotop)
The FDA has requested that Bayer add a boxed warning to the nimodipine (Nimotop) labeling to warn about medication administration errors with nimodipine. Nimodipine is approved for oral administration to improve neurological outcome after subarachnoid hemorrhage. When administered intravenously or parenterally, it can cause serious adverse events, including death. Nimodipine must not be administered intravenously or by any parenteral route. ISMP wrote about the dangers of nimodipine accidentally given intravenously in the August 25, 1999 Medication Safety Alert ! as well as the July 25, 2005 edition.
Consumers Filling U.S. Prescriptions Abroad May Get the Wrong Active Ingredient Because of Confusing Drug Names
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released a public health advisory cautioning consumers about filling prescriptions abroad, due to the possible confusion of drugs with the same name but different active ingredients, an issue that ISMP has brought to light in the past. The advisory contains FDA-generated lists of identical and very similar brand names used for different drugs marketed in the U.S. and overseas. The impetus for the FDA’s investigation was ISMP’s January 27, 2005 newsletter article as well as subsequent Wall Street Journal coverage, which are both mentioned in the text. The FDA also notes that the advisory complements ISMP’s findings.
Press release: http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/news/2006/NEW01295.html
Public Health Advisory: http://www.fda.gov/oc/opacom/reports/confusingnames.html
Avinza (morphine sulfate extended-release capsules)
Ligand Pharmaceuticals Inc. and FDA notified healthcare professionals of revisions to sections of the prescribing information to highlight and strengthen the warning that patients should not consume alcohol while taking Avinza. Additionally, patients must not use prescription or non-prescription medications containing alcohol while on Avinza therapy. Consumption of alcohol while taking AVINZA may result in the rapid release and absorption of a potentially fatal dose of morphine.
Abbott Diabetes Care Blood Glucose Meters
FDA notified health care providers and patients of a problem with blood glucose meters made by Abbott Diabetes Care, Alameda, Calif. The meters can unintentionally be switched from one unit of measurement to another, resulting in an inaccurate blood glucose interpretation by the user. Users in the United States should make sure that their meter reading is displayed as mg/dL because an inaccurate reading can lead to taking the wrong dose of insulin or dietary changes, resulting in higher levels of sugar in the blood or hyperglycemia.
Toprol-XL (metoprolol succinate) extended release tablets
AstraZeneca and FDA notified healthcare professionals reports of medication dispensing or prescribing errors between Toprol-XL (metoprolol succinate) extended release tablets, and Topamax (topiramate), a product of Ortho-McNeil Neurologics, Inc. There have also been reports of medication errors involving confusion between Toprol-XL and Tegretol or Tegretol-XR (carbamazepine), products of Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation. These reports include instances where Toprol-XL was incorrectly administered to patients instead of Topamax, Tegretol, or Tegretol-XR, and vice versa, some of them leading to adverse events.
Injectable Products made by Central Admixture Pharmacy Service (CAPS) of Lanham, Maryland
FDA is notifying healthcare professionals and hospitals about a product recall involving all injectable products manufactured by Central Admixture Pharmacy Services, Inc. of Lanham, Maryland (CAPS) due to concerns regarding the sterility of these injectable products. CAPS distributed the affected injectable products to hospitals in Maryland, Delaware, Washington, D.C., and Virginia. Gram negative rods have been identified in two lots of Cardioplegia solution manufactured by CAPS.
NovoLog Mix 70/30 (70% insulin aspart protamine suspension and 30% insulin aspart injection)
NovoLog (insulin aspart injection)
Until recently, the labeling for these two products was very similar, with the exception of the product names. To facilitate the dispensing of the correct product, Novo Nordisk, Inc. has introduced color branded labeling for NovoLog Mix 70/30, a premixed insulin analog, and NovoLog, a rapid-acting insulin analog. The previous box for NovoLog Mix 70/30 was white with a blue band. The packaging for NovoLog previously was also white with a blue band. The current packaging is now white with an orange band.
Isotretinoin - Accutane and generic isotretinoin
FDA notified healthcare professionals and patients of the approval of a strengthened risk management program, called iPLEDGE, for Accutane and generic isotretinoin. The strengthened program requires registration of wholesalers, prescribers, pharmacies and patients who agree to accept specific responsibilities designed to minimize pregnancy exposures in order to distribute, prescribe, dispense and use Accutane.
Perrigo Infants’ Oral Drops Containing Enclosed Syringe
Perrigo and FDA notified healthcare professionals and consumers of the recall of all lots of concentrated infants’ drops that are packaged with a dosing syringe bearing only a “1.6 mL” mark containing:
- acetaminophen, dextromethorphan HBr, and pseudoephedrine HCl, or
- dextromethorphan HBr, and pseudoephedrine HCl.
The dosing syringe may be confusing in determining the proper dose for infants under 2 years of age as directed by a doctor and could lead to improper dosing, including overdosing.
Fentanyl Transdermal (Skin) Patch
FDA issued a public health advisory to alert health care professionals, patients and their caregivers of reports of death and other serious side effects from overdoses of fentanyl in patients using fentanyl transdermal (skin) patches for pain control. Deaths and overdoses have occurred in patients using both the brand name product Duragesic and the generic product.
Duragesic (fentanyl transdermal system)
Janssen and FDA notified healthcare professionals of changes to the BOXED WARNING/WARNINGS, CONTRAINDICATIONS, PRECAUTIONS, and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION sections of the prescribing information for Duragesic.
Children's Tylenol Meltaways - 80 mg, Children's Tylenol Softchews - 80 mg, and Jr. Tylenol Meltaways - 160 mg
McNeil Specialty Pharmaceuticals and FDA notified consumers and healthcare professionals about a nationwide recall of all lots and all flavors of Children's TYLENOL Meltaways 80 mg, Children's TYLENOL SoftChews 80mg, and Junior TYLENOL Meltaways 160mg. The recall addresses issues regarding the design of the blister package, information on the package, and bottle cartons for the products that may be confusing and lead to improper dosing, including overdosing.
Symbios GOPump and GOBlock Kits: Class 1 Recall - Potential for Excessive High Flow Rates
FDA and Symbios are informing the public of a recall of all GoPump Rapid Recovery System kits and GOBlock Kits manufactured with flow control components assembled prior to July 2012. The affected products may have excessively high flow rates. As a result, medications could be delivered too quickly from the balloon to the surgical site and cause patient toxicity due to the rapid influx of medication. This can lead to serious illness, including seizure, abnormal heart rhythms and death. Elderly patients and patients with low body mass are at high risk of these complications.
The Symbios GOPump Rapid Recovery System is a disposable local pain management system that consists of a small balloon that is inflated with a local anesthetic medication. The medication is delivered slowly through tubes from the balloon to the surgical site.
Please see the Recall Notice with listing of all the lot numbers affected. Customers who have purchased the affected devices were notified by letter dated May 10, 2013 about the problem and follow-up letters were sent on May 14, 2013 and May 30, 2013 notifying customers of additional recalled lots. Symbios is working to secure all affected product and have it returned.
Abbott Diabetes Care: Class 1 Recall - FreeStyle InsuLinx Blood Glucose Meters - Risk of Incorrect Test Result
Abbott initiated a voluntary recall of FreeStyle lnsulinx Blood Glucose Meters in the United States. At extremely high blood glucose levels of 1024 mg/dL and above, the FreeStyle InsuLinx Blood Glucose Meter will display and store in memory an incorrect test result that is 1024 mg/dL below the measured result. Blood glucose levels at 1024 mg/dL and above are very rare. However, if high blood glucose levels of 1024 mg/dL and above occur, they are a serious health risk that requires immediate medical attention.
The FreeStyle InsuLinx Blood Glucose Meter measures sugar (glucose) in blood drawn from the fingertips of people with diabetes to monitor blood sugar levels. On April 15, 2013, Abbott Diabetes Care sent an Urgent Product Recall letter to all its affected customers. The FreeStyle InsuLinx Blood Glucose Meters were distributed from April 18, 2012 through April 1, 2013.
Consumers who are using the FreeStyle InsuLinx Meter should immediately take one of the following actions to address this issue with your meter:
Access a software update to install on your meter to resolve the issue at: www.freestyleinsulinx.com/swupdate. The software update will allow you to maintain settings and historical data on your meter.
Contact Abbott Diabetes Care Customer Service at 1-866-723-2697 to expedite return and replacement of your FreeStyle InsuLinx meter at no charge. Replacements are available, and Abbott will send a meter to you immediately upon request.
Healthcare professionals who have FreeStyle InsuLinx Blood Glucose Monitoring Kits are advised to immediately discontinue dispensing them to your patients, and to arrange for product return and replacement, call Abbott Diabetes Care customer service at 1-866-723-2697.
Hospira Inc., GemStar Infusion System: Recall - Lithium Battery Low Voltage
Hospira notified healthcare professionals of a Class I recall of the GemStar Infusion System, Models 13000, 13100, 13150, 13086, 13087, 13088. When the GemStar Lithium battery voltage level drops below 2.4 volts, an "11/004" error is displayed and the device is rendered inoperable. This failure mode results in a delay/interruption of therapy. Additionally, infusion settings and event history logs will be erased as a result of this device malfunction.
The severity of the clinical impact, due to the delay/interruption in therapy, is dependent upon the underlying condition of the patient and the treatment being prescribed. A delay/interruption in therapy has a worst case potential to result in a significant injury or death.
The affected units were manufactured and distributed between February 1999 and April 2013.
The GemStar Infusion System is a small, lightweight, single-channeled device designed for use in the home, hospital or anywhere electronic infusion is required. The device is intended for use in intravenous, arterial, subcutaneous, short-term epidural infusion and parenteral administration of general I.V. fluids, medications, nutritional foods and blood/blood products.
The customer notification letter stated that lithium batteries that are older than three (3) years should be replaced. Contact the Hospira Advanced Knowledge Center at 1-800-241-4002, option 4, 24 hours a day/7 days a week, to determine if your battery needs to be replaced and if necessary to arrange for the return of your device to perform battery replacement. Facilities that periodically retrieve the history logs from their GemStar Infusion System should consider retrieving them more often to reduce the amount of history log information that would be lost should this failure occur.
Healthcare professionals are advised to weigh the risk/benefit to patients associated with the use of the device when administering critical therapies. Customers should consider the use of an alternative product, particularly in patients in which a delay/interruption in therapy could result in significant injury or death.
LifeScan, Inc. OneTouch Verio IQ Blood Glucose Meter – Class I Recall: Failure to Provide a Warning at Extremely High Blood Glucose Levels
At extremely high blood glucose levels of 1024 mg/dL and above, the OneTouch Verio IQ Meter will turn off instead of displaying the message “EXTREME HIGH GLUCOSE above 600 mg/dL” as intended. When turned back on, the meter enters the “Set-Up” mode and requires the user to confirm the date and time settings before being able to test again. However, if the glucose level is still measuring1024 mg/dL or above when testing, the meter will shut down again.
The OneTouch Verio IQ Blood Glucose Meter is an over-the counter single-use device intended to be used by a patient outside of a health care facility as an aid to monitor the effectiveness of diabetes control measures sugar (glucose) in blood drawn from the fingertips. All OneTouch Verio IQ Blood Glucose Meters are being recalled and were distributed from December 14, 2011 through March 7, 2013.
If the OneTouch Verio IQ Meter unexpectedly turns off and enters set-up mode after turning it back on, blood glucose may be extremely high, and you should call your health care professional. Call LifeScan Customer Service at 1-800-717-0276 for support.
CareFusion Alaris PC Unit with Software V9.12: Class 1 Recall - Communication Error When Attached to EtCO2 or SpO2 Modules
CareFusion Corporation has received reports of customers experiencing a communication error on the Alaris PC unit (model 8015) with software version 9.12 when attached to the Alaris EtCO2 module (model 8300) or the Alaris SpO2 module (models 8210 and 8220).The firm issued a recall notification letter informing affected customers. While toggling between the Alaris EtCO2 Main Screen, displaying the Capnography waveform, and the EtCO2 Limits screen, the Alaris PC unit may experience a communication error. The communication error can also be experienced while toggling between the Alaris SpO2 Main Screen, displaying the Pleth waveform, and the SpO2 Limits screen. The Alaris PC unit will produce an audible alarm and the attached modules will display a Communications Error message with a flashing red light. Refer to the Recall Notice for additional details.
When the Alaris PC unit experiences a communication error, the programmed infusion(s) will continue as programmed. However, no further key presses on the Alaris PC unit have an effect on the system except for the System On key which allows the user to power down the device. Powering down of the device results in termination of all infusions. Termination of an infusion could result in serious injury or death.
The Alaris PC unit (model 8015) is part of the Alaris electronic infusion pump. An electronic infusion pump delivers controlled amounts of medications or other fluids to patients through intravenous (IV), intra-arterial (IA), epidural, and other acceptable routes of administration.
Either discontinue the use of the EtCO2 or SpO2 module(s) until the correction has been implemented by CareFusion, or weigh the risk/benefit to patients before continuing to use the Alaris EtCO2 module or Alaris SpO2 module(s). If you experience a communication error on the Alaris PC unit, contact CareFusion Customer Advocacy at 1-888-812-3266, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week or by email at email@example.com.
Animas Corporation 2020 Insulin Infusion Pump: Class I Recall - False Alarm or Warning Sound
Animas identified a component issue affecting Animas 2020 Infusion Insulin Pumps manufactured from March 1, 2012 to November 30, 2012. The component issue may trigger the pumps to sound a false alarm or warning related to one of the following:
“Loss of prime”
“No Cartridge detected”
If you receive any of these alarms, the pump may prompt you to complete the rewind, load and prime sequence to clear this alarm. Failure to follow the pump’s safety instructions and disconnect your infusion set from your body before the “rewind, load and prime” steps can lead to unintended delivery of insulin, placing you in danger of potential serious health risks, such as hypoglycemia.
The Animas 2020 Insulin Pump also has a software limitation that will impact the ability of the pump to function past December 31, 2015. After this date, the pump will no linger deliver insulin and will generate a “Call Service Alarm.”
The Animas 2020 Insulin Pumps are used to deliver insulin directly into your blood for the treatment of diabetes.
Customers with the device should contact Animas’ Product Fulfillment Center at 877-280-2339 between the hours of 6 a.m. and 12 a.m. EST to schedule shipment of your free replacement pump. Customers with technical questions or who want to report a concern should contact Customer Technical Support Center at 866-793-5253.
Symbios GOPump Elastomeric Infusion PumpKit: Class 1 Recall - Flow Restrictor Bead May Become Displaced from its Fitting
Symbios Medical Products, LLC sent its customers an "URGENT MEDICAL DEVICE RECALL" notification letter detailing the reason for recall and products listed. The reason for the recall is that the flow restrictor bead may become displaced from its fitting which may permit solutions to flow at a higher rate than intended. This product may cause serious adverse health consequences, including death. These kits were distributed between Sept. 10, 2012 and Feb. 11, 2013. Refer to the Recall Notice for a list of kit part numbers.
The Symbios Disposable Infusion Pump Kit is a disposable, self-contained infusion system using an inflatable elastomeric reservoir to mechanically provide percutaneous infusion of prescribed solutions at a pre-set rate for post-operative pain management.
Customers are asked to: segregate recalled product, complete verification form, indicate returned products on verification form, obtain a returned goods authorization (RGA) number, and package the returned products. Refer to the Recall Notice for details.
Medtronic Drug Infusion Pumps: Recall - Intermittent or Permanent Pump Motor Stall
FDA and Medtronic notified healthcare professionals that using unapproved drugs with the SynchroMed Infusion Pump may negatively impact the pump’s performance. The use of unapproved drugs can lead to intermittent or permanent pump motor stall and cessation of drug infusion. A cessation of drug infusion may cause serious adverse health consequences, including death.
The SynchroMed II and SynchroMed EL Implantable Drug Infusion Pumps contain and administer prescribed drugs or fluids to a specific site inside the patient’s body. Currently, the approved drugs for use with the SynchroMed Infusion Pump are Infumorp, Lioresal, Prialt (Ziconotide), Floxuridine, Methotrexate and Gablofen.
These infusion pumps were manufactured from May 1998 through November 2012 and distributed from April 1999 through November 2012. Model numbers can be found in the recall notice.
To minimize the potential for motor stall, the firm recommended that healthcare professionals only use the approved drugs that are identified in the SynchroMed Infusion Pump labeling or drugs approved by FDA that are labeled for use with the SynchroMed II pump. Do not use compounded drugs, unapproved concentrations, or unapproved formulations with the SynchroMed Infusion Pump
Refer to the Medtronic Medical Device Safety Notification, sent November 9, 2012 to healthcare professionals which includes detailed information about this issue. In addition to the Healthcare Professional Letter, the safety notification provided a white paper documenting the Increased Risk of Motor Stall and Loss of or Change in Therapy when Unapproved Drug Formulations are used with the SynchroMed Pump and a summary of the drugs that are approved to be used with the SynchroMed.
Baxter Healthcare Corp. Buretrol Solution Sets: Class 1 Recall - May Not Function as Expected
Baxter Healthcare Corp. (Baxter) has initiated a voluntary recall of its Buretrol Solution Sets because the ball-valve feature may not function as expected. Baxter has determined that the ball-valve component is allowing air to flow past the valve and enter the tubing once the pre-measured amount of fluids is completely administered to the patient. If the air is not removed, the air present in the tubing may enter the patient’s vascular system potentially causing air in the bloodstream (an air embolism). This product may cause serious adverse health consequences, including death.
Baxter Healthcare Corp. Buretrol Solution Sets are non-reusable, disposable devices used for the administration of fluids from a container into the patient’s blood vessels (vascular system) through a device that allows frequent access to patients’ veins (a vascular access device). Products were manufactured from April 30, 2003 through July 26, 2012 and were distributed from May 1, 2003 through August 16, 2012. For products affected see Recall Notice.
On September 7, 2012, Baxter Healthcare sent an Urgent Product Recall letter to affected customers informing them of the problem with the ball-valve feature. Customers were asked to do the following:
STOP using affected Buretrol Solution Sets.
Contact Baxter for instructions on how to return the affected product.
Hospira Symbiq Infusion System Touchscreen: Class 1 Recall - May Not Respond to Selection
FDA notified healthcare professionals and provider organizations of the Class 1 recall of the Symbiq pump touchscreen. These devices may not respond to user selection, may experience a delayed response or may register a different value from the value selected by the user. Failure of the touchscreen to respond to user input could result in a delay or interruption in therapy or over delivery or under delivery of medication if the user does not confirm the programmed values on the pump''s confirmation screen before starting the infusion. All serial numbers for these models are affected by this recall.
The Symbiq infusion pump is a prescription device used to deliver controlled amounts of medications or other fluids to patients through intravenous, intra-arterial, epidural, and other acceptable routes of administration. The touchscreen is used to control infusion pump settings for patient therapy.
On August 29, 2012, an Urgent Device Correction letter [see link in Recall Notice] notifying customers of this recall was mailed by Stericycle, Inc. on behalf of Hospira. Customers were instructed not to return affected Symbiq infusion pumps. The letter lists steps that users may take to confirm that infusion settings are correctly entered as well instructions for how to stop an infusion. Health care providers experiencing the described issue should remove the impacted device from use and contact their institution''s biomedical or clinical engineering department to perform the touchscreen test described in the Symbiq technical service manual. If the biomedical or clinical engineering department identifies that the device is not working properly, contact Hospira.
I-Flow ON-Q Pump with ONDEMAND Bolus Button: Class I Recall - Risk of Continuous Infusion at a Rate Greater Than Expected
FDA notified healthcare professionals that the I-Flow ON-Q Pump with ONDEMAND Bolus Button may not lock in the down position when depressed and/or the orange bolus refill indicator may stay in the lowest most position. When this occurs, the patient may receive continuous infusion at a rate greater than expected. As a result, this product may cause serious adverse health consequences, including death. See the Recall Notice for a listing of affected product numbers.
The On-Q pump with ONDEMAND bolus button is used for continuous and intermittent delivery of medicines (such as local anesthetics or narcotics) to or around surgical wound sites and/or to nearby nerves for pre-operative, during the procedure/surgery (perioperative), and for post-operative regional anesthetic and pain management.
On May 8, 2012, the firm sent an IMPORTANT VOLUNTARY RECALL NOTICE to its customers who purchased the ON-Q pump with ONDEMAND bolus button. Customers should identify all affected products within your inventory and Quarantine the affected products.
Baxter Healthcare Corporation, Automix Automated Nutrition Compounder Systems: Class I Recall - Risk of Fluid Entry into Device Keypads
FDA notified healthcare professional of a Class I recall of Baxter Healthcare Automix Automated Nutrition Compounder Systems, due to incorrect key press responses, caused by fluid entry into device keypads, and intermittent electrical failures. Fluids, such as water, cleaning solutions, and nutrition source solutions, may enter into the keypad of the Automix control module and may cause the Automix to generate an incorrect device response to an Automix operator's key press. The intermittent electrical failures may cause the motors on the Automix to pump nutrition solution when not programmed to do so, or may cause the Automix to stop compounding before it has finished appropriately mixing the Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) Solution. Causes for the intermittent electrical failures have not been determined.
The incorrect key response failure and the intermittent electrical failures may lead to improperly mixed TPN solutions (e.g. incorrect volumes, incorrect solutions, and/or solution incompatibilities). For critical components of TPN, such as Potassium Chloride and Calcium Chloride, large variations in dosing in highly vulnerable patients could lead to serious injury and/or death.
Baxter Healthcare Corp. Automix Compounder Systems are automated nutrition compounders that use weight-based (gravimetric) measuring, often controlled by software, to provide compounding of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) solutions to a patient.
Customers should discontinue using the Automix compounder and transition to an alternative option as soon as possible.
CareFusion 303, Alaris Pump Module, Model 8100: Class I Recall - Potential for Pump Malfunction To Stop Infusion
FDA notified healthcare professionals of a Class I Recall of the CareFusion 303, Alaris Pump Module, Model 8100, due to a potential for the pump module door keypad overlay to become loose, peel away, or separate from the door assembly. This could cause a potential for fluid ingress which could lead to a keypad malfunction, causing the infusion to stop with alarm. When infusion stops, serious injury or death may result.
The pump module is intended for healthcare facilities that use infusion for the delivery of fluids, drugs, blood, and blood products using continuous or intermittent delivery through intravenous, intra-arterial, subcutaneous, epidural, enteral, or irrigation of fluid spaces routes of administration. The pump module is used for adults, children, and newborns.
Starting on July 20, 2102, each affected customer and distributor received an URGENT: Medical Device Recall Notification letter, FAQs, Summary of Affected Units and Response Card by overnight courier service. Customers were asked to visually examine the pump module keypad overlay for obvious signs of overlay separation. (See photo of an example of a separating keypad overlay in link below by locating CareFusion’s URGENT: Medical Device Recall Notification letter. The problem may look different on different pump modules). See a listing of affected serial numbers in the FDA Recall Notice.
Carefusion informed customers that they will contact their facility by phone within 60 days of receiving the letter to schedule a visit to replace the door assembly on their affected pump module.
B. Braun Infusomat Space Infusion System: Class I Recall - Potential for Breakage of Anti Free Flow Clip Catch
FDA Notified healthcare professionals of a Class I Recall of the B. Braun Infusomat Space Infusion System, due to the potential for breakage of the anti free flow clip catch located inside the infusion pump door. Breakage may occur when the IV set anti free flow clip catch is inserted improperly into the pump and the pump door is forced closed. Misloading of the anti free flow clip catch may create the potential for free flow of medication. Free flow, especially of narrow therapeutic range drugs, can cause life-threatening effects and injuries.
Affected pumps were distributed from November 6, 2008, to December 29, 2011. See the Recall Notice for a list of affected model numbers.
The Infusomat is an infusion pump system used to provide intravenous (IV) infusions of fluids, medications, blood, and blood products to adult, pediatric, and neonatal patients. This device is used in hospitals.
B. Braun is contacting customers to make arrangements to have the metal clip catch added to all pumps, as well as modifying door jambs on certain models:
All Infusomats on the market, which includes pumps with software versions G03, G02, or older, are being upgraded with a metal clip catch. This new material strengthens the clip catch and eliminates the potential for breakage of the current clip catch which is made of plastic.
The door jamb on pumps with G03 software will be removed from the pump. The original intent of the door jamb was to minimize potential for breakage. However, it does not eliminate breakage when high forces are applied.
Inclusion of pumps with software versions G02 or earlier. These customers were reminded about the importance of following the instructions for use to avoid potential IV set misloading. Customers were provided with information about the potential risks that may occur when instructions for use are not followed and the IV set is misloaded.
Sigma Spectrum Infusion Pump Model 35700: Class 1 Recall: Risk of Over-Infusion
Expanded Class I Recall-Serial numbers range from 700000 through 794213. All pumps serviced by SIGMA after September 21, 2010, or remediated as part of the initial recall notification, and all pumps manufactured after November 1, 2010, are not affected by this expanded recall. SIGMA expanded their recall to include additional affected units manufactured from January 18, 2005 through November 1, 2010, with the exception as noted above. These units may fail suddenly causing inaccurate flow conditions during use, ranging from back flow to over-infusion, including free flow. The pump does not issue an alarm when this occurs. These conditions could result in serious injury or death.
MOOG Medical Devices Group, Curlin Infusion Administration Sets: Class I Recall - Potential for Reverse Flow of Fluid
There is a potential for a reverse pump segment in the administration set. This malfunction could reverse the flow of fluid or medicines backwards from what was intended. This may cause blood loss, an under-delivery of prescribed medicines or fluids, or a potential delay in therapy. Use of the affected administration sets may cause serious adverse health consequences, including death.
See the Firm Press Release for a listing of affected product codes and lot numbers.
Curlin Infusion Administration Sets are used to deliver a variety of medicines and other fluids. Curlin Infusion Administration Sets were distributed in the U.S. between from December 2011 and May 2012.
Patients in a home environment: Contact your home healthcare provider or clinician for proper handling and the replacement process of your affected administration set(s).
Healthcare facilities/Pharmacies: Contact your distributor for proper handling and the replacement process of the affected administration sets.
Baxa Corporation Abacus Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) Calculation Software: Class I Recall - Potential Dosing Errors
A number of errors have been reported by Abacus software users as a result of ordering salt based parenteral nutrition ingredients on an ion based ordering template. Abacus TPN Calculation Software is designed and intended to allow the ordering of electrolytes in only one of two ways: as a salt (such as calcium gluconate 10%) or as an elemental ion (such as calcium). However, if a dosage is entered into the system based on one method, when the template is configured for the other method, a dosing error can occur.
The problem associated with mix-ups related to salt-based or ion-based ordering of electrolytes is not exclusive to calcium gluconate.
Affected catalogue numbers include:
8300-0045: Abacus Calculator Only (Abacus CE)
8300-0046: Abacus Single Work Station (Abacus SE)
8300-0047: Abacus Multi-Work Station (Abacus ME)
The Abacus TPN Calculating Software is an FDA Class I Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS) Windows-based program used in ordering total parenteral nutrition. This is a classification of the recall initiated in 2009. As of this posting, over 90% of Abacus users have made corrective actions.
The Abacus TPN Calculation Software was manufactured and distributed from August 7, 2006 through April 15, 2009.
On January 23, 2009, Baxa Corporation sent its customers a “Safety Alert” letter. Customers were instructed to ensure that users create either a salt-based template OR an ion-based template for ordering, and that both methods of ordering are not used in one template. Customers were also instructed to establish ingredient warning limits and to have pharmacists sign off if a warning limit is exceeded. In 2009 and 2010, Baxa issued updates that added limit warnings to the Abacus software.
Medtronic Model 8637 SynchroMed II Implantable Infusion Pump: Class I Recall
Medtronic and FDA notified healthcare professionals of a Class I recall of the SynchroMed II Infusion system. Medtronic’s analysis of the problem indicates it is related to the formation of a film within the pump battery. This problem can lead to the sudden loss of therapy and the return of underlying symptoms and/or therapy withdrawal symptoms.
The recall includes the SynchroMed II Implantable Infusion Pump models 8637-20 and 8637-40, distributed between May 2004 and July 8, 2011.
The SynchroMed II Implantable Programmable Drug Pump is part of the SynchroMed II Infusion system designed to contain and administer prescribed drugs to a specific site. This infusion pump is indicated to deliver morphine sulfate, ziconotide and baclofen for the treatment of chronic pain, severe chronic pain and severe spasticity, respectively. It is also indicated for delivery of floxuridine and methotrexate for the treatment of primary or metastatic cancer.
Medtronic encourages patients to carry their patient identification cards with them at all times and to contact their physicians immediately if they experience a return of symptoms or hear a device alarm.
Moog Recalls Curlin Ambulatory Infusion Pump Models 6000 CMS, 6000 CMS IOD, PainSmart, and PainSmart IOD
April 8, 2011 - EAST AURORA, NY - Moog Inc. (NYSE: MOG.A1) (NYSE: MOG.B2) announced today that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has classified the voluntary correction of the Curlin 6000 CMS, Curlin 6000 CMS IOD, PainSmart, and PainSmart IOD as a Class I recall. The affected models were manufactured and updated from May 2007 to February 2011. The decision to conduct the device recall is due to a software anomaly which leads to software Error Code 45 (EC45), resulting in a shutdown of the pump. This failure may result in a delay or interruption of therapy, which could result in serious injury and/or death. To date there have been no adverse patient events reported to the Company.
On February 28, 2011, Moog Medical notified all affected customers by Certified Mail and is preparing to take corrective action on the affected products. In the meantime, Moog Medical is providing the following guidance to its customers.
Moog Medical customers who have affected pumps experiencing an Error Code 45 should remove the pumps from service and return the device to Moog.
If you have a pump that exhibits the software error, please contact Moog Medical customer service at 1-800-970-2337, Monday through Friday 7:00 am to 5:00 pm Mountain Standard Time to arrange for the return of all recalled products.
"Moog Medical is committed to the highest level of quality in our products," said Martin Berardi, President of Moog Medical Devices Group. "Our goal is to maximize patient safety and minimize the impact of this field action on our customers." In the first quarter of this year, the Company took a reserve of $1 million to cover the cost of this recall.
Roche Insulin Delivery Systems announces recall of ACCU-CHEK® FlexLink Plus infusion sets
Roche Insulin Delivery Systems announced today that it is notifying its customers and healthcare professionals about the recall of the ACCU-CHEK® FlexLink Plus infusion set, because of the potential for under delivery of insulin due to a kinked/bent cannula when inserting the ACCU-CHEK FlexLink Plus infusion set. If this remains unnoticed, this can result in under delivery leading to elevation of blood glucose levels.
The symptoms of hyperglycemia include nausea/vomiting, blurred vision, excessive thirst or hunger, frequent urination, fatigue/tiredness/sleepiness, headache, fruity acetone breath and abdominal pain. If untreated hyperglycemia could lead to Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), serious illnesses and in severe cases death. Patients experiencing these symptoms are advised to check their blood glucose to ensure that the blood glucose level is within an acceptable range as defined by the patient’s healthcare team and to follow the medical advice given by the their healthcare team or contact their physician.
Roche Insulin Delivery Systems advises all customers to discontinue use of ACCU-CHEK ® FlexLink Plus infusion set and to contact their physicians or caregivers to determine if any changes to their therapy are needed and the local ACCU-CHEK ® Customer Care 1-800-688-4578 to receive support on obtaining alternative infusion sets, such as the ACCU-CHEK Tender or ACCU-CHEK Rapid-D infusion set. Until this issue is fixed, the ACCU-CHEK ® FlexLink Plus infusion sets will not be available.
Roche Insulin Delivery Systems emphasizes that the above mentioned action only applies to the ACCU-CHEK ® FlexLink Plus infusion set that was launched in November 2010. The use of the previous version ACCU -CHEK ® Ultraflex, other Accu-Chek® infusion sets or insulin pumps are not affected and insulin pump therapy can be continued as directed with these products or other alternatives.
Medtronic SynchroMed II and SynchroMed EL Implantable Infusion Pump and Refill Kits: Class 1 Recall
Pocket fills (the unintended injection of drugs or fluids into the patient’s subcutaneous tissue at the pump pocket site instead of the pump) may result in patient harm, serious injury, and/or death due to drug overdose or underdose.
SynchroMed II (Model No: 8637)
SynchroMed EL (Model No: 8626 and 8627)
Refill Kits (Model No: 8551, 8555, 8561, 8562, 8564, 8565, and 8566)
The SynchroMed II Programmable Pump and the SynchroMed EL Infusion System are used in patients undergoing therapy that requires the constant delivery of drugs or fluids into a patient’s body. The Medtronic refill kit is used in refilling Medtronic implantable infusion pumps, with the exception of Medtronic MiniMed Infusion Pumps.
Medtronic reminded healthcare professionals to check needle placement within the pump septum during the drug refill procedure. According to Medtronic, it is essential that the needle be inserted through the refill septum until it has reached the needle stop in the pump reservoir. At every refill, patients and caregivers should be reminded about the signs and symptoms of drug overdose, underdose, and withdrawal.
B. Braun addEASE Binary Connector: Class I Recall -Stopper Fragments May Enter Bag
When the addEASE binary connector is inserted into a partial additive bag (PAB) stopper, fragments of the stopper may enter the bag, resulting in a small amount of visible particles in the solution. The particles can potentially enter a patient’s body and lead to serious adverse health consequences, such as pulmonary embolism, stroke, or heart attack. These issues could result in serious injury or death.
The addEASE is used to transfer fluid between a partial additive bag (PAB) and a drug vial.
On June 28, 2010 B Braun sent an Urgent Medical Device Recall letter to its customers informing them of the recall and advising them to immediately stop using or distributing addEASE connectors.
Braun PAB containers can continue to be used safely with a standard syringe and needle in accordance with the Direction for Use.
Sigma Spectrum Infusion Pump Model 35700: Class 1 Recall
FDA notified healthcare professionals of the class 1 recall of the SIGMA Spectrum Infusion Pump Model 35700. These units may fail suddenly, causing inaccurate flow conditions during use, ranging from back flow to over-infusion, including free flow. The pump does not issue an alarm when this occurs. These conditions could result in serious injury or death. The recalled pump is intended for the delivery of fluids, solutions, drugs, agents, nutritionals, electrolytes, blood and blood products via parenteral, enteral, intravenous, intra-arterial, subcutaneous, epidural, or irrigation routes of administration. The recall was initiated September 15, 2010 and includes serial numbers from 706497 to 724065. Sigma has instructed healthcare facilities to verify whether the serial numbers for their infusion pumps fall within the range of pumps being recalled and is requiring the return of the recalled devices. Sigma has instructed users to not use the infusion pumps on patient populations, including neonatal patients, where inaccurate flow, ranging from back flow to over-infusion, including free flow, could result in serious adverse health consequences or death.
Triton Pole Mount Infusion Pump by WalkMed: Recall - Potential Door Open Alarm Problem
WalkMed Infusion LLC notified healthcare professionals of a nationwide recall of the Triton Pole Mount Infusion Pump, serial numbers 001 through 500 and serial numbers TR1401 through TR 2559, manufactured and sold before June 2010. If the pump door is not closed and latched per the instructions for use located on the side of the pump and in the operator manual, the pump door open alarm may not alert the user to this condition. It is then possible for the pump mechanism not to be engaged and a gravity feed flow condition to exist if the pump operator has not checked tube set for flow prior to starting the pump. This could result in over infusion of medication.
WalkMed Infusion has notified its distributors and customers by phone and e-mail and has begun the upgrade of all recalled products.
Consumers who have Triton Pole Mount Infusion Pumps which are being recalled should return the pump to the manufacturer.
CareFusion Corporation Alaris PC Units (Model 8015): Recall
Under certain wireless network conditions, a communication error can occur, which freezes the PC Unit screen. This error may result in a delay of therapy and inability to make programming changes to current infusions.
If the communication error occurs during infusion, infusion continues on all channels, as originally programmed, but cannot be modified. When this error occurs, stopping the infusion to make any modification or programming changes causes the PC unit to shut down resulting in a delay or interruption in therapy. This could lead to serious injury and/or death. These devices were manufactured from December 20, 2008 through September 8, 2009 and distributed from December 20, 2008 through June 28, 2010.
Electronic infusion pumps deliver controlled amounts of medications or other fluids to patients through an intravenous (IV), intra-arterial (IA), epidural, and other acceptable routes of administration.
If users experience the problem, they are to remove the device from service and contact the CareFusion Recall Center immediately. The corrective action will require a hardware update to all affected units. CareFusion does not require that the devices be returned.
Hospira Symbiq One-Channel and Two-Channel Infusers: Class I Recall
Potential for the device to fail to detect air in line at the end of an infusion. Failure to detect air in line may result in the delivery of air to the patient, resulting in serious injury or death.
The Symbiq Infusion System is an infusion pump intended for the delivery of fluids, solutions, drugs, agents, nutritionals, electrolytes, blood and blood products via parenteral, enteral, intravenous, intra-arterial, subcutaneous, epidural or irrigation routes of administration.
Hospira mailed clinical bulletins to affected customers on April 9, 2010, and an updated clinical bulletin on June 11, 2010. In the June 11, 2010 letter, Hospira states the user does not have to remove or stop using the Symbiq infusion pump, and provided recommended mitigation actions.
Fingerstick Devices to Obtain Blood Specimens: Initial Communication - Risk of Transmitting Bloodborne Pathogens
Reusable fingerstick (blood lancing) devices and point of care (POC) blood testing devices (e.g., blood glucose meters, PT/INR anticoagulation meters, cholesterol testing devices)
FDA and CDC have noted a progressive increase in the reports of bloodborne infection transmission over the past 10 to 15 years (primarily hepatitis B virus), resulting from the shared use of fingerstick and point-of-care [POC] blood testing devices.
Fingerstick and POC blood testing devices used on more than one patient may not be safe for several reasons. Improper use or device malfunction can lead to the use of the contaminated lancet blade on more than one patient. It is difficult for healthcare staff to ensure that all blood has been removed from POC blood testing devices and the reusable portions of the fingerstick device. If POC blood testing devices are used on multiple patients and are not cleaned and disinfected correctly and thoroughly between each patient, contaminated blood left on them could result in bloodborne pathogen transmission among patients.
Fingerstick devices are instruments equipped with a lancet. These devices are used for making skin punctures to obtain small blood specimens which are tested for blood glucose, hemoglobin, and other blood components. Some fingerstick devices are packaged with POC blood testing devices, such as blood glucose meters and PT/INR anticoagulation meters, while other fingerstick devices and lancet blades are sold separately.
Fingerstick devices should never be used for more than one person. Whenever possible, POC blood testing devices, such as blood glucose meters and PT/INR anticoagulation meters, should be used only on one patient and not shared. If dedicating POC blood testing devices to a single patient is not possible, the devices should be properly cleaned and disinfected after every use as described in the device labeling.
INOMAX DS Drug-Delivery System: Class I Recall
Ikaria, Inc. notified healthcare professionals of a Class I Recall of the INOMAX (nitric oxide) Drug-Delivery System. There is a potential for failure of a pressure switch which may have an impact on the administration of INOMAX for inhalation to patients. Risks to the patient may include interruption of drug flow due to an empty cylinder, and/or the time taken to switch to a replacement system. An interruption or delay in the administration of INOMAX therapy may cause:
• Worsening of low blood oxygen level (hypoxemia)
• Low blood pressure (hypotension) and/or
• Increase in blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries (pulmonary hypertension)
INOMAX is a vasodilator, which, in conjunction with ventilator support and other appropriate agents, is indicated for the treatment of term and near-term (greater than 34 weeks gestation) neonates with hypoxic respiratory failure.
If a leak is suspected, clinicians should: 1) not interrupt the delivery of INOMAX; 2) verify an adequate amount of INOMAX remains in the cylinder; 3) switch to the manual back-up system using the INOblender by connecting the INOMAX Inlet Hose of the INOblender directly to the INOMAX regulator, and follow the standard procedure for use of the INOblender as the primary back-up method for manual ventilation, and; 4) contact Ikaria Customer Care at 1-877-KNOW-INO (1-877-566-9466) for assistance. Although the risk of INOMAX exposure to pregnant women is unknown, it is advised that healthcare professionals who may be pregnant avoid the immediate area in which a leak is suspected.
Baxter Colleague Infusion Pumps: FDA Ordering Recall
FDA notified healthcare professionals and consumers that it has ordered Baxter to recall and destroy all of its Colleague Volumetric Infusion Pumps (Colleague pumps) currently in use. This action is based on a longstanding failure to correct many serious problems with the pumps. The FDA believes there may be as many as 200,000 of those pumps currently in use. FDA is ordering Baxter to recall and destroy all Colleague infusion pumps, reimburse customers for the value of the recalled device, and assist in finding a replacement for these customers. Hospitals and other users of Baxter’s Colleague pumps will be receiving further instruction and information from Baxter and the FDA regarding their transition.
Becton, Dickinson (BD) Q-Syte Luer Access Split Septum Device: Class I Recall
FDA notified healthcare professionals of the Class 1 recall of certain lots of the BD Q-Syte Luer Access Split Septum device and other finished products, including kits and trays, sold by other companies in which the Q-Syte Luer Access device is a component.
This device is used with other infusion therapy products to administer therapies, such as chemotherapy, blood and fluids into the intravenous system. The affected BD products were distributed from August 1, 2008 through February 1, 2010.
These lots of the BD Q-Syte Luer Access Split Septum devices are defective, which may result in air bubbles leaking into the infusion system and into the patient’s bloodstream, resulting in an air embolism. In addition, these defective devices may result in leakage of therapy being infused and result in incomplete inadequate administration of therapy. There is also a potential for blood leakage through this defect. These problems may result in serious injuries or death.
For specific information on the affected products, see the list of recalled devices in the appendix of the Initial Communication.
OneTouch SureStep Test Strips (LifeScan): Recall
LifeScan and FDA notified healthcare professionals of a voluntary recall of eight lots of OneTouch SureStep Test Strips, used by people with diabetes to measure their blood glucose levels at home. The test strips are being recalled because they may provide falsely low glucose results when the glucose level is higher than 400 mg/dL.
If patients use the falsely low test results to determine their insulin dose, they may give themselves too little insulin, which could result in poor blood glucose control. High blood glucose must be recognized and treated promptly to avoid serious complications, such as coma and death.
The eight lots of consumer OneTouch SureStep Test Strips being recalled are identified in the firm's press release. Lot numbers are located on the outer carton and test strip vial. LifeScan estimates approximately fourteen thousand packages (50- and 100-count) of consumer OneTouch SureStep Test Strips were distributed nationwide between August 1, 2009 and January 28, 2010.
It is important that patients with recalled test strips continue to test their blood glucose. Patients with access to a meter that does not use OneTouch SureStep Test Strips should use this other meter to test their blood glucose until replacement product from LifeScan arrives. If an alternate meter is not available, patients may continue to test using the recalled OneTouch SureStep Test Strips. However, if patients obtain results above 400 mg/dL, they should contact their healthcare professional for further instructions because their glucose may be significantly higher.
Medtronic Intrathecal Catheters and Revision Kits
FDA notified healthcare professionals of the Class 1 recall of Medtronic SC Catheters and Revision Kit Models: 8709SC, 8731SC, 8578, and 8596SC when paired with the Medtronic IsoMed Pump Model 8472, due to a design incompatibility resulting in a physical interference between the SC catheter connector and the IsoMed pump. This may prevent the SC catheter from completely connecting to the IsoMed pump, even though it may appear to be connected and feel secure and may lead to disruptions of therapy and revision surgery, which pose a risk of serious injury or death.
SC catheters are not compatible with IsoMed pumps but are compatible with Medtronic SynchroMed II and SynchroMed EL pumps. To date, Medtronic has received ten reports worldwide related to improper connection of an SC catheter to an IsoMed pump. In all ten reports, medical intervention was required to correct the condition. Medtronic has provided recommendations in their Medical Device Correction Letter (see link in FDA Recall Notice).
Accusure Insulin Syringes: Nationwide recall
Qualitest Pharmaceuticals and FDA notified patients and healthcare professionals of a voluntary nationwide recall of two lots of Accusure Insulin Syringes. The syringes in these lots have been found to have needles which can detach from the syringe. When the needle becomes detached from the syringe during use, it can become stuck in the insulin vial, push back into the syringe, or remain in the skin after an injection. Consumers who have any recalled Accusure Insulin Syringes (31 G –Short Needle-either 1/2 cc or 1 cc, lot number 6JCB1 or lot number 7CPT1) should stop using them and contact Qualitest at 1-800-444-4011 for product replacement instructions. The lot number can be found on the white paper backing of each individual syringe. These recalled products were distributed from January 2007 through June 2008 to wholesalers and retail pharmacies nationwide (including Puerto Rico).
Hospira, Inc. Device Recall - Defective AC Power Cords
Hospira and FDA notified healthcare professionals and patients of a nationwide recall of devices that have defective AC power cords in response to customer reports of sparking, charring and fires on the plug of the power cord. Hospira's investigation of these reports determined that the power cord's prongs may crack and fail at or inside the plug. The potential risks from this power cord failure include electrical shock, delay in setup and therapy, interruption of therapy, device failure, and fires which may also occur in an oxygen-rich environment. Depending on the device and therapy, these failures may lead to potential serious injury or death. For a list of the recalled devices please refer to the firm press release.
Users with affected power cords that have bent or cracked prongs, burnt plastic or excessive wear and tear should discontinue use immediately and contact their Hospira sales representative or Hospira Technical Support Operations at 1-800-241-4002 (available from 6 a.m. to 4 p.m., Pacific time) for instructions on receiving replacement parts or devices.
Alaris System (Cardinal Health)
FDA notified healthcare professionals of the Class 1 recall of various modules of Cardinal Health’s Alaris System, electronic infusion pumps that deliver controlled amounts of medications or other fluids to patients through an intravenous, intra-arterial, epidural, and other routes of administration. The firm initiated the recall after identifying five problems that affected the Alaris System, including failure of the occlusion warning message, syringe volume warning message, electrostatic discharge protection circuitry and fluid ingress tubing. It was determined that the five failures may result in patients experiencing under- or over-infusion which may result in serious injury or death.The device is intended for use with adult and pediatric patients in hospitals including critical care units, emergency rooms, outpatient surgical centers, hospices, and nursing homes.
Carefusion Issues Update Regarding Previously Disclosed June 12, 2009 Recall of the Alaris®
CareFusion Corporation, which is expected to become a public company following its planned spinoff from Cardinal Health, today issued the following update regarding its previously disclosed recall of the Alaris System:
On June 12, 2009, the company sent an urgent Medical Device Recall Notification to customers of its Alaris® System addressing potential risks identified with the Alaris System. The affected devices have one or more failures associated with the Occlusion Warning Message, Syringe Volume Warning Message, Electrostatic Discharge protection circuitry, and Fluid Ingress into the device's pumping mechanism. This recall also updates the labeling for the Inter Unit Interface (IUI) connectors on the Alaris® System. The potential risks may lead to improper infusion therapy, which could cause serious adverse health consequences or death.
Serial numbers of affected devices, as well as CareFusion's short term instructions to customers, and the firm's strategy to fix the affected devices can be found at: www.cardinalhealth.com/alaris/medical-device-recall/.
Following the FDA's 510(k) clearance of the firm's software correction in July 2009, CareFusion is now implementing corrections for units in the field.
In addition, CareFusion today began sending customers using the Alaris Patient Controlled Analgesia (PCA) module an update to the June 12, 2009, Medical Device Recall Notification. The update contains an additional required action to mitigate potential risk before completion of the field corrective action related to the Syringe Volume Warning Message that may appear while using the Alaris PC unit with the Alaris PCA module. The additional step involves removing the patient-controlled dose request handset from the patient prior to reprogramming the infusion pump.
"Implementation of the corrective action plan is an important area of focus for CareFusion and our customers, to ensure our medical devices in the field are operating as safely and effectively as possible," said Dwight Winstead, chief operating officer of CareFusion. "We continue to work closely with the FDA under our new quality system with the goal of manufacturing and supporting products that are among the safest in the industry."
The company recorded an $18 million reserve in its 2009 fiscal third quarter for all actions related to the corrective action plan and continues to believe the amount to be sufficient to fulfill its remediation obligations.
Instructions to customers
Customer inquiries related to this action should be addressed to the CareFusion recall center at 888-562-6018. Additional information about the recall can be found at www.cardinalhealth.com/alaris/medical-device-recall/.
CareFusion will work with customers to minimize disruption while correcting units at their facilities.
In the interim, customers should follow steps outlined in the June 12 Medical Device Recall Notification and the updated Notification for customers using the Alaris PCA module to minimize potential risk before implementation of the software and hardware updates.
CareFusion notified customers by registered letter on June 12, 2009, posted the customer letter on the company's web site and set up a dedicated call center for customer support. The FDA has also been apprised of this action.
Any adverse reactions experienced with the use of this product, and/or quality problems should also be reported to the FDA's MedWatch Program by phone at 1-800-FDA-1088, by Fax at 1-800-FDA-0178, by mail at MedWatch, HF-2, FDA 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20852-9787, or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
About CareFusion Corporation
CareFusion Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Cardinal Health (NYSE:CAH), is expected to become a public company with the planned spinoff of the clinical and medical products businesses of Cardinal Health. The global company serves the health care industry with products and services that help hospitals measurably improve the safety and quality of healthcare. CareFusion develops market-leading technologies including Alaris® IV pumps, Pyxis® automated dispensing and patient identification systems, AVEA and Pulmonetic Systems™ ventilation and respiratory products, ChloraPrep® for infection prevention and MedMined™ services for infection surveillance, neurological monitoring and diagnostic products, V. Mueller® surgical instruments and an extensive line of products that support interventional medicine.
CareFusion employs more than 15,000 people across its global operations. The company has been authorized to have its shares of common stock listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol "CFN." More information may be found at carefusion.com.
Mallinckrodt Sodium Chromate Cr-51 Injection
Covidien and FDA announced the recall of one lot [#370-9004] of Mallinckrodt Sodium Chromate Cr-51 Injection as a result of routine post-market testing in which the product was found to be subpotent. Sodium Chromate Cr-51 Injection is a radiopharmaceutical agent used in a diagnostic test to determine the presence of a disease known as Polycythemia rubra vera. Using subpotent product could lead to an incorrect test result. A misdiagnosis or delayed diagnosis followed by a delay in treatment puts patients at an increased risk of embolus or stroke. This recall is being conducted to inform healthcare providers of the potential for a false low reading of red blood cell volume and to prevent further use of the product. Customers who have product from the recalled lot in their possession should discontinue use immediately. Customers with questions about the recalled product, including returns, should contact Product Monitoring at 800-778-7898 (7:00 am to 5:00 pm CT).
Disetronic Medical Systems Inc. announces a recall the ACCU-CHEK® Spirit insulin pump
Disetronic Medical Systems Inc. announced today that it is notifying its customers, distributors and healthcare professionals about a potential defect in the “up” and/or “down” buttons of some ACCU-CHEK Spirit insulin pumps. This failure may present as an intermittent or complete loss of function of the “up” and/or “down” buttons. The pump’s “up” and “down” buttons are used for changing the program in the menu or to administer additional insulin through a bolus delivery. If the buttons do not function, users may not be able to change any programmed setting on the pump. If this failure occurs, the pump may not respond with a vibration or acoustic confirmation signal to a button press and the display will remain unchanged. This defect was discovered through the company’s normal quality control monitoring process.
The notifications provide specific actions and details that customers, distributors and healthcare professionals need to take. The pumps in question have serial numbers in the range from SN02119552 through SN10006093 (US market).
Colleague Single and Triple Channel Volumetric Infusion Pumps by Baxter recalled
FDA notified healthcare professionals of a Class 1 Recall of model numbers Mono 2M8151 and 2M8153, CX 2M8161 and 2M8163, and CXE 2M9161and 2M9163. These products were manufactured and distributed from February, 1997 through December, 2008. The company identified software and battery usage failures that result in a delay in or interruption of infusion that may cause serious injury and/or death. Baxter sent a letter to all of its customers, which included advice and instructions to institutions using the infusion pumps.
Nationwide Recall of ReliOn Insulin Syringes for use with U-100 Insulin (Tyco Healthcare - Covidien)
Covidien and FDA notified patients and healthcare professionals of a recall of ReliOn sterile, single-use, disposable, hypodermic syringes with permanently affixed hypodermic needles. The mislabeled syringe may result in patients receiving an overdose of as much as 2.5 times the intended dose, with serious health consequences, low blood sugar, and even death. These syringes are sold only by Wal-Mart or Sam's Club pharmacies under the ReliOn name. The recall applies only to lot number 813900. The product was distributed from Aug. 1, 2008 until Oct. 8, 2008, and includes 471,000 individual syringes in 4,710 boxes. FDA urges patients and health care professionals to check syringe packaging carefully for products with this lot number, not to use the product, and return the product to the pharmacy for replacement. The lot number can be found on the back panel of the 100 count syringe carton, or on the white paper backing of each individual syringe “peel-pack”.
Medtronic INDURA 1P Intrathecal Catheter, Sutureless Pump Connector Revision Kit, and Intrathecal Catheter Pump Segment Revision Kit
Medtronic and FDA notified healthcare professionals of the Class I Recall of several Medtronic intrathecal catheters and intrathecal catheter revision kits used with the implanted Medtronic SyncroMed II, SynchroMed EL, and IsoMed infusion pumps that store and deliver parenteral drugs to the intrathecal space. The products were recalled because of potential misconnections of the Medtronic Sutureless Connector Catheters from the catheter port on the pump. These misconnections have resulted in a blockage between the sutureless pump connector and the catheter port on the pump and disconnection from the pump connector. See the FDA Recall Notice for recommendations for healthcare professionals.
Recall Issued For Baxa Corporation Exacta-Mix 2400 Operating Software
Baxa Corporation and FDA informed healthcare professionals of a class I recall of Exacta-Mix 2400 Operating Software Version 1.07, Model No. 8300-0073, Pharmacy Compound System. The device is a compounding system that can be used in pharmacies to add and mix various ingredients into one intravenous (IV) solution.
The device is being recalled because a software failure allowed up to 50mL extra volume of an ingredient to be added to the IV solution that can be life-threatening, particularly in newborns.
Medical Equipment That Uses or Displays Time
FDA notified healthcare professionals and consumers of the possibility that some medical devices/equipment, hospital networks and associated information technology systems may generate adverse events because of the upcoming change in the start and end dates for Daylight Savings Time (DST), and suggested actions to prevent such occurrences. Medical equipment that uses, creates or records time information about a patient's diagnosis or treatment and has not been updated by the manufacturer, may not work properly when the new DST starts three weeks earlier and ends one week later this year.
Additionally, if a medical device or medical device network are adversely affected by the new DST date changes, a patient's treatment or diagnostic result could be:
- incorrectly prescribed
- provided at the wrong time
- given more than once
- given for longer or shorter durations than intended
- incorrectly recorded
Alaris SE Infusion Pumps recalled due to risk of overinfusion
FDA and Alaris Products notified healthcare professionals of a recall of defective infusion pumps due to a design defect called "key bounce" that may cause potential over-infusion of medications and result in an infusion rate at least 10 times the intended infusion rate. Infusion pumps are electronic devices intended for controlled delivery of intravenous solutions and medications to patients. Key bounce occurs when a number pressed once on the pump registers twice and not detected during programming verification. The products included in this recall (model numbers 7130,7131, 7230, and 7231) are distributed by Cardinal Health Care 303 Inc. The manufacturer provided recommendations to pump users on steps they can take to minimize key entry errors until the problem can be corrected. Healthcare facilities can continue to use pumps in their possession, guided by the company's instructions. To learn more about the problem with "key bounce", go to http://www.ismp.org/Newsletters/acutecare/articles/20060112.asp
Baxter Healthcare's Colleague Volumetric Infusion Pump and Syndeo Patient Controlled Analgesic Syringe Pump
FDA notified healthcare professionals that Baxter Healthcare will stop manufacturing and distributing all models of Colleague Volumetric Infusion Pump and Syndeo Patient Controlled Analgesic Syringe Pump until the company corrects manufacturing deficiencies and is in compliance with FDA's current good manufacturing practice requirements and the Quality System regulation for devices. FDA will allow the firm to continue to provide routine service maintenance, or to replace components, parts, or accessories for the Colleague and Syndeo Infusion Pumps that were already in the hands of customers before October 12, 2005. The Colleague pump has exhibited a variety of problems, including under-infusion, battery failures, false alarms and failure to alarm.
Baxter Healthcare Corporation COLLEAGUE Volumetric Infusion Pumps
The FDA is recommending that all healthcare providers take important safety steps when using the COLLEAGUE Volumetric Infusion Pump manufactured by Baxter Healthcare Corporation. The COLLEAGUE pump has exhibited a variety of problems, including under-infusion, battery failures, false alarms and failure to alarm. Over the past year, Baxter has issued four urgent safety notices and recalls for COLLEAGUE infusion pumps.
In addition to the recommendations made by Baxter Healthcare Corporation when using the COLLEAGUE Volumetric Infusion Pump, FDA is strongly recommending the following measures:
- Do not use the COLLEAGUE pumps in situations where delaying or interrupting therapy in order to reprogram or replace a malfunctioning pump may be life threatening, if possible.
- Have a contingency plan to mitigate any disruption of infusion therapy (e.g., have a back-up pump available).
- Monitor patients and check the pumps frequently.
- Report any problems as soon as possible to Baxter and FDA.
- Consider evaluating other options for infusion therapy if your facility relies primarily or entirely on COLLEAGUE Pumps.
Advisory for Users of Diastat AcuDial Delivery Systems
The Food and Drug Administration is advising patients with epilepsy and their care givers of a potential hazard caused by cracks in the applicator tips of Diastat AcuDial (diazepam rectal gel) delivery systems. These cracks can result in the leakage of gel during its application, which results in the patient not getting enough of the medicine to control seizures. Caregivers for these patients are advised to call their local emergency response center or 911 for help in any seizure emergency.
Diastat AcuDial pre-filled syringes are designed to deliver diazepam gel rectally in patients with acute repetitive seizures, a condition that, if inadequately treated, can progress to a life-threatening condition in which seizures are continuous. The drug is typically administered by family members or caregivers at home.
Class 1 recall of Baxter Healthcare Corp. COLLEAGUE and COLLEAGUE CX Volumetric Infusion Pump
Baxter Healthcare Corp. and FDA notified healthcare professionals of a Class 1 recall of all models of COLLEAGUE Volumetric Infusion Pumps, used to give controlled amounts of medications or other fluids to patients through an intravenous, intra-arterial, epidural or other direct line into the bloodstream. Reasons for the recall include one or more of the following conditions: battery undercharging, false alarms/shutdown, gearbox wear, under-infusion, and/or non-detection of upstream occlusion. Any of these failures may delay or interrupt therapy, which could result in a life-threatening situation for patients, depending on the type of therapy being administered.
Baxter Healthcare Colleague Volumetric Infusion Pump
Baxter Healthcare Corporation and FDA notified healthcare professionals of a Class I recall of all models of its Colleague Volumetric Infusion Pumps because they can shut down while delivering critical medication and fluids to patients. Baxter has received six reports of serious injury and three reports of death associated with this shut-down problem.